Grave concerns persist for some 20 million people in the Sahel. Recurrent conflict, erratic weather patterns, epidemics and other shocks continue to weaken the resilience of households across a region still suffering chronic levels of food insecurity and malnutrition.
An estimated 20.4 million people remain food insecure at the start of 2015. At least 2.6 million people have already crossed the crisis threshold, 70 percent of whom are in Niger, Nigeria, Mali and Chad where insecurity and poverty compound food insecurity.
Epidemics continue to demand urgent attention in 2015. Besides cholera, meningitis, Lassa and yellow fever, more recently, Ebola has been posing a serious threat to the Sahel region and has already impacted Mali, Nigeria, and Mali directly.
Beyond the chronic threats of food insecurity, malnutrition and epidemics, violent conflict in and around the Sahel region has led to a surge in population displacement. The region begins 2015 with some 2.8 million people displaced; over a million more than in early 2014. With escalating conflict in northeast Nigeria, an estimated one million people have been internally displaced. Some 150,000 Nigerian refugees have fled to neighbouring Niger, Chad and Cameroon. The volatile security situation in northern Mali continues to have a devastating impact on civilians, hampering the return of refugees, affecting markets and preventing the full restoration of basic services. Some 133,000 Malian refugees remain in Mauritania, Niger and Burkina Faso and more than 80,000 Malians remain internally displaced. As in Nigeria, high levels of insecurity in northern Mali also greatly impact the ability of humanitarians to access those in need. (Sahel: A call for humanitarian aid, 12 Feb 2015)
Due to the ongoing crisis in the Lake Chad Basin, Chad is now the seventh largest refugee-hosting country in the world with over 750,000 displaced persons, the majority of whom are refugees or Chadian returnees who fled from the Central African Republic, Libya, Nigeria, and Sudan. At the end of August, the Regional Humanitarian Coordinator for the Sahel called on the international community to ramp up its support in response to the multi-faceted humanitarian challenges affecting the country. (OCHA, 27 Aug 2015)
As of 20 November 2015, the Strategic Response Plan for the Sahel was 41% funded. (OCHA, 20 Nov 2015)
Appeals & Funding
- Sahel Strategic Response Plan (SRP) 2015 EN/FR
- Humanitarian Needs Overview EN/FR
- 2014-2016 Strategic Response Plans: Sahel Region EN/FR; Burkina Faso; Cameroon; Chad; Gambia; Mali; Mauritania; Niger; Nigeria; Senegal
Yaoundé, Cameroon | AFP | Saturday 11/28/2015 - 23:53 GMT
Five people were killed on Saturday in a double suicide attack by two women in the restive far north of Cameroon, the governor of the region said.
"Two women blew themselves up at around 6:00 pm" (1700 GMT) in the town of Dabanga, the governor of the far northern region, Midjiyawa Bakary, told AFP.
"The initial death toll is seven dead, including the two suicide bombers."
Yaoundé, Cameroun | AFP | samedi 28/11/2015 - 23:04 GMT
Cinq personnes ont été tuées samedi soir dans un double attentat-suicide commis par deux femmes à Dabanga, dans l'Extrême-nord du Cameroun, a appris l'AFP auprès du gouverneur de cette région.
"Deux femmes se sont fait exploser vers 18 heures" à Dabanga, a affirmé Midjiyawa Bakary, gouverneur de la région de l'Extrême-nord.
Le Représentant spécial du Secrétaire général (RSSG) et Chef de la MINUSMA M. Mongi Hamdi est affligé par la mort de 2 Casques bleus et 1 contracteur de la MINUSMA lors d’une attaque aux tirs de mortier contre le camp de la MINUSMA à Kidal ce matin vers 4 heures, qui a également fait 20 blessés, dont 4 graves. La MINUSMA procède actuellement aux évacuations médicales tout en renforçant son dispositif sécuritaire.
Le Représentant spécial condamne de la façon la plus ferme cette attaque contre le personnel et les contractants des Nations Unies.
La situation alimentaire reste inquiétante au Tchad. Selon l’analyse du Cadre Harmonisé 2015, 3,4 millions de personnes sont affectées par l’insécurité alimentaire dont 83 000 personnes en phase 4 et 580 000 en phase 3. Ces personnes ont besoin d’une assistance humanitaire d’urgence. 2,7 millions de personnes se trouvent en phase 2 et nécessitent un soutien pour développer leur résilience et moyens d’existence pour ne pas retomber dans une phase plus grave.
