Southern Africa: Floods - Jan 2017
Since the beginning of January 2017, heavy seasonal rainfall has been affecting Southern Africa.
In Mozambique, 44 people have died and 79,000 have been affected mainly in the central and southern provinces in January. The Mozambican authorities issued an orange alert for the provinces of Maputo, Gaza, Inhambane and Nampula, yet areas of Tete and Sofala provinces have also been affected. The orange alert means that government institutions are planning for an impending disaster. Continued rainfall has been forecast for the first quarter of 2017. Rains are expected to continue, which will increase the number of people affected. The risk of vector- and water-borne diseases is particularly high, as both cholera and malaria are endemic and outbreaks recurring. (ACAPS, 26 Jan 2017)
In Malawi, due to La Niña weather phenomenon since the onset of the rainy season, many districts have received normal to above normal rainfall triggering flash floods in some of the districts. Between 4 and 10 February, heavy rain caused the worst flooding in Salima District in four Traditional Authorities of Ndindi, Pemba, Kambwiri and Maganga. A total of 35,304 people have been affected. 7,216 people have been displaced and are homeless and are dwelling in school blocks. (Act Alliance, 15 Feb 2017)
On 15 February, Tropical Cyclone Dineo made landfall near Inhambane, Southern Mozambique. Shortly after, the storm evolved from severe tropical storm to Category III Tropical Cyclone and was reclassified as Ex-Dineo. The initial report indicated 3 deaths and 4 injured, damaged Infrastructure (electricity, and roads) as a result of the storm in the affected areas. The National Institute for Disaster Management (INGC) projects that urban flooding in small villages and cities may affect 200,000 people over the next 7 days and the following river basins would be at risk of flooding. (IFRC, 18 Feb 2017)
Between January and March 2017, Zimbabwe experienced severe flooding across 37 districts of the country, which damaged local infrastructure, livelihoods, transportation routes, and homes. (IFRC, 30 May 2017)
Between 18 and 23 February 2017, Botswana was hit by the tropical depression, ex-Dineo which caused significant flooding across the country. As a result of inundations, bridges have collapsed, roads have been closed, and health facilities have been flooded. The Government has closed schools in some districts to reduce the risk of children drowning, however in some districts children must still travel long distances to school in sometimes hazardous flood conditions. (IFRC, 11 Mar 2017)
In Namibia some 23,581 learners from schools in Omusati Region are currently idling at home as a precautionary measure taken by 67 schools that have been flooded by the incessant heavy rains that have deluged the north of Namibia in recent weeks. Apart from Omusati Region, schools in Ohangwena are also flooded with rainwater gushing into a number of classrooms. (New Era, 10 Mar 2017)
Heavy rain has been affecting Angola over the past days, especially the north-western provinces, causing floods. Local media reported, as of 24 March at 7.00 UTC, 11 deaths in the province of Luanda, several missing people, 700 houses destroyed and at least 5 300 houses flooded. (ECHO, 24 Mar 2017)
During the first half of 2017, 369,042 children were screened for acute malnutrition and 23,631 severely acute malnourished (SAM) children were treated with UNICEF support.
UNICEF supported 8,050 conflict returnees from Malawi, living in a camp in Tete, with 1,610 hygiene kits and the construction of 130 emergency latrines in collaboration with National Institute for Disaster Management -Tete
7,500 children were assisted with temporary learning spaces through the construction of TARPA Tents in Inhambane
• The chronic drought crisis continues to affect an estimated 1.13 million people in the south, including 605,982 children.
• Heavy rains in northern and southern regions at the beginning of the year elevated the risk of cholera outbreaks and other water-borne diseases. As of June 2017, the cumulative number of suspected cholera cases stands at 455 (Soyo – 218, Cabinda – 236, and Luanda – 1. In total 24 deaths have been reported with ten deaths reported in Soyo and 14 in Cabinda. The last fatal case was reported during week 22 in Cabinda.
• UNICEF provided eight water tanker trucks to the Government of Namibia to support water-stressed communities in seven drought-affected regions. UNICEF also provided 15,000 bednets in support of the malaria outbreak response which has affected more than 11,900 people in the first quarter of 2017.
