Grave concerns persist for some 20 million people in the Sahel. Recurrent conflict, erratic weather patterns, epidemics and other shocks continue to weaken the resilience of households across a region still suffering chronic levels of food insecurity and malnutrition.
An estimated 20.4 million people remain food insecure at the start of 2015. At least 2.6 million people have already crossed the crisis threshold, 70 percent of whom are in Niger, Nigeria, Mali and Chad where insecurity and poverty compound food insecurity.
Epidemics continue to demand urgent attention in 2015. Besides cholera, meningitis, Lassa and yellow fever, more recently, Ebola has been posing a serious threat to the Sahel region and has already impacted Mali, Nigeria, and Mali directly.
Beyond the chronic threats of food insecurity, malnutrition and epidemics, violent conflict in and around the Sahel region has led to a surge in population displacement. The region begins 2015 with some 2.8 million people displaced; over a million more than in early 2014. With escalating conflict in northeast Nigeria, an estimated one million people have been internally displaced. Some 150,000 Nigerian refugees have fled to neighbouring Niger, Chad and Cameroon. The volatile security situation in northern Mali continues to have a devastating impact on civilians, hampering the return of refugees, affecting markets and preventing the full restoration of basic services. Some 133,000 Malian refugees remain in Mauritania, Niger and Burkina Faso and more than 80,000 Malians remain internally displaced. As in Nigeria, high levels of insecurity in northern Mali also greatly impact the ability of humanitarians to access those in need. (Sahel: A call for humanitarian aid, 12 Feb 2015)
Due to the ongoing crisis in the Lake Chad Basin, Chad is now the seventh largest refugee-hosting country in the world with over 750,000 displaced persons, the majority of whom are refugees or Chadian returnees who fled from the Central African Republic, Libya, Nigeria, and Sudan. At the end of August, the Regional Humanitarian Coordinator for the Sahel called on the international community to ramp up its support in response to the multi-faceted humanitarian challenges affecting the country. (OCHA, 27 Aug 2015)
On 9 December 2015, United Nations agencies and partners launched the Sahel humanitarian appeal for 2016. The regional plan calls for US$1.98 billion to provide vital assistance to millions of people affected by crises in nine countries across Africa’s Sahel region. (OCHA, 9 Dec 2015)
As of 5 Jan 2016, the Strategic Response Plan for the Sahel was 44% funded. (OCHA, 15 Jan 2016)
Appeals & Funding
- Sahel Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP) 2016 EN/FR
- Humanitarian Needs Overview EN/FR
- 2014-2016 Strategic Response Plans: Sahel Region EN/FR; Burkina Faso; Cameroon; Chad; Gambia; Mali; Mauritania; Niger; Nigeria; Senegal
Thousands of people are being displaced in inaccessible areas of Borno State as the conflict between Boko Haram and the Nigerian Army continues.
Settlements in inaccessible parts of Borno have been completely destroyed.
Pilot relocations from schools due to take place on 4 February stalled following attack on Dalori village on 30 January.
Feedback from IDPs reveals complex attitudes towards relocations.
people in need 7 m
Since 2015, the Emergency Relief Coordinator has released more than US$58 million from the Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF) for life-saving assistance in response to Boko Haram-related violence. Some $27.2 million was allocated in March 2015 to assist more than 1.6 million internally displaced people, refugees, returnees and host communities from Cameroon, Chad, Niger and Nigeria; and an additional $31 million was provided in late 2015 and early 2016 for live-saving humanitarian response for more than 700,000 affected people in the Lake Chad Basin region.
Aperçu de la Crise
Aperçu de la Crises
Besoins Humanitaire et Chiffres Clé
DES DÉPLACÉS RETOURNENT DANS LA PROVINCE DE L’OUHAM
Environ 3 800 rapatriés volontaires ont été récemment enregistrés dans le village de Kambakota, dans la province de l'Ouham. Ils avaient été contraints de fuir leurs foyers lors d'affrontements entre des groupes armés en décembre 2015. De retour dans leurs villages, ils sont confrontés à des conditions de vie difficiles. Les besoins prioritaires comprennent l’eau potable, les services de santé et l’éducation.
