Sahel Crisis: 2011-2017Ongoing
In the Sahel, extreme poverty, climate change, armed conflict and insecurity continue to threaten the lives of millions already living on the brink. These interdependent drivers are behind the staggering levels of structural, chronic and acute vulnerability present in the region. Where the chronic seasonal cycle is broken, progress and success can be seen. Where conflict hits, hard-won gains are quickly lost and new challenges appear.
Communities across the region remain highly vulnerable. In 2017, around 30 million people are expected to face food insecurity, and almost 12 million of them at crisis and emergency levels. Pockets of pasture deficits have been observed in certain areas of Chad, Mali, Mauritania and Niger, and risks of locusts have been identified in Mauritania and neighboring areas. The situation of people living in the conflict-affected regions of Mali and the Lake Chad Basin, is particularity critical.
In 2017, in the more stable regions of the Sahel such as Burkina Faso, Mauritania and Senegal, where needs are driven by chronic vulnerability, humanitarian action has been fully aligned with resilience and development frameworks.
Lake Chad Basin: The scale of suffering remains huge and is expected to grow: around 11 million people will require assistance in 2017. Humanitarian partners have requested US$1.5 billion to provide aid to 8.2 million people. While the response strategy focuses us on providing emergency, life-saving assistance, humanitarian actors are also calling for a collaborative approach to help address the deeper causes of the Lake Chad Basin crisis that include abject poverty, the impact of climate change, rapid population growth and under-investment in social services. At the Oslo conference on 24 Feb 2017, 14 donors pledged $458 million for relief in 2017 and an additional $214 million was announced for 2018 and beyond. (OCHA, 24 Feb 2017)
Mali: Needs remain high with more than 3.5 million people being food insecure and some 852,000 people in need of nutrition assistance. More than 37,000 people remain internally displaced. The majority of those in need of assistance are in Mali’s northern region. In April 2017, the Humanitarian Response Plan for 2017 for $293 million was only 11.6% funded. OCHA warned of destabilizing consequences, as the humanitarian situation is quickly deteriorating as a direct result of the conflict. (OCHA, 28 Apr 2017)
For 2017, the humanitarian community will require US$ 2.66 billion to help 15 million people, across 8 countries. (OCHA, 7 Dec 2016)
As of 28 July 2017, the humanitarian response plan for West and Central Africa was 33% funded. (OCHA, 28 July 2017)
Appeals & Funding
- Sahel 2017 | Overview of humanitarian needs and requirements EN/FR
- Sahel 2016 | Rapport de suivi périodique (Octobre-Decembre)
The security situation in south-eastern Niger remains a challenge for humanitarian actors. According to the government, nine young men were killed, one injured while, for the first time, 37 minors including 26 girls and 11 boys were kidnaped together following an attack perpetrated by alleged Boko Haram members in Ngalewa village, located at 7 km East of Kablewa town in Nguigmi Department, on 2th of July. As of 10 May, more than 247, 000 people were still displaced in the Diffa region.
Persistent instability in northern Mali, Boko Haram-related violence and insecurity in north-east Nigeria, and the impact of the conflict in the neighbouring Central African Republic continue to cause massive population displacements and hinder the return of displaced people to their homes. More than five million people across the Sahel region are facing the consequences of forced displacement.
The security situation in south-eastern Niger remains a challenge for humanitarian actors. A slight increase in the number of attacks involving Boko Haram in the region has been observed with a total of nine attacks reported in May compared to six in April. Humanitarian access is sometimes limited along the Komadougou River following attacks or during military interventions. As of 31 May, more than 247, 000 people were still displaced in the Diffa region while 5,440 displaced people have returned to Bosso according to the regional authorities.