Grave concerns persist for some 20 million people in the Sahel. Recurrent conflict, erratic weather patterns, epidemics and other shocks continue to weaken the resilience of households across a region still suffering chronic levels of food insecurity and malnutrition.
An estimated 20.4 million people remain food insecure at the start of 2015. At least 2.6 million people have already crossed the crisis threshold, 70 percent of whom are in Niger, Nigeria, Mali and Chad where insecurity and poverty compound food insecurity.
Epidemics continue to demand urgent attention in 2015. Besides cholera, meningitis, Lassa and yellow fever, more recently, Ebola has been posing a serious threat to the Sahel region and has already impacted Mali, Nigeria, and Mali directly.
Beyond the chronic threats of food insecurity, malnutrition and epidemics, violent conflict in and around the Sahel region has led to a surge in population displacement. The region begins 2015 with some 2.8 million people displaced; over a million more than in early 2014. With escalating conflict in northeast Nigeria, an estimated one million people have been internally displaced. Some 150,000 Nigerian refugees have fled to neighbouring Niger, Chad and Cameroon. The volatile security situation in northern Mali continues to have a devastating impact on civilians, hampering the return of refugees, affecting markets and preventing the full restoration of basic services. Some 133,000 Malian refugees remain in Mauritania, Niger and Burkina Faso and more than 80,000 Malians remain internally displaced. As in Nigeria, high levels of insecurity in northern Mali also greatly impact the ability of humanitarians to access those in need. (Sahel: A call for humanitarian aid, 12 Feb 2015)
Due to the ongoing crisis in the Lake Chad Basin, Chad is now the seventh largest refugee-hosting country in the world with over 750,000 displaced persons, the majority of whom are refugees or Chadian returnees who fled from the Central African Republic, Libya, Nigeria, and Sudan. At the end of August, the Regional Humanitarian Coordinator for the Sahel called on the international community to ramp up its support in response to the multi-faceted humanitarian challenges affecting the country. (OCHA, 27 Aug 2015)
On 9 December 2015, United Nations agencies and partners launched the Sahel humanitarian appeal for 2016. The regional plan calls for US$1.98 billion to provide vital assistance to millions of people affected by crises in nine countries across Africa’s Sahel region. (OCHA, 9 Dec 2015)
As of 6 May 2016, the Humanitarian Response Plan for the Sahel was 15% funded. (OCHA, 6 May 2016
Appeals & Funding
- Sahel Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP) 2016 EN/FR
- Humanitarian Needs Overview EN/FR
- 2014-2016 Strategic Response Plans: Sahel Region EN/FR; Burkina Faso; Cameroon; Chad; Gambia; Mali; Mauritania; Niger; Nigeria; Senegal
Ellen Margrethe Løj
Special Representative of the Secretary-General United Nations Mission in South Sudan
Speech at the International Peacekeepers’ Day 29 May 2015 (10:00 – 11:30)
Honourable Minister of Humanitarian Affairs and Disaster Management, Hon. Hussein Mar Nyuot;
Deputy Chairman of the Joint Monitoring and Evaluation Commission,
Lt. General Augostino Njorge Distinguished government officials;
Members of the diplomatic community;
Dear UN colleagues;
N’DJAMENA – New data on food security in the Sahelian belt of Chad shows half the population - around two million people - face hunger and more than a quarter of these people are severely food insecure, needing external assistance to meet their minimum daily food needs, the UN World Food Programme (WFP) said today.
