Grave concerns persist for some 20 million people in the Sahel. Recurrent conflict, erratic weather patterns, epidemics and other shocks continue to weaken the resilience of households across a region still suffering chronic levels of food insecurity and malnutrition.
An estimated 20.4 million people remain food insecure at the start of 2015. At least 2.6 million people have already crossed the crisis threshold, 70 percent of whom are in Niger, Nigeria, Mali and Chad where insecurity and poverty compound food insecurity.
Epidemics continue to demand urgent attention in 2015. Besides cholera, meningitis, Lassa and yellow fever, more recently, Ebola has been posing a serious threat to the Sahel region and has already impacted Mali, Nigeria, and Mali directly.
Beyond the chronic threats of food insecurity, malnutrition and epidemics, violent conflict in and around the Sahel region has led to a surge in population displacement. The region begins 2015 with some 2.8 million people displaced; over a million more than in early 2014. With escalating conflict in northeast Nigeria, an estimated one million people have been internally displaced. Some 150,000 Nigerian refugees have fled to neighbouring Niger, Chad and Cameroon. The volatile security situation in northern Mali continues to have a devastating impact on civilians, hampering the return of refugees, affecting markets and preventing the full restoration of basic services. Some 133,000 Malian refugees remain in Mauritania, Niger and Burkina Faso and more than 80,000 Malians remain internally displaced. As in Nigeria, high levels of insecurity in northern Mali also greatly impact the ability of humanitarians to access those in need. (Sahel: A call for humanitarian aid, 12 Feb 2015)
Appeals & Funding
- Sahel Strategic Response Plan (SRP) 2015 EN/FR
- Humanitarian Needs Overview EN/FR
- 2014-2016 Strategic Response Plans: Sahel Region EN/FR; Burkina Faso; Cameroon; Chad; Gambia; Mali; Mauritania; Niger; Nigeria; Senegal
11 KILLED IN POLICE RAID
On 29 June, 11 people (five police officers and six suspected insurgents) were killed during a police operation against suspected Boko Haram elements in N’Djamena. Police seized several suicide belts and other explosive devices. The operation comes two weeks after twin attacks targeting police offices in the capital killed 34 people. Separately, in a controlled explosion, police destroyed a vehicle laden with explosives in N’Djamena’s central market.
SECURITY MEASURES TIGHTENED AFTER ATTACKS
11 TUÉS DANS UN RAID POLICIER
3,5 millions de personnes sont actuellement déplacées dans le Sahel, soit deux fois plus qu’en février 2014.
Mise à jour sur les déplacements les autres crises au Cameroun.
Une radio communautaire en République Centrafricaine contribue à favoriser l'harmonie dans le pays
L’épidémie d'Ebola déclarée terminée au Libéria
Le village de Yébi situé à environ 4 km de Bosso et à plus de 100 km de Diffa, a été attaqué dans la nuit du 23 au 24 juin par des individus à dos de chevaux. Cette attaque est la deuxième enregistrée dans la région de Diffa1 en une semaine.
The village of Yebi located about 4 km from Bosso and more than 100 km from Diffa town was attacked on the night between 23 and 24 June by individuals who arrived on horses. This attack is the second perpetrated in Diffa within one week.
As one of the world’s least developed and most fragile countries, Chad is beset by multiple, overlapping humanitarian crises, all in the context of a harsh and worsening climate, acute poverty, and weak infrastructure.
Food insecurity and malnutrition affect millions of people, particularly in the Sahelian belt.
Successive waves of instability and conflict in neighboring countries have caused large-scale population movements into Chad, which now hosts the seventh highest number of refugees worldwide.
2014 SAHEL STRATEGY
In 2014, humanitarian action in the Sahel was guided by the 2014-2016 Sahel Regional Strategic Response Plan (SRP), which provides a framework for the coordinated and integrated delivery of assistance to people facing emergencies in Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Chad, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal and The Gambia.
Dans la nuit du 17 au 18 juin, trois villages (Lamana, Boulamare et NGoumao) dans la commune de Gueskérou (à environ 50 km à l’est de Diffa) ont été attaqués simultanément par des insurgés (l’attaque n’a pas encore été revendiquée).
Ces incidents ont fait 38 morts parmi les populations civiles et affecté 1 050 ménages.
Le 19 juin, une mission conjointe d’évaluation rapide a été conduite sur le terrain par les autorités régionales, l’OIM, le HCR, le PAM et l’OCHA.
On the night between 17 to 18 June, three villages (Lamana, Boulamare and NGoumao) in the commune of Gueskerou (about 50 km east of Diffa) were simultaneously attacked by insurgents (the attack has not been claimed).
These incidents caused 38 deaths among the civilian population and affected 1,050 households.
On 19 June, a joint rapid assessment mission was conducted to the field by the regional authorities, IOM, UNHCR, WFP and OCHA.
Information and Feedback Task Team established in Adamawa State
Set-up of information hotline, drafting of mines awareness campaigns, engagement with local government affairs in Adamawa
Focus group discussions by the Task Team launched in IDP camps in Yola
Orientations and capacity-building workshops on humanitarian communications and accountability to affected populations is on-going
RÉPUBLIQUE CENTRAFICAINE (RCA)
DATES ARRÊTÉES POUR LES ÉLECTIONS
L'Autorité nationale des élections (ANE) a annoncé la tenue des élections présidentielle et législatives pour le 18 octobre prochain, et un éventuel second tour le 22 novembre. Le recensement électoral devant durer un mois débutera le 27 juin. Ces élections visent à remettre de l’ordre dans le pays suite à l’expulsion en mars 2013 du président François Bozizé.
LE NOMBRE DE DÉPLACÉS CHUTE EN DESSOUS DE 400 000
CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC (CAR)
DATE SET FOR ELECTIONS
The National Elections Authority announced that presidential and parliamentary elections will be held on 18 October, and a second round, if necessary, on 22 November. A monthlong electoral census will start on 27 June to draw up a new voters roll. The elections are hoped to help restore order following the conflict triggered by the March 2013 ouster of president François Bozizé.
IDP NUMBER DROPS BELOW 400,000
Dakar / Ouagadougou, 22 June 2015: The Permanent Interstate Committee for drought control in the Sahel (CILSS) and several United Nations agencies signed today a two-year strategic partnership agreement to strengthen the resilience of communities in the Sahel that are highly vulnerable to food insecurity and malnutrition.