Bangladesh: Floods and Landslides - Jun 2017Ongoing
Deadly mudslides triggered by torrential monsoon rains in southeastern Bangladesh are estimated to have claimed at least 135 lives. This disaster occurred just two weeks after Cyclone Mora killed 9 people and caused significant damage across the region. In addition to mudslides, the rains caused severe flooding in low-lying areas, causing significant damage to road and communication infrastructure. Remote communities in Bandarban, Chittagong and Rangamati districts have been cut off and remain without water, electricity, and food supplies. Communities of Rohingya refugees in Bandarban district may also have been affected. Further mudslides are feared due to continued rainfall.
The total estimated death toll currently stands at 98 from Rangamati district, 30 from Chittagong district and 7 from Bandarban district. Many others are injured and in need of medical assistance. (UN RC, 14 Jun 2017)
Renewed mudslides in south-eastern Bangladesh have claimed additional lives and further damage to homes and infrastructure. Collapsing hillsides and heavy flooding are now estimated to have killed over 150 people across five districts. (UN RC, 15 Jun 2017)
As of 16 June, floods and landslides in the Chittagong Hill Tract region and surrounding areas have killed 156 people. According to UNICEF, 30 to 40 per cent of water points in the affected areas are flooded.(OCHA, 19 Jun 2017)
The June landslides were the worst landslide-related disaster in Bangladesh since 2007. Beginning 13 June, the landslides resulted in the deaths of 160 people, injured 187 people, and destroyed 6,000 homes, despite being localized in impact. It affected about 80,000 people across five districts: Bandarban, Chittagong, Cox’s Bazar, Khagrachari and Rangamati.
While search and rescue interventions are ending, medical services are providing life-saving assistance. Central and local authorities are restoring road networks, power supply, and communication networks. Prices for basic commodities like fuel and water soared in the market due to the scarcity of goods. The power shortages hindered access to water. Access to health, nutrition assistance, and life-saving intervention was initially limited due to road damage. Protection-related concerns have also increased, particularly for children and women. (UN RC, 12 Jul 2017)
Monsoon rains have triggered flooding across 11 districts in northeastern Bangladesh, affecting at least 1.3 million people as of 16 July. NGO partners report that vast areas of Moulvibazar and Sylhet remain under water affecting agricultural livelihoods. The Government has released cash grants and distributed food to the affected districts. (OCHA, 17 Jul 2017)
On 22 and 23 July, new landslides affected the district of Bandarban in the Chittagong Hill Tracts, with preliminary reports indicating that 6 people have died and 4 people are still missing. Currently, 1,500 people in eight shelter camps are still receiving emergency shelter assistance and food assistance from national authorities. Complementing the government’s efforts, several humanitarian partners are providing shelter assistance, psychosocial support, NFIs and cash for food to 4,300 households. Other agencies are providing shelter, WASH and Sexual and Reproductive Health assistance to 1,500 households. (OCHA, 24 Jul 2017)
As of the end of July 2017, national authorities are sheltering roughly 1,500 persons, who receive three cooked meals per day. National authorities are also supporting landslide victims (the families of dead or injured people) through the provision of cash and food packages. The current level of assistance is saving lives — but it is insufficient to return to pre-disaster conditions. Gaps in all sectors of the response are significant. Sources of funds are mainly partners’ own resources, but also the Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF) and the START Fund. Furthermore, incessant heavy rainfall in the Chittagong Hill Tracts is exacerbating all humanitarian needs identified and increasing the risks of further landslides and floods. According to the government, some 39,164 persons remain severely affected in Bandarban and Rangamati districts. (UN RC Bangladesh, 31 Jul 2017)
Flooding has affected the eastern, southern and northern regions of Bangladesh. As of 14 August, 12 deaths have been confirmed, including six children. An estimated 586,000 people in 356 unions of 20 upazilas have been affected. The Government has opened 973 emergency flood shelters, hosting an estimated 68,500 people. The waters of 23 rivers have risen beyond the danger line and further heavy rain and an increased risk of landslides is forecast for coming days. The Government has allocated 31 million BDT and 10,630 MT of rice to flood-affected districts. A joint Humanitarian Coordination Team working group, comprising UN agencies, Government and civil society partners, is monitoring the situation and working to support and complement the Government’s efforts. (OCHA, 15 Aug 2017)
As of 20 August, 5.7 million people in 27 districts have been affected by floods with 300,000 people in emergency shelters, and 98 people known to have died. Access to affected areas is restricted with roads and bridges damaged. The Government allocated US$820,000 as well as rice and dry food parcels, and 1,945 local medical teams have deployed to prevent outbreaks of disease. Clusters are meeting with their national counterparts to identify gaps that could be supported by the international community. (OCHA, 21 Aug 2017)
Appeals & Funding
This map illustrates satellite-detected surface water extent in the central part of Bangladesh using a Sentinel-1 satellite image acquired on the 12 August 2017 with a total surface of 4,280,650 ha. In this analyzed area; 1,644,983 ha (38%) of lands are likely affected. These lands are are mainly cropland irrigated and rainfed areas and estimated to 1,576,351 ha. The population exposure analysis using WorldPop data shows that ~17,000,000 people are potentially affected by floods in the analysed zone: ~8,400,000 are located in Dhaka Division and ~5,750,000 in Rajshahi Division.
