Substantial humanitarian action will continue to be required in the Sahel in 2014 and beyond. Over 20 million people are projected to be in need of humanitarian assistance, including life-saving food security interventions, protection from conflict and violence, strengthening household and community coping mechanisms and supporting longer-term solutions for internally displaced people (IDPs) and refugees. A dramatic increase in the number of food insecure to 20 million (from 11.3 million in 2013) is expected, driven in particular by a deterioration in the food security situation in Northern Nigeria, Northern Cameroon and Senegal. These three countries represent over 40% of the overall caseload. A three-year (rather than one-year) regional plan has been developed for the Sahel for the first time. The strategy provides a set of ambitious objectives and targets that will require a sustained, multi-year effort to achieve, and that could not be realistically contemplated on a planning horizon of merely 12 months. (2014-2016 Strategic Response Plan Sahel Region)
Appeals & Funding
- 2014-2016 Strategic Response Plans: Sahel Region EN/FR; Burkina Faso; Cameroon; Chad; Gambia; Mali; Mauritania; Niger; Nigeria; Senegal
- Sahel Humanitarian Response Plan 2014 - Guide to Giving
(Addis Ababa/Jeddah/N'Djamena, 21 November 2014): A high-level mission today wrapped up a week-long visit to Chad raising attention for the human suffering and calling for more engagement of the international community in the Central African Country.
Mali is still facing a complex humanitarian crisis. Despite continued progress in the political stabilization and in the restoration of the State authority and of administrative and public services in conflict-affected regions, the context remains marked by security incidents recorded in the North.
MICHEL KAFANDO CHOSEN AS INTERIM PRESIDENT
On 18 November, Michel Kafando, was sworn in as Burkina Faso’s interim President. In compliance to the Charter of the Transition signed on 16 November, Mr. Kafando, a former Foreign Minister and diplomat has been chosen to oversee a one-year transition back to civilian rule in Burkina Faso.
(New York, 14 November 2014): Addressing the media today following a three-day visit to Mali last week, the Emergency Directors of three humanitarian agencies, John Ging of OCHA, Afshan Khan of UNICEF, and Mabingue Ngom of UNFPA, said that Mali is at a crucial crossroads and that failure to act now to meet humanitarian needs may jeopardise the prospects for peace and stability in the country.
REVISED REQUIREMENT 305 millions
FUNDING (1) 187 millions
UNMET REQUIREMENT 118 millions
(New York, 14 Novembre 2014): Les Directeurs des programmes d’urgence de trois agences humanitaires – John Ging d’OCHA, Afshan Khan d’UNICEF, et Mabingue Ngom de l’UNFPA – ont souligné que le Mali est à la croisée des chemins et que l’absence d’une réponse immédiate aux besoins humanitaires pourraient mettre en péril les perspectives de paix et de stabilité au pays. Les trois Directeurs ont tenu ces propos lors d’une allocution devant la presse à New York, alors qu’ils rentraient d’une mission de trois jours au Mali effectuée la semaine précédente.
Au regard de l’analyse des besoins humanitaires réalisée par l’ensemble de la communauté humanitaire, les objectifs stratégiques retenus dans le cadre de ce plan de réponse sont les suivants :
Recueillir les données sur les risques et les vulnérabilités, les analyser et intégrer les résultats dans la programmation humanitaire et de développement.
KEY DRIVERS OF THE CRISIS
Food insecurity and overall vulnerability are results of recurring natural hazards (droughts, floods), increasing food prices and overall scarcity of resources.
The country continues to host Malian refugees; their returns are contingent on restoring peace and security in Northern Mali.
Weak access to water and hygiene aggravates the spread of epidemics (Rift Valley fever, cholera and meningitis), particularly during the rainy season.
KEY DRIVERS OF THE CRISIS
Food insecurity aggravated by 2013 poor agricultural production in the Sahel.
Refugee influxes and returns of Chadians due to on-going conflicts in neighboring CAR, Libya, Nigeria, and Sudan (security volatility around Chad).
Lack of qualified medical staff (only 400 doctors for 11.8 million people), poor sanitation and access to clean water and basic services.