Grave concerns persist for some 20 million people in the Sahel. Recurrent conflict, erratic weather patterns, epidemics and other shocks continue to weaken the resilience of households across a region still suffering chronic levels of food insecurity and malnutrition.
An estimated 20.4 million people remain food insecure at the start of 2015. At least 2.6 million people have already crossed the crisis threshold, 70 percent of whom are in Niger, Nigeria, Mali and Chad where insecurity and poverty compound food insecurity.
Epidemics continue to demand urgent attention in 2015. Besides cholera, meningitis, Lassa and yellow fever, more recently, Ebola has been posing a serious threat to the Sahel region and has already impacted Mali, Nigeria, and Mali directly.
Beyond the chronic threats of food insecurity, malnutrition and epidemics, violent conflict in and around the Sahel region has led to a surge in population displacement. The region begins 2015 with some 2.8 million people displaced; over a million more than in early 2014. With escalating conflict in northeast Nigeria, an estimated one million people have been internally displaced. Some 150,000 Nigerian refugees have fled to neighbouring Niger, Chad and Cameroon. The volatile security situation in northern Mali continues to have a devastating impact on civilians, hampering the return of refugees, affecting markets and preventing the full restoration of basic services. Some 133,000 Malian refugees remain in Mauritania, Niger and Burkina Faso and more than 80,000 Malians remain internally displaced. As in Nigeria, high levels of insecurity in northern Mali also greatly impact the ability of humanitarians to access those in need. (Sahel: A call for humanitarian aid, 12 Feb 2015)
Due to the ongoing crisis in the Lake Chad Basin, Chad is now the seventh largest refugee-hosting country in the world with over 750,000 displaced persons, the majority of whom are refugees or Chadian returnees who fled from the Central African Republic, Libya, Nigeria, and Sudan. At the end of August, the Regional Humanitarian Coordinator for the Sahel called on the international community to ramp up its support in response to the multi-faceted humanitarian challenges affecting the country. (OCHA, 27 Aug 2015)
As of 20 November 2015, the Strategic Response Plan for the Sahel was 41% funded. (OCHA, 20 Nov 2015)
Appeals & Funding
- Sahel Strategic Response Plan (SRP) 2015 EN/FR
- Humanitarian Needs Overview EN/FR
- 2014-2016 Strategic Response Plans: Sahel Region EN/FR; Burkina Faso; Cameroon; Chad; Gambia; Mali; Mauritania; Niger; Nigeria; Senegal
Missing Migrants Project tracks deaths of migrants along migratory routes across the globe. This map shows the different paths with a focus on Niger. #MissingMigrants.
Since May 2013, Southeastern Niger (Diffa region) has witnessed an influx of tens of thousands displaced persons from Northern Nigeria following the declaration of the state of emergency in Borno, Yobe and Adamawa States in Nigeria on 14 May 2013. The displaced population is seeking shelter in the families and villages of Niger. In December 2014, due to the violent attacks by insurgents in Bosso and the lake chad region, the increased influx gave precedence to construct the Keblewa camp.The camp has a capacity to host 10,000 people extendable to 20,000.
L’instabilité au nord-est du Nigéria a (entrainé le déplacement de plus de 212 000 personnes du Nigéria vers la région de Diffa au Niger et à l’intérieur de la dite région. La majorité des personnes déplacées DÉPLACÉS INTERNES (PDI) ont quitté leurs localités d’origine en abandonnant leurs moyens de subsistance et se retrouvent dans une situation de vulnérabilité. La présence des personnes déplacées accentuent la vulnérabilité des communautés hôtes, elles-mêmes confrontées à des défis tels que l’insécurité alimentaire, la malnutrition et l’accès limité aux services sociaux de base.
2.2 million Nigerians are internally displaced in ten states in the northern and central parts of Nigeria, according to Round VI of the Displacement Tracking Matrix. 91% of the total number of internally displaced people (IDPs) are living in the North-East. The main reason for displacement cited by 89% of the IDPs is the conflict. Furthermore, more than 177,000 Nigerians have escaped the conflict to neighbouring countries.
Millions of vulnerable households globally could face increased hunger and poverty due to droughts and floods as a result of a climatic occurrence: El Niño. This phenomenon is not an individual weather event but a climate pattern which occurs every two to seven years and lasts 9 to 12 months. Typically, this climatic condition develops during April-June and reaches maximum strength during December-February; this event could be the most powerful on record (Earth Institute 2015).
ÉPIDÉMIE DE CHOLÉRA DANS LE NORD
Une épidémie de choléra a débuté dans la région du nord du Cameroun. Au cours du dernier mois, 36 cas ont été signalés, 30 d'entre eux traités. Aucun décès n'a été noté jusqu'ici. Des mesures médicales préventives, le traitement ainsi que la sensibilisation de la population sont en cours.
RÉPUBLIQUE CENTRAFRICAINE (RCA)
SEPT TUÉS DANS DES AFFRONTEMENTS
CHOLERA OUTBREAK IN NORTH REGION
A cholera outbreak has erupted in North region. Over the past month, 36 cases have been reported, 30 of them treated. No fatalities have been recorded so far. Preventive medical measures, treatment as well as population sensitization are ongoing.