UNHCR assessed the needs of newly displaced populations following the recent violence in Koui and Bocaranga, in the northwest of the Central African Republic, forcing more than 14,000 people to flee their homes;
In Chad, UNHCR and WFP conducted a joint assessment mission to evaluate food and nutrition security conditions of CAR refugees in camps;
In Cameroon, UNHCR’s return intention survey shows that 73 per cent of refugees do not intend to return to CAR under current conditions;
2,155,618 IDPs* in Nigeria *1.8 million displaced by the insurgency (NEMA/IOM DTM Report, Round IX, April 2016)
210,591 Total number of Nigerian refugees in neighboring countries as of 30 April
USD 93.5 million UNHCR requirements for the Nigeria situation Gap 82% Funded 18%
Nigeria Work with stakeholders to scale up presence in the north-east in light of increasing returns from Cameroon
Niger Register all new arrivals in Kabelawa and Sayam Forage Camps
29 mai 2016 – L'ONU a condamné dimanche une attaque meurtrière survenue dans la matinée dans le centre du Mali, au cours de laquelle cinq Casques bleus de la Mission multidimensionnelle intégrée des Nations Unies pour la stabilisation dans le pays (MINUSMA) ont trouvé la mort et un sixième a été grièvement blessé.
Niger comes third in the countries aided by Rohama Qatar delegation
Nasser Al Megheiseb: What distinguishes Rohama initiative is that it focuses on the developmental aspect of the regions it aids.
Supported by QC, the delegation of Rohama initiative finished its exploratory trip to Niger so as to check upon the Nigerians and to aid 400 families that suffer from poverty. The delegation provided the villages and orphanages with some food supplies and basic needs.
29 May 2016 – Five United Nations peacekeepers were killed in an ambush in central Mali earlier today, with another 'blue helmet' seriously injured, according to preliminary information reported by the country's UN mission, which deplored the “heinous act of terrorism” as all the more shocking because it occurred on the day set aside for the global community to honour UN peacekeepers.
2.2 million people displaced
2.5 million people food insecure in north-east Nigeria.
4 countries affected
USD 74 million urgently required to meet the most immediate needs in the four countries over the next six months through August.
Insecurity in the area continues amid Boko Haram attacks leading to further displacements of populations both in Nigeria and into the neighboring countries.
Household food security remains normal
Below average cereal prices means normal market access for poor households across the country
Increased sorghum prices in the Goundam Lakes District limits food access for poor households
Suite à l’attaque complexe qui a ciblé ses casques bleus le 18 mai au nord d'Aguelhok, dans la région de Kidal, la MINUSMA a immédiatement constitué une équipe d’enquête interne pour faire toute la lumière sur les circonstances de cette attaque, y compris celles relatives à l’arrestation des trois suspects et du décès de l’un d’entre eux qui a perdu la vie le 19 mai dans les heures ayant suivi son appréhension.
Cette enquête interne se poursuit.
L’objectif global de cette évaluation est de procéder à une mise à jour des indicateurs clé de la sécurité alimentaire afin d’appréhender la situation courante de la sécurité alimentaire et nutritionnelle des ménages, de même que son évolution au cours des 6 prochains mois. Par ailleurs, les informations à produire constitueront des données actualisées de qualité qui seront utilisés lors du prochain atelier du Cadre Harmonisé.
IEDA Relief - Rapport Mission Terrain
La crise au Nord du Mali a accentué les difficultés d’approvisionnement des populations en eau potable ; le dispositif existant qui était déjà insuffisant s’est davantage dégradé à cause du défaut d’entretien/réhabilitation. En fin 2015, l’on estimait le taux d’accès à l’eau à 23% dans la région de Kidal et à 57% le nombre de points d’eau existant non fonctionnels1.
At a meeting today in the United Nations Security Council on the situation in the Sahel region of sub-Saharan Africa, senior UN officials stressed that climate change plays a direct role in the region's security, development and stability by increasing drought and fuelling conflict.
Nigeria - The French Embassy in Nigeria and IOM Nigeria have signed an agreement for a nine-month project aimed at providing psychosocial support to conflict-affected people in the North East of the country. The project will target the two states most affected by displacement – Adamawa and Borno.
The project is designed to strengthen existing IOM psychosocial response and assistance to people affected by the humanitarian crisis that has developed in Nigeria due to the Boko Haram insurgency, especially the North East.