Grave concerns persist for some 20 million people in the Sahel. Recurrent conflict, erratic weather patterns, epidemics and other shocks continue to weaken the resilience of households across a region still suffering chronic levels of food insecurity and malnutrition.
An estimated 20.4 million people remain food insecure at the start of 2015. At least 2.6 million people have already crossed the crisis threshold, 70 percent of whom are in Niger, Nigeria, Mali and Chad where insecurity and poverty compound food insecurity.
Epidemics continue to demand urgent attention in 2015. Besides cholera, meningitis, Lassa and yellow fever, more recently, Ebola has been posing a serious threat to the Sahel region and has already impacted Mali, Nigeria, and Mali directly.
Beyond the chronic threats of food insecurity, malnutrition and epidemics, violent conflict in and around the Sahel region has led to a surge in population displacement. The region begins 2015 with some 2.8 million people displaced; over a million more than in early 2014. With escalating conflict in northeast Nigeria, an estimated one million people have been internally displaced. Some 150,000 Nigerian refugees have fled to neighbouring Niger, Chad and Cameroon. The volatile security situation in northern Mali continues to have a devastating impact on civilians, hampering the return of refugees, affecting markets and preventing the full restoration of basic services. Some 133,000 Malian refugees remain in Mauritania, Niger and Burkina Faso and more than 80,000 Malians remain internally displaced. As in Nigeria, high levels of insecurity in northern Mali also greatly impact the ability of humanitarians to access those in need. (Sahel: A call for humanitarian aid, 12 Feb 2015)
Due to the ongoing crisis in the Lake Chad Basin, Chad is now the seventh largest refugee-hosting country in the world with over 750,000 displaced persons, the majority of whom are refugees or Chadian returnees who fled from the Central African Republic, Libya, Nigeria, and Sudan. At the end of August, the Regional Humanitarian Coordinator for the Sahel called on the international community to ramp up its support in response to the multi-faceted humanitarian challenges affecting the country. (OCHA, 27 Aug 2015)
On 9 December 2015, United Nations agencies and partners launched the Sahel humanitarian appeal for 2016. The regional plan calls for US$1.98 billion to provide vital assistance to millions of people affected by crises in nine countries across Africa’s Sahel region. (OCHA, 9 Dec 2015)
As of 28 November 2016, the Humanitarian Response Plan for the Sahel was 41% funded. (OCHA, 28 Nov 2016)
Appeals & Funding
- Sahel 2016 | Rapport de suivi périodique numéro 2 (Janvier - Juin)
- Sahel Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP) 2016 EN/FR
- Humanitarian Needs Overview EN/FR
- 2014-2016 Strategic Response Plans: Sahel Region EN/FR; Burkina Faso; Cameroon; Chad; Gambia; Mali; Mauritania; Niger; Nigeria; Senegal
WFP is extending the regional EMOP 200777 until December 2017, increasing the number of targeted people in Nigeria in 2017 to 1.8 million. Assistance will be delivered through cash-based transfers and in-kind food assistance.
While an increasing amount of territory has become accessible, suicide bombings and attacks against civilians persisted during the reporting period. Violence in the northeast has caused massive displacement and at the same time restricted movement, disrupting food supplies, hindering access to basic services, and limiting agricultural activities. People affected by violence in Adamawa, Borno, and Yobe, and neighbouring Bauchi, Taraba, and Gombe States are in urgent need of life-saving humanitarian assistance.
The Emergency Telecommunications Sector (ETS) was officially activated in North-East Nigeria on 23 October.
Initial funding has been received from the Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency (SIDA) which the ETS has used to purchase security telecommunications and Internet connectivity equipment.
Regular Local and Global ETS Nigeria meetings are being held to identify gaps, challenges and activities, and to ensure a coordinated response.
La situation sécuritaire reste volatile sur les régions nord et centre du pays. La criminalité et le terrorisme constituent des menaces réelles contre les populations. A noter aussi la persistance des braquages ciblant aussi bien les humanitaires que les convois commerciaux. Au 30 septembre, le Plan de Réponse Humanitaire (HRP Mali) n’était financé qu’à 29%.
