In the Sahel, extreme poverty, climate change, armed conflict and insecurity continue to threaten the lives of millions already living on the brink. These interdependent drivers are behind the staggering levels of structural, chronic and acute vulnerability present in the region. Where the chronic seasonal cycle is broken, progress and success can be seen. Where conflict hits, hard-won gains are quickly lost and new challenges appear.
Communities across the region remain highly vulnerable. In 2017, around 30 million people are expected to face food insecurity, and almost 12 million of them at crisis and emergency levels. Pockets of pasture deficits have been observed in certain areas of Chad, Mali, Mauritania and Niger, and risks of locusts have been identified in Mauritania and neighboring areas. The situation of people living in the conflict-affected regions of Mali and the Lake Chad Basin, is particularity critical.
In 2017, in the more stable regions of the Sahel such as Burkina Faso, Mauritania and Senegal, where needs are driven by chronic vulnerability, humanitarian action has been fully aligned with resilience and development frameworks.
Lake Chad Basin: The scale of suffering remains huge and is expected to grow: around 11 million people will require assistance in 2017. Humanitarian partners have requested US$1.5 billion to provide aid to 8.2 million people. While the response strategy focuses us on providing emergency, life-saving assistance, humanitarian actors are also calling for a collaborative approach to help address the deeper causes of the Lake Chad Basin crisis that include abject poverty, the impact of climate change, rapid population growth and under-investment in social services. At the Oslo conference on 24 Feb 2017, 14 donors pledged $458 million for relief in 2017 and an additional $214 million was announced for 2018 and beyond. (OCHA, 24 Feb 2017)
Mali: Needs remain high with more than 3.5 million people being food insecure and some 852,000 people in need of nutrition assistance. More than 37,000 people remain internally displaced. The majority of those in need of assistance are in Mali’s northern region.
For 2017, the humanitarian community will require US$ 2.66 billion to help 15 million people, across 8 countries. (OCHA, 7 Dec 2016)
Appeals & Funding
ABUJA, March 20, 2017—The World Bank’s Board today approved a $200 million credit to support the Government of Nigeria’s response to the acute humanitarian and forced-displacement crisis triggered by the Boko Haram conflict in North East Nigeria. The project will provide multi-sectoral crisis recovery in the states of Borno, Yobe and Adamawa, including service delivery restoration and infrastructure rehabilitation in health, education, transport, water, and sanitation sectors.
The eight-year conflict in Nigeria’s northeast has created a deepening humanitarian crisis. Boko Haram violence and military operations continue to affect millions of people across the region. Nearly 1.9 million people have been forced to flee their homes; more than half of these people are children. Currently 5.1 million people are estimated in urgent need of food assistance in Borno, Adamawa and Yobe states.
Conseil des droits de l'homme
21 mars 2017
Le Conseil des droits de l'homme a commencé, ce matin, l'examen des questions liées à l'assistance technique et au renforcement des capacités en entendant les exposés de l'Experte indépendante sur la situation des droits l'homme en République centrafricaine et de l'Expert indépendant sur la situation des droits de l'homme au Mali, avec lesquels il a eu des débats séparés.
In 2016 alone, at least 800 people were killed in southern Kaduna, and 1,269 in Benue state, where herders invaded at least 14 of the 23 local government areas (LGAs).
Since 2015, at least 62,000 people have been displaced in Kaduna, Plateau, and Benue states. IDPs have sheltered in poor communities, placing additional strain on scarce resources.
Human Rights Council
21 March 2017
The Human Rights Council during its midday meeting held separate interactive dialogues with the Independent Expert on the situation of human rights in the Central African Republic, Marie-Thérèse Keita Bocoum, and with the Independent Expert on the situation of human rights in Mali, Suliman Baldo.
The security situation in northern and central Mali continues to be very difficult. This was illustrated last week by a criminal attack on an international humanitarian organisation in Gao, leaving one aid worker dead and another severely injured. Violence and insecurity, in a context of broad impunity, affect local populations on a permanent basis and are the main reasons why Malian refugees (estimated total: 141 450) do not return.
Key messages for decision makers
The distribution of food assistance has impacted positively on beneficiaries in Monguno leading to a decrease in the proportion of households with poor food consumption from 44% at baseline to 5% in February 2017.
