Bangladesh: Floods and Landslides - Jun 2017Ongoing
Deadly mudslides triggered by torrential monsoon rains in southeastern Bangladesh are estimated to have claimed at least 135 lives. This disaster occurred just two weeks after Cyclone Mora killed 9 people and caused significant damage across the region. In addition to mudslides, the rains caused severe flooding in low-lying areas, causing significant damage to road and communication infrastructure. Remote communities in Bandarban, Chittagong and Rangamati districts have been cut off and remain without water, electricity, and food supplies. Communities of Rohingya refugees in Bandarban district may also have been affected. Further mudslides are feared due to continued rainfall.
The total estimated death toll currently stands at 98 from Rangamati district, 30 from Chittagong district and 7 from Bandarban district. Many others are injured and in need of medical assistance. (UN RC, 14 Jun 2017)
Renewed mudslides in south-eastern Bangladesh have claimed additional lives and further damage to homes and infrastructure. Collapsing hillsides and heavy flooding are now estimated to have killed over 150 people across five districts. (UN RC, 15 Jun 2017)
As of 16 June, floods and landslides in the Chittagong Hill Tract region and surrounding areas have killed 156 people. According to UNICEF, 30 to 40 per cent of water points in the affected areas are flooded.(OCHA, 19 Jun 2017)
The June landslides were the worst landslide-related disaster in Bangladesh since 2007. Beginning 13 June, the landslides resulted in the deaths of 160 people, injured 187 people, and destroyed 6,000 homes, despite being localized in impact. It affected about 80,000 people across five districts: Bandarban, Chittagong, Cox’s Bazar, Khagrachari and Rangamati.
While search and rescue interventions are ending, medical services are providing life-saving assistance. Central and local authorities are restoring road networks, power supply, and communication networks. Prices for basic commodities like fuel and water soared in the market due to the scarcity of goods. The power shortages hindered access to water. Access to health, nutrition assistance, and life-saving intervention was initially limited due to road damage. Protection-related concerns have also increased, particularly for children and women. (UN RC, 12 Jul 2017)
Monsoon rains have triggered flooding across 11 districts in northeastern Bangladesh, affecting at least 1.3 million people as of 16 July. NGO partners report that vast areas of Moulvibazar and Sylhet remain under water affecting agricultural livelihoods. The Government has released cash grants and distributed food to the affected districts. (OCHA, 17 Jul 2017)
On 22 and 23 July, new landslides affected the district of Bandarban in the Chittagong Hill Tracts, with preliminary reports indicating that 6 people have died and 4 people are still missing. Currently, 1,500 people in eight shelter camps are still receiving emergency shelter assistance and food assistance from national authorities. Complementing the government’s efforts, several humanitarian partners are providing shelter assistance, psychosocial support, NFIs and cash for food to 4,300 households. Other agencies are providing shelter, WASH and Sexual and Reproductive Health assistance to 1,500 households. (OCHA, 24 Jul 2017)
As of the end of July 2017, national authorities are sheltering roughly 1,500 persons, who receive three cooked meals per day. National authorities are also supporting landslide victims (the families of dead or injured people) through the provision of cash and food packages. The current level of assistance is saving lives — but it is insufficient to return to pre-disaster conditions. Gaps in all sectors of the response are significant. Sources of funds are mainly partners’ own resources, but also the Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF) and the START Fund. Furthermore, incessant heavy rainfall in the Chittagong Hill Tracts is exacerbating all humanitarian needs identified and increasing the risks of further landslides and floods. According to the government, some 39,164 persons remain severely affected in Bandarban and Rangamati districts. (UN RC Bangladesh, 31 Jul 2017)
Flooding has affected the eastern, southern and northern regions of Bangladesh. As of 14 August, 12 deaths have been confirmed, including six children. An estimated 586,000 people in 356 unions of 20 upazilas have been affected. The Government has opened 973 emergency flood shelters, hosting an estimated 68,500 people. The waters of 23 rivers have risen beyond the danger line and further heavy rain and an increased risk of landslides is forecast for coming days. The Government has allocated 31 million BDT and 10,630 MT of rice to flood-affected districts. A joint Humanitarian Coordination Team working group, comprising UN agencies, Government and civil society partners, is monitoring the situation and working to support and complement the Government’s efforts. (OCHA, 15 Aug 2017)
As of 20 August, 5.7 million people in 27 districts have been affected by floods with 300,000 people in emergency shelters, and 98 people known to have died. Access to affected areas is restricted with roads and bridges damaged. The Government allocated US$820,000 as well as rice and dry food parcels, and 1,945 local medical teams have deployed to prevent outbreaks of disease. Clusters are meeting with their national counterparts to identify gaps that could be supported by the international community. (OCHA, 21 Aug 2017)