LES ÉLECTIONS PRÉSIDENTIELLES FIXÉES AU 14 FÉVRIER
CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC
IDP RETURNS IN OUHAM PROVINCE
Around 3,800 voluntary returnees were recently registered in Kambakota village in Ouham Province. They had been forced to flee their homes during clashes between armed groups in December 2015. Now back to their villages, they are facing tough living conditions . Priority needs include potable water, health services and education.
PRESIDENTIAL RUN-OFF SET FOR 14 FEBRUARY
(Bamako, 2 February, 2016): – Humanitarian organizations in Mali are seeking to raise 354 million dollars (approximately 200 billion CFA) in 2016 to help people affected by the crisis in the country. These funds are required to implement the third and last component of the 2014-2016 Humanitarian Response Plan developed by humanitarian actors in Mali. In total, 127 projects are planned this year to help one million people, mainly in the Northern and central areas of the country that have been affected by the conflict.
Le Plan de réponse humanitaire (HRP) 2016 s’inscrit dans la stratégie triennale d’action humanitaire lancée au Mali et dans 8 autres pays du Sahel en 2014 avec trois objectifs stratégiques régionaux.
(Bamako, 2 février 2016) – Les organisations humanitaires au Mali cherchent à mobiliser 354 millions de dollars (environ 200 milliards de FCFA) en 2016 pour aider les personnes touchées par la crise au pays. Ces fonds visent à financer la mise en œuvre du troisième et dernier volet du Plan de réponse humanitaire 2014-2016 élaboré par les principaux acteurs humanitaires au Mali. En tout, 127 projets sont prévus cette année pour aider un million de personnes, principalement dans les zones du nord et du centre du pays qui ont été touchées par le conflit.
KEY DRIVERS OF THE CRISIS
Recurring natural disasters such as droughts, floods, combined with volatility of markets, pushed many households and communities into chronic vulnerability.
Conflict in northern Nigeria and CAR continue to displace refugees to Cameroon and causes internal displacements.
Poor coverage of sanitation and access to clean water remain the main causes of malnutrition and water-borne diseases.
Les articles sélectionnés dans cette revue de presse ont pour but d’informer sur la situation humanitaire au Tchad ou sur le contexte général. Cette sélection d'articles ne reflète pas nécessairement la position d’OCHA-Tchad. Merci de tenir compte de cette réserve.
Tchad: la famine guette 10.000 réfugiés et déplacés qui ont fui Boko Haram (Agence Anadolu, 28/01/16)
L’UNICEF lance un appel humanitaire de 2,8 milliards de dollars pour les enfants (UNICEF, 26/01/16)
Currently, the humanitarian response plans and appeals for 2016 are seeking over $19.8 billion to meet the needs of 89.4 million people across 37 countries. The figures may increase in the course of 2016. As of 29 January, $50 million has been received for the appeals.
In January 2015, the UN-coordinated inter-agency appeals required $16.4 billion to meet the needs of 57.5 million people across 22 countries.
The year ended with requirements at $19.9 billion, an increase of $3.5 billion, to meet the needs of 82 million people in 38 countries.
In the Sahel, extreme poverty, fast-growing populations, climate change, recurrent food and nutrition crises, armed conflicts and insecurity are building up to a perfect storm threatening the lives of communities already living on the brink of crisis.
The region is one of the world’s climate change hotspots. Increasingly unpredictable weather patterns, more frequent droughts and floods and land degradation threaten the livelihoods of a population in which the majority relies on agriculture for survival.
$100 million has been approved from the Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF) during the first 2016 underfunded emergencies allocation round to assist 4.5 million people in nine silent and severely underfunded crises. The funds will sustain life-saving relief in emergencies where levels of risk and vulnerability are alarmingly high, but available resources for humanitarian response are critically low.