On average, households with acceptable food consumption consumed cereals for 7 days, pulses for 4 days, vegetable for 7 days and meat for 2 days, with the consumption of sugar and oil improving to 4 and 7 days from 2 and 6 days respectively compared to the baseline.
UN INCENDIE DÉTRUIT DES ABRIS DANS UN CAMP DE RÉFUGIÉS
Une réponse humanitaire rapide est en cours à la suite d'un incendie, le 15 mars, dans le camp de réfugiés de Dosseye, au sud du Tchad. Le feu, dont la cause est encore inconnue, a détruit plusieurs abris, des vivres et des articles ménagers. Aucune victime n'a été signalée. Le camp de Dosseye accueille plus de 12 000 réfugiés de la République centrafricaine.
20 PERSONNES INFECTÉES PAR LA VARIOLE DU SINGE, 3 DÉCÈS
This is a summary of what was said by UNHCR spokesperson Babar Baloch – to whom quoted text may be attributed – at today's press briefing at the Palais des Nations in Geneva.
FIRE DESTROYS SHELTERS AT REFUGEE CAMP
A rapid humanitarian response is underway following a fire at Dosseye refugee camp in southern Chad on 15 March. The fire, whose cause is still unknown, destroyed several huts, food stocks and household items. No casualties were reported. Dosseye camp hosts more than 12,000 refugees from the Central African Republic.
MONKEYPOX INFECTS 20, KILLS THREE
20 mars 2017 – A l'occasion d'une visite ce weekend au Mali, le Secrétaire général adjoint des Nations Unies pour les opérations de maintien de la paix, Hervé Ladsous, s'est félicité des progrès accomplis sur le chemin de la paix, près de quatre ans après la création de la Mission multidimensionnelle intégrée des Nations Unies pour la stabilisation au Mali (MINUSMA).
Decline in rice production has led to an early lean season along the Niger River
Food insecurity is observed locally as a result of poor pastoral performance and security crisis.
On 14 March 2017, the 2017/8 Health Sector strategy was presented in Abuja to the donor and wider community by WHO on behalf of the Health Sector with support from representatives of Borno State Ministry of Health and health sector partners. The strategy has been informed by and supports the MOH NE Health Sector Response Plan, the HRP 2017,
State MOH Health Sector Operations Plans and health sector partner strategies.
More than 20 million people in Nigeria, South Sudan, Somalia and Yemen are experiencing famine or at risk of famine over the coming six months. UN agencies and humanitarian partners are ready to scale up the response to avert a catastrophe, but the necessary funds and access to do so are required immediately.
NIGERIA - EMERGENCY
An elevated risk of famine persists in the north-east. Some areas remain inaccessible to humanitarians, leaving affected people in life-threatening conditions.
SOUTH SUDAN - FAMINE
17 mars 2017
LES POINTS MARQUANTS
Avec 369 000 réfugiés en 2016, le Tchad est le troisième pays d’accueil en Afrique subsaharienne.
Une mission conjointe de la Banque mondiale, du HCR, et de l’ONU s’est rendue sur place pour définir ses prochaines interventions.
Avec 20% de problèmes humanitaires et 70% de problèmes de développement, il s’agit d’aider aussi bien les réfugiés que les populations d’accueil.
March 17, 2017
Chad hosted the third largest number of refugees in sub-Saharan Africa with 369,000 refugees in 2016.
A joint mission comprising the World Bank, the UNHCR, and the UN visited Chad to identify its future interventions.
Interventions will aim to provide assistance to not only the refugee population, but also the host communities.
STUDY BACKGROUND AND CONTEXT
International Medical Corps (IMC) has been working on nutrition in Chad, which ranks 185th on the 2014 Human Development Index , since 2004.
A SMART survey conducted in 2014 in the Abdi district (Ouaddai region) in eastern Chad determined that Abdi had some of the highest acute malnutrition rates (wasting) in the Sahel; 13.7% moderate acute malnutrition (MAM) and 4% severe acute malnutrition (SAM) rates were recorded for children under 5 years old.
Contexte et objectifs de l’étude Link NCA
L’étude SMART de 2014 a montré des résultats alarmants concernant le district sanitaire d’Abdi.
En effet, un taux de malnutrition aiguë globale de 17,4% a été révélé, dont 4,0% de malnutrition aiguë sévère. Suite à cela, International Medical Corps a décidé de venir appuyer le Ministère de la Santé dans son programme de PCIMA.