Results of SMART surveys conducted, in seven livelihood zones, in May 2017 show a slight improvement in nutrition in Malawi, with Global Acute Malnutrition (GAM) prevalence declining from 2.5 per cent in May 2016 to 2.2 per cent in May 2017. Severe Acute Malnutrition (SAM) also declined from 0.5 to 0.3 per cent in the same period.
2.1 million food insecure people
175,233 (May), 119,979 (June) reached w ith FFA/ GFD
59,430 (May), 98,337 (June) children received school meals
8,715 (May)/25,929 (June) received nutrition support
WFP gradually scales down the El Niño drought response as food security situation improves and enhances its focus on pro-resilience activities.
Due to improved harvests, FEWS NET projects Minimal levels of food insecurity in Southern Africa through January 2018, with pockets of Stressed or Crisis levels in some countries
Relief actors provide targeted assistance to vulnerable populations to facilitate continued recovery
USAID/OFDA provides approximately $26 million in new funding to support cyclone- and drought-affected populations in the region
UNICEF and partners have provided lifesaving treatment for severe acute malnutrition (SAM) to 250 children aged 0-59 months and 5,088 children aged 6-59 months during the period January to June 2017.
A total of 54,252 caregivers have been reached with key messages on Infant and Young Child Feeding (IYCF)
219,859 children 6-59 months have been provided with Vitamin A Supplementation (VAS).
A. Situation analysis
Description of the disaster
The Southern and Central Regions of Malawi experienced normal to above normal rainfall while the Northern Region received above normal rainfall. Karonga district which is located in the Northern part of Malawi, experienced fairly normal to above normal rainfall mid-March 2017 causing extensive flooding which resulted in the displacement of the affected communities.
FOOD SECURITY SNAPSHOT
National cereal production in 2017 forecast at above-average levels, mainly as a result of generally favourable seasonal rains
Maize prices declined on expectations of improved output in 2017, while strengthening of national currency also eased inflationary pressure
But plenty of ideas on how to sort out the problems are emerging, from organising slumdwellers to simply deciding which are the key risks to take on first
By Laurie Goering
LONDON, June 22 (Thomson Reuters Foundation) - Residents of Karonga, a lakeside city of about 60,000 in northern Malawi, face no shortage of risks.
A. Situation analysis
Description of the disaster
Heavy rains during the period of January-March 2017 within the Cuvelai River Basin in Angola and localized rainfalls in Oshana, Oshikoto, Ohangwena, Omusati resulted in localized flooding in Iishana (shallow flood plains).
Stephen O’Brien, Secrétaire général des Nations Unies aux affaires humanitaires et Coordonnateur des secours d’urgence
This Operations update seeks to provide an update of the activities conducted so far as well as to request of a 2-month extension with no budget changes for the DREF operation which will allow the CVM to complete the remaining procurement process for the replenishment of shelter kits which were distributed during the response. The rest of the activities have been implemented as planned.
A. Situation analysis
Above-average harvests likely to lead to largely Minimal food insecurity outcomes
• Harvests begin across Southern Africa, improving food security for vulnerable households
• Projections for June to September indicate Minimal levels of food insecurity across the region
• USAID/FFP provides nearly $270,000 in new funding to UNICEF to continue nutrition
The April 2017 harvest is expected to be above-average, with Tanzania, parts of Madagascar and northern Mozambique the exceptions. A good agricultural season is critical after two consecutive droughts led to unprecedented levels of food insecurity. Countries in the region continue to battle several hazards with potentially detrimental effects on food security, including an armyworm outbreak.
Following the impact of TD Ex-Dineo, IFRC launched a DREF for CHF 108,204 on 22 February 2017 to support the NS to an initial rapid needs assessment, deliver relief supplies to the affected population, and replenish Zimbabwe Red Cross Society stock. An Emergency Needs Assessment (ENA) was conducted in five provinces and ascertained the extent of the damage and related needs.
Imagine living in a world where it’s too expensive to eat. I don’t mean a night out at a restaurant or missing the occasional pastry. I mean when it’s too expensive to keep good nutritious food on the table. That’s what’s happening in the part of Africa where I live.
A nutritious balanced diet is out of reach for many, and a lot of people eat only once or twice a day.
For much of the last year, more than 20 million people here were dependent on food assistance; they make up half of the 40 million Africans affected by the worst drought in 35 years.