The Climate Change and African Political Stability Program is a multi-year research program based at the Robert S. Strauss Center for International Security and Law at the University of Texas at Austin, partnered with the College of William and Mary, Trinity College Dublin, and University of North Texas. CCAPS analyzes how climate change, conflict, governance, and aid intersect to impact African and international security.
La situation sécuritaire dans la région de l’Extrême-Nord a été marquée, dans la nuit du 1er au 02 Décembre, par une attaque des combattants de Boko Haram repoussée par la Force Mixte Multinationale(FMM) dans le village Ardori dans le Département du Mayo Sava. Les forces de défense camerounaises et la Force Mixte Multinationale(FMM) continuent de mener des opérations coordonnées et un grand déploiement des forces de l’ordre est observé en vue de sécuriser la région en cette période de fêtes de fin d’année.
APERÇU DE LA SITUATION
Turkmen fleeing Tal Afar are stranded near Peshmerga-held territory as PMUs have blocked roads to Syria, where over 3,000 Iraqis have fled since 17 October. In Mosul 300,000 children and their families have lost access to clean water as a pipeline has been destroyed. IS presence is preventing access to repair the damage.
PROLONGED STRIKE HURTING EDUCATION
A teachers strike since September due to non-payment of salaries continues to affect access to education throughout the country. In the eastern Ouaddai region, for instance, only around a quarter of the 365 schools are currently functioning. However, 90 per cent of them are private. As a result, parents in some localities have mobilized to recruit community teachers, but there are concerns about the quality of education provided by these teachers.
LA GRÈVE PROLONGÉE NUIT À L’ÉDUCATION
Faits saillants :
Riposte à l’épidémie de Rougeole dans le DS de Mora toujours attendue;
Poursuite de la riposte aux cas de PVS de Borno au Nigéria
Vingt-neuf décès dus à une consommation d’alcool de fabrication traditionnelle à l’Est du Cameroun
ÉPIDÉMIES ENREGISTRÉES DANS LE PAYS
EPIDEMIES DE ROUGEOLE
Une seule épidémie de rougeole est en cours dans le district de santé (DS) de Mora, dans la région de l’Extrême Nord.
A humanitarian catastrophe is unfolding. Northeast Nigeria is currently facing one of the worst humanitarian crises on the African continent. Nearly 400,000 children are severely malnourished, which is life-threatening without treatment and nearly 3 million conflict affected children are in need of education humanitarian assistance.
Lorsqu’une communauté est frappée par une catastrophe ou lorsqu’une crise survient, il faut réagir vite a fin de protéger ses moyens d’existence. Quand ceux-ci sont principalement agricoles, ce qui est le cas de 70 à 80 pour cent des personnes dans les pays en développement, c’est alors la survie même des populations qui est en jeu.
The Lake Chad Basin millions of people are facing one of the largest humanitarian crises. Since 2009 violence perpetrated by the Nigerian extremist group Boko Haram in Central and West Africa have never ended and attacks against local population became too usual.
The crisis became complex and unprecedented and today the humanitarian assistance is difficult and for this reason more necessary: food insecurity, loss of homes, weak infrastructure, limited resources, especially for hundreds of thousands people remain trapped by the conflict without access to humanitarian assistance.
Millions go hungry in Nigeria, as its people are fleeing violence and suffering under the inflation of food prices.
Saleh stands in line for his monthly food basket, battling the harmattan season of dust and dry heat. He has a family of 12 to feed and food assistance is critical.
“I used to be a pastoral and grain farmer, I had land in Gwoza. The violence changed everything,” he says.
“They burnt our huts”
Cash-strapped Chad is hosting tens of thousands of people made homeless by the insurgency
Story by Ashley Hamer
BAGA SOLA, 5 December 2016
Ali Mboudou was at home with his children one night in late 2015 when Boko Haram militants entered his village. They came in trucks and on foot from many directions, heavily armed.