In the Sahel, extreme poverty, climate change, armed conflict and insecurity continue to threaten the lives of millions already living on the brink. These interdependent drivers are behind the staggering levels of structural, chronic and acute vulnerability present in the region. Where the chronic seasonal cycle is broken, progress and success can be seen. Where conflict hits, hard-won gains are quickly lost and new challenges appear.
Communities across the region remain highly vulnerable. In 2017, around 30 million people are expected to face food insecurity, and almost 12 million of them at crisis and emergency levels. Pockets of pasture deficits have been observed in certain areas of Chad, Mali, Mauritania and Niger, and risks of locusts have been identified in Mauritania and neighboring areas. The situation of people living in the conflict-affected regions of Mali and the Lake Chad Basin, is particularity critical.
In 2017, in the more stable regions of the Sahel such as Burkina Faso, Mauritania and Senegal, where needs are driven by chronic vulnerability, humanitarian action has been fully aligned with resilience and development frameworks.
Lake Chad Basin: The scale of suffering remains huge and is expected to grow: around 11 million people will require assistance in 2017. Humanitarian partners have requested US$1.5 billion to provide aid to 8.2 million people. While the response strategy focuses us on providing emergency, life-saving assistance, humanitarian actors are also calling for a collaborative approach to help address the deeper causes of the Lake Chad Basin crisis that include abject poverty, the impact of climate change, rapid population growth and under-investment in social services. At the Oslo conference on 24 Feb 2017, 14 donors pledged $458 million for relief in 2017 and an additional $214 million was announced for 2018 and beyond. (OCHA, 24 Feb 2017)
Mali: Needs remain high with more than 3.5 million people being food insecure and some 852,000 people in need of nutrition assistance. More than 37,000 people remain internally displaced. The majority of those in need of assistance are in Mali’s northern region.
For 2017, the humanitarian community will require US$ 2.66 billion to help 15 million people, across 8 countries. (OCHA, 7 Dec 2016)
Appeals & Funding
La situation sécuritaire est restée calme, malgré quelques incidents liés à des tensions intercommunautaires ou des actes d’éléments armés.
Deux évaluations multisectorielles dans les zones de retour des femmes et enfants en situation de reddition ont souligné de nombreuses vulnérabilités et les retours probables de près de 40 000 personnes au sud du canton de Bol.
De nouveaux déplacements vers Koulkime et Kousserie, causés par un sentiment d’insécurité des populations, ont été rapportés.
The security situation remained calm, despite some incidents related to inter-communal tensions or acts allegedly perpetrated by armed elements.
Two multisector assessments in the return areas of women and children having allegedly surrendered highlighted many vulnerabilities and the likely return of nearly 40,000 people in the southern part of Bol canton.
New displacements to Koulkime and Kousserie were reported, caused by a feeling of insecurity among the population.
Chad is facing interconnected humanitarian crises in a context of chronic poverty and low economic development. The security situation in neighboring countries has led to large population movements into Chad, as well as internal displacement for several years.
Le Tchad fait face à des crises humanitaires interconnectées, dans un contexte de pauvreté chronique et de faible développement économique. La situation sécuritaire dans les pays voisins a entrainé d’importants mouvements de personnes vers le Tchad, ainsi que des déplacements internes depuis plusieurs années.
More than 230 MT of Ready to Use Therapeutic Food have been recently dispatched from HRD Accra on behalf of UNICEF.
In mid-December 2016, five UNHRD’s Rapid Response Team members were deployed to Northeast Nigeria supporting WFP scaling up operations, and the efforts of several international organizations.
Two members are still supporting humanitarian operations.
600 Mauritanian refugees who expressed their interest in being naturalised have their file being handled by a legal consulting company that supports the naturalization process
50 Protection incidents have been reported in north and central regions of Mali since January 2017
USD 40 million requested for the operation
285.0 M required for 2017
15.0 M contributions received, representing 4% of requirement
270.0 M funding gap for West Africa
Chad’s pipeline of Ready to Use Therapeutic Food (RUTF) is facing an alarming strain. The current pipeline covers up to June 2017. Chad is a landlocked country and new supplies take four months to arrive in country - unless new funds are received by end of March, the country will be facing an RUTF shortage.
La situation sécuritaire dans la région de l’Extrême-Nord demeure volatile et imprévisible. Les forces de défense et de sécurité camerounaises poursuivent les opérations de bouclage dans les localités frontalières avec le Nigeria. Dans la nuit du 15 au 16 mars, la localité d’Ashigashia dans le Mayo Tsanaga a été bouclée et des centaines de personnes interpellées parmi lesquelles 330 nigérians transférés dans les locaux de la commune de Mozogo et pris en charge par le budget de la commune.
Nigeria's government is worried about clandestine migration. Unlike in Europe, the issue is not people coming in, but Nigerians leaving the country. New rules are being enacted to solve the problem.
Author Jan-Philipp Scholz
Nigeria’s north-eastern region, which has historically lagged behind the rest of the country in socio-economic development, is struck by a long-running conflict that has caused widespread destruction and deep human suffering. Some 14 million people are currently in need of humanitarian assistance. They include 8.5 million in Adamawa, Borno and Yobe states that are the worst affected by the Boko Haram-related conflict.
“People in north eastern Nigeria are battling one of the most severe humanitarian crises of today. Most of the food production has collapsed completely, and the conflict with Boko Haram makes it impossible for people to return home and pick up their lives,” says NORCAP expert, Virginia M. Moncrieff.
4.67 million people in Adamawa, Borno and Yobe states are severely food insecure, and the numbers are growing rapidly. There has been no production of food for the last three years due to the ongoing conflict with Boko Haram.
The ICRC is appealing for $400m to help those most affected by the humanitarian crises in Somalia, Yemen, South Sudan and north-east Nigeria. The funds will ensure 5 million vulnerable people receive essential aid.
Speaking at a news conference in Geneva today, ICRC director of operations, Dominik Stillhart, warned a massive scaling up of aid was needed to avert a further spiralling downwards in these countries.
FOOD SECURITY SNAPSHOT
Below average 2016 cereal harvest
Cereal prices mostly stable, reflecting adequate supplies including from imported staple foods
Humanitarian assistance continues to be needed, including for Malian refugees
Below average cereal harvest gathered in 2016
Harvesting of the 2016 rainfed cereal crops was completed in December, while harvesting of recession and off-season crops will be completed in April.
Ceci est un résumé des déclarations du porte-parole du HCR Babar Baloch – à qui toute citation peut être attribuée – lors de la conférence de presse du 21 mars 2017 au Palais des Nations à Genève.
Le HCR, l’Agence des Nations Unies pour les réfugiés, est préoccupé par les retours forcés de centaines de réfugiés depuis la région de l’Extrême-Nord du Cameroun vers le nord-est du Nigéria, et ce malgré la récente signature d’un accord tripartite visant notamment à assurer le caractère librement consenti des rapatriements.