150 million people across the Sahel face immense challenges. These include violent extremism, climate change and abject poverty, and a fourth – the demographic explosion that will see the region’s population double in the next twenty years – exacerbates the situation still further.
Across the Sahel more than 30 million people struggle with food insecurity; one in five children under the age of five suffers from acute malnutrition; 4.9 million people have fled their homes.
Ongoing instability and violence in Cameroon, Chad, Mali, Niger and Nigeria exacerbate existing vulnerabilities and continue to displace people.
In countries that are not affected by active conflict, the absence of violence coincided with two relatively good rainy seasons. This has allowed communities to recover from previous shocks and become more resilient. Burkina Faso, Mauritania and Senegal.
In Mali, where a fragile political agreement is in place, the humanitarian situation is stable but remains extremely preoccupying. Some 3.7 million people in Mali, and 135,000 who have sought refuge in Burkina Faso, Mauritania and Niger, still need humanitarian assistance.
In the Lake Chad Basin Boko Haram attacks continue and the scale of suffering is extremely high. Around 11 million people will require emergency relief in 2017. Seven million people – one in three families –and almost half a million children are acutely malnourished and require food.
For 2017, the humanitarian community will require US$ 2.66 billion to help 15 million people, across 8 countries. (OCHA, 7 Dec 2016)
In Nigeria, a recent analysis indicates that at least 2,000 famine-related deaths may have occurred in Bama LGA between January and September 2016, many of them young children. While assistance has improved conditions in accessible areas of Borno State, a famine may be ongoing in inaccessible areas where conditions could be similar to those observed in Bama LGA earlier this year. (FEWSNet, 13 Dec 2016)
As of 13 January 2017, the Humanitarian Response Plan was 50% funded. (OCHA, 13 Jan 2017)
Appeals & Funding
- Sahel Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP) 2016 EN/FR
- Humanitarian Needs Overview EN/FR
The country office was continuously involved in the monitoring of the post-election context in Gambia with the humanitarian country team and the food security working group.
The R4 Rural Resilience Initiative staff from the country office, the resilience unit of WFP West Africa regional office and the sub-office of Tambacounda joined forces to carry out a training for trainers and a community-based participatory planning exercise in villages of Tambacounda region.
WFP attended the World Economic Forum in Davos and launched the Healthy Not Hungry campaign to accelerate progress to SDG 2 — Zero Hunger, and SDG 3 — Good Health and Well-Being. On the fringes of the event in Davos, a special “satellite event” was organized in Dori (Sahel region) on 12 January.
The Zero Hunger Review started in Burkina Faso while awaiting the official launch by the Government. The Review will lay the groundwork for designing WFP’s Country Strategic Plan.
The Executive Director of the World Food Programme (WFP), Ertharin Cousin and the UN High Commissioner for Refugees, Filippo Grandi, are very concerned that critical shortages in food assistance are affecting some 2 million refugees in 10 countries across Africa.
The shortages could worsen in coming months without new resources to meet food needs.
1.9 m people displaced, of which 1.5 million in Borno and 0.11 million in Yobe States (IOM Displacement Tracking Matrix, January 2017)
4.4 m people food insecure in Borno and Yobe States (Phases 3, 4 & 5 Cadre Harmonisé, October 2016)
IDP caseload in Nigeria’s Borno State increases by 135,290 people between December 2016 and January 2017
Recent report highlights that populations in northeastern Nigeria continue to face severe protection risks
Humanitarian support likely preventing deterioration in food security in Niger’s Diffa Region; further assistance required
Ce document passe en revue quelques unes de nos activités en 2016 en mettant en avant l'impact sur certains de nos bénéficiaires.
Au sommaire :
Keniéroba : quand les détenus contribuent à l'amélioration de leur alimentation
Le périmètre irrigué villageois (PIV), une technique de production rizicole soutenue par le CICR
Mohamed Ag Ibrahim* retrouve sa famille et l'espoir d'un avenir prometteur
Kidal : le CICR s'efforce de subvenir aux besoins primaires de la population
Medical teams supported by WHO set up mobile clinics in hard to access areas of north-eastern Nigeria. The teams are called “hard-to-reach” teams (HTR) because their mission is to reach remote and insecure areas to provide urgently needed care to populations deprived of essential health services. The 8-year conflict has caused widespread forced displacement and acute food and nutrition insecurity. Large areas of Borno state, the most-affected state, remain inaccessible to humanitarian assistance.
BESOINS HUMANITAIRES ET CHIFFRES CLÉ
A violent eight-year conflict originating in Nigeria has intensified in the last four years and spread across borders into Niger, Chad and Cameroon, resulting in Africa’s biggest humanitarian and protection crisis.
The attackers detonated their bombs near a refugee camp, outside which crowds were gathering around trucks before trying to return home
MAIDUGURI, Nigeria, Feb 17 (Reuters) - Seven suspected Boko Haram militants blew themselves on the outskirts of a northeast Nigerian city on Friday, a local aid agency said, in an attack witnesses said targeted refugees preparing to return to their home villages.
Read more on Thomson Reuters Foundation
In 2011, Somalia suffered a famine that killed 260,000 people. The famine was declared in July, but most people had already died by May
By Tom Miles
GENEVA, Feb 16 (Reuters) - More than 20 million people - greater than the population of Romania or Florida - risk dying from starvation within six months in four separate famines, U.N. World Food Programme chief economist Arif Husain says.
90,000 of severely malnourished children in northeast Nigeria could starve to death this year - or almost 250 a day
By Kieran Guilbert
MAIDUGURI, Nigeria, Feb 16 (Thomson Reuters Foundation) - Slumped in his mother's lap in a health clinic in northeast Nigeria, three-year-old Hassan was too drained to cry or protest as the nurse wrapped a tape measure tightly around his arm.
Never before have so many people had to flee their homes as in 2016: more than 65 million refugees and internally displaced persons around the world fled from crises, violence and natural disasters. Africa is a particular focus of Germany’s humanitarian assistance, alongside the huge humanitarian crisis in Syria and its neighbouring countries.
Plus d’1,5 million de personnes ont été assistées par la communauté humanitaire au Tchad en 2016.
Près de 600 000 personnes, étaient en situation de déplacement à l’ouest, au sud et à l’est du Tchad à la fin 2016.
En 2016, plus de 3,7 millions de personnes ont été touchées par l’insécurité alimentaire dont plus d’un million en insécurité alimentaire sévère.
Malgré de multiples défis, plus d’1,5 million de personnes assistées en 2016
PROJECTED FOOD ASSISTANCE NEEDS FOR AUGUST 2017
209.1 M required for 2017
2.6 M contributions received, representing 1% of requirements
206.5 M funding gap for the Central African Republic Situation
All figures displayed in USD