Type of Event: Flood
Location of Event: Bangladesh
Date of Charter Activation: 15 August 2017
Time of Charter Activation: 15:00:00
Time zone of Charter Activation: UTC+09:00
Charter Requestor: UNITAR-UNOSAT on behalf of United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs | Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific
Activation ID: 545
Project Management: UNITATR/UNOSAT
Description of the event
Floods in Bangladesh have left 27 people dead and affected more than half a million.
By Gopal Sharma and Ruma Paul
KATHMANDU/DHAKA, Aug 15 (Reuters) - Heavy monsoon rains in Nepal, Bangladesh and India have killed more than 160 people in the last week, officials said on Tuesday, as authorities rushed to rescue those missing or stranded in flooded areas.
In Nepal, the death toll rose to 115 amid more flash floods and landslides, with 38 people missing. Relief workers said 26 of Nepal's 75 districts were either submerged or had been hit by landslides after rain lashed the Himalayan nation.
Heavy monsoon rains over the past two days, coupled with a rush of water from upstream, have caused high levels of flooding in low-lying and char (river island) areas in 10 districts of the northern and eastern part of Bangladesh. Some of these districts are experiencing a second or third spell of flooding since the onset of the monsoon in June. Many areas remain cut off due to breaches of embankments and roads.
July 2017 was a hazardous month with flood, riverbank erosion, landslide, lighting, massive rainfall, tornado, boat/trawler capsize and fire. Following the devastating flood on middle of April, a new flood started on 27 June affecting two northeast districts Sylhet and Moulvibazar which continued in July. Also, from July 02 flood started in eight districts, namely: Rangpur, Kurigram, Serajganj, Jamalpur, Bogra, Lalmonirhat, Gaibandha, Nilphamari and southern district Cox’s Bazar.
Complementing Government of Bangladesh’s efforts, Humanitarian Partners are supporting the response in line with the Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP) developed by the Humanitarian Coordination Task Team (HCTT) based on the related needs assessment prepared by the Needs Assessment Working Group (NAWG). This report presents a synthesis of the main relief activities implemented in the month of July. Detailed cluster/sector responses can be requested to cluster/sector focal points indicated in the HRP.
DHAKA, Jul 31 2017 (IPS) - Life for Bangladesh’s rural people, particularly in its remote north, is still miserable. Seasonal flooding, river erosion, and the low quality of rural infrastructure and lack of connectivity have made things harder for poor northerners.
Though the country has been elevated to the lower middle-income country club due to its overall income rise, largely because of growing remittance inflows, poverty is still widespread in rural areas.
By Rafiqul Islam
DHAKA, Jul 28 2017 (IPS) - In the wake of recent water-related disasters in Bangladesh, including water-logging and floods that displaced thousands of families, a high-level consultation in the capital Dhaka on valuing water will look at ways to optimize water use and solutions to water-related problems facing South Asia.
Country-wide Cause of displacement Disaster
Figures More than 1.8 million new disaster displacements between 22 June and 12 July
Heavy rain in Bangladesh over the past few days has led to several landslides.
According to local media, as of 25 July at 7.00 UTC, at least four people have been killed in the districts of Sadar and Cox's Bazar (Chittagong division).
Over the next 24 hours, thunderstorms and locally heavy rain are forecast for the southern areas of the country, including the already affected ones. The Bangladesh Meteorological Department (BMD) has issued a warning for risk of new landslides in the Chittagong hilly areas.
The Brahmaputra-Jamuna, Ganges-Padma and Surma-Kushiyara rivers are in falling trend.
Most of the major rivers of South Eastern hilly region are in falling trend.
The Brahmaputra-Jamuna rivers may likely to continue falling for next 72 hours.
The Ganges river may likely to continue falling for next 48 hours.
The Padma river may likely to continue falling for next 72 hours.
The Surma-Kushiyara rivers may likely to fall in next 24 hours.
by Hassan Ahmadul, Climate Centre, Dhaka
The Chinese Red Cross has donated US$100,000 to the Bangladesh Red Crescent Society (BDRCS) to assist with its ongoing monsoon flood-relief operation in wetland haor areas of the country’s north-east region.
“Vast areas of Bangladesh have been suffering a series of floods since March [leading] to crop destruction and food shortages,” a BDRCS news report announcing the donation said last week.
Overview of Flood, July 2017
Floods are a major disaster in the Hindu Kush Himalaya during monsoon season. Timely and accurate mapping of floods is important for efficient and effective management of relief activities. It can help reduce loss and damage due to floods.
Overall the flood situation has improved slightly, though some rivers are still above their danger levels, according to the Flood Forecasting and Warning Centre (FFWC). In the north, northeast and central regions of Bangladesh river levels will continue receding in the Brahmaputra, the Jamuna and the Padma.
According to the Ministry of Disaster Management & Relief (MoDMR) more than 1.58 million people are now affected, as well as at least 1 571 primary and secondary schools, and 24 people have so far died in the floods.
Overview of Flood, July 2017
Flooding is spreading to the low-lying areas of central Bangladesh as the water level in the Ganges-Padma basin (west) continues to rise. According to the Water Development Board’s Flood Forecasting and Warning Centre (FFWC), floods have deteriorated in the central region but remain unchanged in the north. 16 major measuring stations in north, northeast and central region of Bangladesh reported that the Ganges-Padma and Kushiyara rivers are still rising and this is likely to continue in the next 24 hours, while the Brahmaputra-Jamuna and Surma rivers are now in falling trend.