Millet, maize, cowpea, and imported rice are the most important food commodities. Millet is consumed by both rural and poor urban households throughout the country. Maize and imported rice are most important for urban households, while cowpea is mainly consumed by poor households in rural and urban areas as a protein source. Niamey is the most important national market and an international trade center, and also supplies urban households. Tillaberi is also an urban center that supplies the surrounding area.
Millet, maize, and sorghum are the most important food commodities for household consumption.
Rice, millet, sorghum, and maize are the primary staple foods in Senegal. Groundnuts are both an important source of protein and a commonly grown cash crop. Imported rice is consumed daily by the vast majority of households in Senegal particularly in Dakar and Touba urban centers. Local rice is produced and consumed in the Senegal River Valley. St. Louis is a major market for the Senegal River Valley. Millet is consumed in central regions where Kaolack is the most important regional market.
Local rice and sorghum are the most consumed food products by poor households in Mauritania followed by imported wheat which is a substitute that these households turn to the most. Local rice is grown in the river valley (in the southern regions of Trarza, Brakna, Gorgol and Guidimakha). Sorghum is produced in all areas of production (rainfed) and in flood - recession areas. However, a significant portion is imported from Mali and Senegal. Mauritania depends greatly on food imports (70% in a good agricultural year and 85% in a bad year) than on internal production.
Millet, rice, and sorghum constitute the basic staple foods for the majority of the Malian population.
Millet has traditionally been the most widely consumed, but since 2005 rice has become a popular substitute in urban households. Sorghum is generally more important for rural than urban households.
Kano, Nigeria | AFP | Saturday 11/28/2015 - 08:59 GMT | 368 words
Boko Haram on Saturday claimed responsibility for a suicide bombing on a Shiite Muslim procession near the northern Nigerian city of Kano that killed 22 people.
The hardline Islamist group said in a statement in Arabic on social media its bomber "detonated his explosives which led to the death" of the victims on Friday.
"And by the permission of Allah these attacks of ours against Shi'a polytheists will continue until we cleanse the earth of their filth," it warned.
28 November 2015 – The United Nations has strongly condemned a mortar attack on a UN camp in restive northern Mali earlier today, which left two peacekeepers and a civilian contractor dead, and 20 others injured, with the Security Council calling on the Malian Government to swiftly investigate the incident and bring the perpetrators to justice.
Nigerian military frees more than 400 Boko Haram captives in October and November
Food insecurity persists in Boko Haram-affected areas in northeastern Nigeria
Cameroon grants UNHAS permission to operate humanitarian flights in the north of the country
Chad extends its declared state of emergency until March 2016
Ten years after the Economic Community of West African States launched its policy on food and agriculture, coordination remains a serious challenge. Several regional initiatives compete with each other at the political and the project levels, in a complex and fragmented institutional context.
25 novembre 2015 – Le Secrétaire général de l'ONU, Ban Ki-moon, a condamné une attaque à l'engin explosif perpétrée mardi contre un convoi de la Mission multidimensionnelle intégrée des Nations Unies pour la stabilisation au Mali (MINUSMA), qui a fait un mort.
Le convoi se déplaçait sur l'axe Goundam-Tombouctou, dans la région de Tombouctou, au nord du Mali. « L'attaque a causé la mort d'un membre du personnel civil de la MINUSMA », a précisé le porte-parole du Secrétaire général dans un communiqué de presse.
27 November 2015
In most developing countries, smallholder farmers are the main actors in agriculture, though they tend to benefit little from their sales. With Purchase for Progress (P4P), the World Food Programme (WFP) seeks to provide these farmers with additional marketing options, in which they can capture larger margins by making collective sales to large-scale buyers like WFP.
AGIR - the Global Alliance for Resilience Initiative - was launched during the Sahel food and nutrition crisis of 2012 with the aim of achieving 'Zero Hunger' in the West Africa Sahel region by 2032. The EU was closely involved in establishing AGIR and continues to provide support.
· Au cours de cette semaine, les déplacements internes des populations se sont poursuivis dans la région à la suite des divers incidents sécuritaires survenus, ainsi environ 500 ménages d’environ 3000 individus se sont déplacés de villages de Tchoukoundi, Barwa et Bori pour s’installer au quartier Diffa Festival et dans les villages de Toumour et Garanna. La plus part de ces mouvements sont des déplacements préventives.