150 million people across the Sahel face immense challenges. These include violent extremism, climate change and abject poverty, and a fourth – the demographic explosion that will see the region’s population double in the next twenty years – exacerbates the situation still further.
Across the Sahel more than 30 million people struggle with food insecurity; one in five children under the age of five suffers from acute malnutrition; 4.9 million people have fled their homes.
Ongoing instability and violence in Cameroon, Chad, Mali, Niger and Nigeria exacerbate existing vulnerabilities and continue to displace people.
In countries that are not affected by active conflict, the absence of violence coincided with two relatively good rainy seasons. This has allowed communities to recover from previous shocks and become more resilient. Burkina Faso, Mauritania and Senegal.
In Mali, where a fragile political agreement is in place, the humanitarian situation is stable but remains extremely preoccupying. Some 3.7 million people in Mali, and 135,000 who have sought refuge in Burkina Faso, Mauritania and Niger, still need humanitarian assistance.
In the Lake Chad Basin Boko Haram attacks continue and the scale of suffering is extremely high. Around 11 million people will require emergency relief in 2017. Seven million people – one in three families –and almost half a million children are acutely malnourished and require food.
For 2017, the humanitarian community will require US$ 2.66 billion to help 15 million people, across 8 countries. (OCHA, 7 Dec 2016)
In Nigeria, a recent analysis indicates that at least 2,000 famine-related deaths may have occurred in Bama LGA between January and September 2016, many of them young children. While assistance has improved conditions in accessible areas of Borno State, a famine may be ongoing in inaccessible areas where conditions could be similar to those observed in Bama LGA earlier this year. (FEWSNet, 13 Dec 2016)
As of 13 January 2017, the Humanitarian Response Plan was 50% funded. (OCHA, 13 Jan 2017)
Appeals & Funding
- Sahel Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP) 2016 EN/FR
- Humanitarian Needs Overview EN/FR
- 2014-2016 Strategic Response Plans: Sahel Region EN/FR; Burkina Faso; Cameroon; Chad; Gambia; Mali; Mauritania; Niger; Nigeria; Senegal
18 January 2017 – United Nations Secretary-General António Guterres has strongly condemned the suicide-vehicle attack earlier today perpetrated against a military camp in the northern Mali city of Gao that reportedly left at least 50 people dead and dozens injured.
A STORY OF FLIGHT
In December 2013, when conflict broke out in the Central African Republic (CAR), thousands of people fled across the border to neighbouring countries, including more than 100,000 Chadians who returned to their home country. Most of them had left Chad decades ago and could no longer rely on family or friends for help upon their return, so they settled in returnee sites in the south. Here are their stories.
CONFLICT ON ALL SIDES
Aid workers in Borno state say displaced people living in camps have no plans to go back home despite government claims that insurgents have been defeated
By Ben Quinn
The homecoming of tens of thousand of Nigerians displaced by the Boko Haram insurgency has been prevented by enduring fear of the Islamists and reluctance to return to areas of the country’s north-east devastated by the campaign against the militants, according to aid workers.
In January, the polio programme is contributing to the protection of more than 4 million children against measles.
A mass vaccination campaign to protect more than 4 million children (4,766,214) against a measles outbreak in conflict-affected states in north-eastern Nigeria started on 13 January. The polio eradication infrastructure has been on hand to help with this feat of logistics from data management to training, social mobilization, monitoring and evaluation, supportive supervision and waste management.
ABUJA, Nigeria – A brutal attack by Boko Haram forced Zainab Abubakar, 28, and her six children to flee their home in northern Nigeria. “I was one month pregnant when I left Gamboru Ngala,” Ms. Abubakar told UNFPA from the Dalori displacement camp in Maiduguri. “During my escape, I lost my pregnancy.”
Ms. Abubakar’s tragic miscarriage took place in 2014, but the Boko Haram crisis continues to drive women and girls from their homes – and from access to basic health care.
by Alex Thurston
7864th Meeting (AM)
Suicide Bombing Will Not Distract Us, Permanent Representative Vows, as Members Hear from Delegates of Uruguay, Algeria
A car bomb that killed more than 50 people at a military base in Gao this morning was a stark reminder of the multiple obstacles hobbling Mali’s ongoing peace process, the head of United Nations peacekeeping told the Security Council today.
• Sixty injured people, majority of them children, were airlifted on 18 January from Nigeria’s north-eastern Rann locality to Maiduguri, the capital of Borno state, following a military airstrike on Rann the previous day. The medical evacuation involved UN Humanitarian Air Service (UNHAS) and Nigerian military helicopters.
• In Maiduguri, 11 ambulances have been availed to ferry the patients to five hospitals in the city. Four additional doctors and 100 kg of medical supplies were flown to Rann today.
18 janvier 2017 – Le Secrétaire général adjoint des Nations Unies aux opérations de maintien de la paix, Hervé Ladsous, a fermement condamné une attaque suicide meurtrière mercredi à Gao, dans le nord du Mali, contre un camp abritant des éléments des Forces armées maliennes et de divers groupes armés, estimant qu'elle constituait une atteinte directe au processus de paix.
Bamako, January 18, 2017 – Today, shortly before 9am, A suicide vehicle exploded inside the camp of the MOC (Mécanisme Opérationnel de Coordination) in Gao. The camp hosts elements of the Malian Armed Forces and members of the Platform and Coordination of Azawad Movements (CMA) who are to take part in mixed patrols, as envisaged by the Agreement for Peace and Reconciliation in Mali.
The International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement is shocked by the deaths of civilians and six aid workers from the Nigerian Red Cross following an airstrike on the town of Rann, near the border of Nigeria and Cameroon.
Killings, Repression, Insecurity Imperil Civilians in North, Central Region
(Nairobi) – Islamist armed groups in northern and central Mali have executed numerous people and are increasingly imposing restrictions on village life. The Malian government has largely been unable to protect vulnerable civilians in northern and central Mali, while security forces summarily executed at least 10 suspected Islamists and tortured many others during counterterrorism operations in 2016.
UN High Commissioner for Refugees Filippo Grandi today expressed his shock at a bombing on a site for internally displaced people in north-east Nigeria that left dozens of people dead, and stressed the need for the Nigerian authorities to urgently identify the failings that led to the tragedy.
Le Niger a enregistré un déficit fourrager global de l’ordre de 12,2 millions tonnes de matières sèches (TMS) soit environ 48 pour cent des besoins. Sur des besoins globaux théoriques de l'ordre de 25,6 millions TMS, le disponible fourrager est de l'ordre de 13,3 millions TMS.
L’écart entre le disponible fourrager et les besoins réels de consommation montre que ce déficit est plus accentué dans les régions de Diffa, Tahoua, Tillabéry et Zinder. Selon les autorités du Niger, la situation pastorale de cette année nécessite une attention particulière.
Boko Haram-related conflict has led to a severe humanitarian emergency in the Lake Chad Basin region and potential famine in inaccessible areas of northeastern Nigeria. At least 7 million people in the region are in need of food assistance. Internally displaced persons (IDPs) and trapped populations are at greater risk due to insecurity and poor or degraded infrastructure which impede aid delivery. There are currently 2.6 million people displaced across the region.