In the Sahel, extreme poverty, climate change, armed conflict and insecurity continue to threaten the lives of millions already living on the brink. These interdependent drivers are behind the staggering levels of structural, chronic and acute vulnerability present in the region. Where the chronic seasonal cycle is broken, progress and success can be seen. Where conflict hits, hard-won gains are quickly lost and new challenges appear...Communities across the region remain highly vulnerable. In 2017, around 30 million people are expected to face food insecurity, and almost 12 million of them at crisis and emergency levels. Pockets of pasture deficits have been observed in certain areas of Chad, Mali, Mauritania and Niger, and risks of locusts have been identified in Mauritania and neighboring areas. The situation of people living in the conflict-affected regions of Mali and the Lake Chad Basin, is particularity critical...In 2017, in the more stable regions of the Sahel such as Burkina Faso, Mauritania and Senegal, where needs are driven by chronic vulnerability, humanitarian action has been fully aligned with resilience and development frameworks.
Lake Chad BasinThe scale of suffering remains huge and is expected to grow: around 11 million people will require assistance in 2017. Humanitarian partners have requested US$1.5 billion to provide aid to 8.2 million people. While the response strategy focuses us on providing emergency, life-saving assistance, humanitarian actors are also calling for a collaborative approach to help address the deeper causes of the Lake Chad Basin crisis that include abject poverty, the impact of climate change, rapid population growth and underinvestment in social services.
Mali: Needs remain high with more than 3.5 million people being food insecure and some 852,000 people in need of nutrition assistance. More than 37,000 people remain internally displaced. The majority of those in need of assistance are in Mali’s northern region. .
For 2017, the humanitarian community will require US$ 2.66 billion to help 15 million people, across 8 countries. (OCHA, 7 Dec 2016)
Appeals & Funding
Over 20 million people across the Lake Chad Basin are in need of humanitarian assistance. Since 2014, the Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF) has allocated $144 million for urgent aid to people affected by conflict and deepening food crisis. More than one third of the allocations supported humanitarian operations in Nigeria helping displaced people and vulnerable host communities. The Nigeria Humanitarian Fund (NHF) will further bolster the response by making funds directly available to a wide range of relief partners, including NGOs.
2016 saw a significant scale-up in the response across the worst-hit areas of the Lake Chad region. Owing to the support of donors and collective efforts by Governments, UN agencies and non-governmental organisations, children were rescued from malnutrition, vaccinated against life-threatening diseases and able to access education. Families on the move were sheltered and provided with help. Communities were assisted with food or livelihoods to avoid hunger.
ACROSS THE LAKE CHAD REGION
More than 20 million people in North-East Nigeria, South Sudan, Somalia and Yemen are facing famine or a credible risk of famine over the coming six months. With access to people in need and sufficient funding, the United Nations and its partners can avert famine and provide the necessary relief and support where famine already exists.
More than 20 million people in North-East Nigeria, South Sudan, Somalia and Yemen are facing famine or a credible risk of famine over the coming six months.
With access to people in need and sufficient funding, the United Nations and its partners can avert famine and provide the necessary relief and support where famine already exists.
To avert a humanitarian catastrophe in the four countries over the coming months, the United Nations and its partners will continue to scale up humanitarian operations.
La crise humanitaire en cours dans le Bassin du Lac Tchad et, au Tchad, dans la région du Lac, a été largement négligée en 2016. Elle a atteint des proportions graves qui nécessitent une réponse immédiate et forte. L'Allemagne, le Nigeria, la Norvège et les Nations Unies ont décidé d'organiser une Conférence humanitaire à Oslo sur le Nigéria et la région du Lac Tchad. L'urgence de la situation exige une action rapide et décisive pour fournir une aide humanitaire aux personnes dans le besoin et prévenir une crise prolongée.
Maiduguri, Borno State Nigeria, 15 February 2017. Representatives of 12 donor countries and agencies completed a three-day mission to Borno State, northeast Nigeria, hosted by the UN Organisation for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA).
KEY DRIVERS OF THE CRISIS
Recurring natural disasters such as droughts and floods, combined with the volatility of markets, pushed many households and communities into chronic vulnerability.
Conflict in northern Nigeria and CAR has led to an influx of refugees in Cameroon and caused internal displacements. In addition, increasing insecurity in the Far North Region and along the border of CAR hampers humanitarian access.
Poor coverage of sanitation and access to clean water remain the main causes of malnutrition and water-borne diseases.
AGGRAVATION DE LA SITUATION À BAMBARI
CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC
WORSENING SITUATION IN BAMBARI
Over recent months, thousands of people who had been forced to flee their homes by Boko Haram-related violence, have been attempting to return home. But many do not make it because the threat of renewed attacks remains too high, or they discover that their houses and all their possessions have been destroyed. As a result, some try to start anew in small towns nearby, with little to nothing to live on, and desperate for work opportunities. We visited some of these communities to document people's experiences.
At least 14,827 people were displaced due to military activity between 27 January and 10 February 2017, a further 300 were displaced because of attacks by armed groups.
The risk of famine will remain high in Nigeria’s northeast over the coming year, according to the Famine Early Warning Systems Network (FEWSNET).
Almost 3 million children, aged 6 months to 10 years, were vaccinated in the recent national vaccination campaign against measles in Adamawa, Borno and Yobe states.
De nouveaux déplacements de populations enregistrés dans le nord du pays
Accès humanitaire : 68 incidents enregistrés en 2016
Les enfants sont les plus touchés par les mines et autres explosifs de guerre
Augmentation du nombre de cas rapportés de violences basées sur le genre
Nb. de PDI (rapport CMP, 31déc. 2016) 36 690
Nb. de réfugiés dans les pays voisins (rapport CMP, 31déc. 2016) 138 811
New displacements registered in the north of the country
Humanitarian access: 68 incidents recorded in 2016
Children are the most affected by mines and explosive remnants of war
Increase in the number of reported cases of genderbased violence
Nearly 2000 new displacements due to conflicts in the north
Maiduguri/Abuja, 21 February 2017: As relief organizations increase response to the humanitarian emergency in the north-east of Nigeria, timely donor support is required to sustain life-saving assistance to millions people devastated by Boko Haram-linked violence.
BESOINS HUMANITAIRES ET CHIFFRES CLÉ
The security situation in south-eastern Niger continues to deteriorate due to repeated attacks by Boko Haram. Since the first Boko Haram attack on the Nigerien territory in February 2015 to date, several other incursions have been reported in the region.
These attacks have caused the displacement of thousands of people. As a consequence, the humanitarian needs in the region have increased, in a context characterized by limited resources for an adequate response and by localized access challenges.
Plus d’1,5 million de personnes ont été assistées par la communauté humanitaire au Tchad en 2016.
Près de 600 000 personnes, étaient en situation de déplacement à l’ouest, au sud et à l’est du Tchad à la fin 2016.
En 2016, plus de 3,7 millions de personnes ont été touchées par l’insécurité alimentaire dont plus d’un million en insécurité alimentaire sévère.
Malgré de multiples défis, plus d’1,5 million de personnes assistées en 2016