In the Sahel, extreme poverty, climate change, armed conflict and insecurity continue to threaten the lives of millions already living on the brink. These interdependent drivers are behind the staggering levels of structural, chronic and acute vulnerability present in the region. Where the chronic seasonal cycle is broken, progress and success can be seen. Where conflict hits, hard-won gains are quickly lost and new challenges appear.
Communities across the region remain highly vulnerable. In 2017, around 30 million people are expected to face food insecurity, and almost 12 million of them at crisis and emergency levels. Pockets of pasture deficits have been observed in certain areas of Chad, Mali, Mauritania and Niger, and risks of locusts have been identified in Mauritania and neighboring areas. The situation of people living in the conflict-affected regions of Mali and the Lake Chad Basin, is particularity critical.
In 2017, in the more stable regions of the Sahel such as Burkina Faso, Mauritania and Senegal, where needs are driven by chronic vulnerability, humanitarian action has been fully aligned with resilience and development frameworks.
Lake Chad Basin: The scale of suffering remains huge and is expected to grow: around 11 million people will require assistance in 2017. Humanitarian partners have requested US$1.5 billion to provide aid to 8.2 million people. While the response strategy focuses us on providing emergency, life-saving assistance, humanitarian actors are also calling for a collaborative approach to help address the deeper causes of the Lake Chad Basin crisis that include abject poverty, the impact of climate change, rapid population growth and under-investment in social services. At the Oslo conference on 24 Feb 2017, 14 donors pledged $458 million for relief in 2017 and an additional $214 million was announced for 2018 and beyond. (OCHA, 24 Feb 2017)
Mali: Needs remain high with more than 3.5 million people being food insecure and some 852,000 people in need of nutrition assistance. More than 37,000 people remain internally displaced. The majority of those in need of assistance are in Mali’s northern region.
For 2017, the humanitarian community will require US$ 2.66 billion to help 15 million people, across 8 countries. (OCHA, 7 Dec 2016)
Appeals & Funding
Globalement en Février 2017 la situation alimentaire peut être qualifiée de satisfaisante avec 98% des ménages ayant une consommation alimentaire limite ou acceptable. De Novembre 2016 à Février 2017, la proportion des bénéficiaires qui ont une consommation alimentaire pauvre a diminué.
Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Development Cooperation Alexander De Croo, in charge for humanitarian emergency aid, announced that the federal government will double the population's donations to the campaign “Famine 12-12”. Minister De Croo has also planned international demarches. He will look, together with the United Nations, into a way to better tackle the structural causes. “We cannot look away when children are dying of hunger”.
Climate change is about much more than polar bears – it is about the lives of millions of children around the world who are at risk of climate-related disasters
FOOD SECURITY SNAPSHOT
Above-average crop production in 2016 due to adequate rainfall throughout the season
Prices of millet and sorghum stable in January but remain above their year-earlier levels
Continued assistance required to improve access to food and protect livelihoods of food insecure and vulnerable people, including refugees and returnees
Cereal production recovered in 2016
FOOD SECURITY SNAPSHOT
Adequate rains in 2016 facilitated crop development in most regions; bumper crop gathered for second consecutive year
Coarse grain prices increased in recent months and remained above their year earlier levels
Humanitarian assistance continues to be needed, including for Nigerian and Malian refugees
Bumper crop harvested in 2016
WASHINGTON, March 23, 2017 — The World Bank today approved a $200 million credit to further support the Government of Nigeria in its efforts to enhance agricultural productivity of small and medium scale farmers in participating states.
by Adela Suliman | Thomson Reuters Foundation
Friday, 24 March 2017 07:00 GMT
Many women have lost male relatives to war and find themselves in the role of sole breadwinner. One in four Syrian refugee families is now headed by a woman.
By Adela Suliman
LONDON, March 24 (Thomson Reuters Foundation) - When Islamic State militants brutally invaded her hometown of Kobani in Syria, Shorash didn't initially see it as a career opportunity.
"Responding to the appeal made by the Secretary General of the United Nations, Antonio Guterres, we have arranged, through Italian Cooperation, a package of humanitarian aid worth 10 million euros in response to the very serious food crisis that is endangering the survival of 20 million people in Yemen, South Sudan, Nigeria and Somalia, including 1.4 million children under 5 with acute malnutrition problems".
Mali: MSF warns about the use of humanitarian aid for political and military interests
The incursion of military and political actors in the humanitarian field is putting the provision of humanitarian aid at risk in Mali. This is the main conclusion of a report published this week by Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) which analyses the continuous and harmful instrumentalisation of humanitarian aid in the country.
The mid-term results of the Project for Improving Communities’ Resilience and Food Security to Overcome the Adverse Effects of Climate Change (PARSSAC) – funded by WFP’s Climate Adaptation Fund – were presented in February.
For the next six months, WFP needs USD 3.9 million to avoid pipeline breaks, and assist the local population and Malian refugees with cash/in-kind assistance, and resilience building activities. Urgent funding of USD 0.9 million is also needed to resume WFP’s school meals programme for the next six months.
The Zero Hunger Country Strategic Review has officially begun.
A total of 7,416 people were assisted under the immediate response emergency operation (IR-EMOP 201036) in February 2017.
Education: School closures have interrupted education for an estimated 72,000 children.
Health: Various attacks have resulted in the disruption of health service provision, as health centres closed and people are scared to travel.
Food security will worsen in the area. Households are expected to face Stressed outcomes (IPC Phase 2) between April and September.
WASH: Scheduled repairs or constructions of wells and latrines are being delayed because of rising insecurity.
Monthly regional mixed migration summary for February 2017 covering mixed migration events, incidents, trends and data for the West Africa region
We are on the precipice of another humanitarian crisis. The famine that is raging in Nigeria, Somalia, South Sudan, and Yemen is threatening the lives of millions of people. The crisis is urgent, complex and vast. Without swift action, alarming food shortages in Ethiopia, Chad, Kenya, Uganda, and Niger, could also spiral into crisis.
The security situation remained calm, despite some incidents related to inter-communal tensions or acts allegedly perpetrated by armed elements.
Two multisector assessments in the return areas of women and children having allegedly surrendered highlighted many vulnerabilities and the likely return of nearly 40,000 people in the southern part of Bol canton.
New displacements to Koulkime and Kousserie were reported, caused by a feeling of insecurity among the population.
After three years of assistance at the Gaoui site, the humanitarian community advocates for durable solutions to facilitate the reintegration of returnees.
The Oslo Humanitarian Conference allowed the countries of the Lake Chad Basin to receive pledges of US $ 672 million, including US $ 458 million in 2017.
Toward sustainable solutions for Gaoui returnees
Decreasing humanitarian response in the site