Since the beginning of January 2017, heavy seasonal rainfall has been affecting Southern Africa.
In Mozambique, 44 people have died and 79,000 have been affected mainly in the central and southern provinces in January. The Mozambican authorities issued an orange alert for the provinces of Maputo, Gaza, Inhambane and Nampula, yet areas of Tete and Sofala provinces have also been affected. The orange alert means that government institutions are planning for an impending disaster. Continued rainfall has been forecast for the first quarter of 2017. Rains are expected to continue, which will increase the number of people affected. The risk of vector- and water-borne diseases is particularly high, as both cholera and malaria are endemic and outbreaks recurring. (ACAPS, 26 Jan 2017)
In Malawi, due to La Niña weather phenomenon since the onset of the rainy season, many districts have received normal to above normal rainfall triggering flash floods in some of the districts. Between 4 and 10 February, heavy rain caused the worst flooding in Salima District in four Traditional Authorities of Ndindi, Pemba, Kambwiri and Maganga. A total of 35,304 people have been affected. 7,216 people have been displaced and are homeless and are dwelling in school blocks. (Act Alliance, 15 Feb 2017)
On 15 February, Tropical Cyclone Dineo made landfall near Inhambane, Southern Mozambique. Shortly after, the storm evolved from severe tropical storm to Category III Tropical Cyclone and was reclassified as Ex-Dineo. The initial report indicated 3 deaths and 4 injured, damaged Infrastructure (electricity, and roads) as a result of the storm in the affected areas. The National Institute for Disaster Management (INGC) projects that urban flooding in small villages and cities may affect 200,000 people over the next 7 days and the following river basins would be at risk of flooding. (IFRC, 18 Feb 2017)
Despite the fact that cyclone Dineo has been downgraded as tropical depression ex-Dineo as it moved over land, it still caused heavy rainfall over 100 mm/24 hours, and strong winds in several parts of Zimbabwe. The National Disaster Response Agency issued the warning signal for 13 districts in 5 provinces – Matabeleland South, Matabeleland North, Midlands, Masvingo, and Manicaland. Communities located along the Limpopo basin and Middle Sabi valley on the Southern Part are at highest risk.The tropical depression resulted in damages to houses and public buildings, infrastructure, including roads, dams and electricity. It is also threatening that as the rains continue in the areas it might cause localized floods and inundations of agricultural land affecting production and livelihoods. (IFRC, 22 Feb 2017)
Between 18 and 23 February 2017, Botswana was hit by the tropical depression, ex-Dineo which caused significant flooding across the country. As a result of inundations, bridges have collapsed, roads have been closed, and health facilities have been flooded. The Government has closed schools in some districts to reduce the risk of children drowning, however in some districts children must still travel long distances to school in sometimes hazardous flood conditions. (IFRC, 11 Mar 2017)
In Namibia some 23,581 learners from schools in Omusati Region are currently idling at home as a precautionary measure taken by 67 schools that have been flooded by the incessant heavy rains that have deluged the north of Namibia in recent weeks. Apart from Omusati Region, schools in Ohangwena are also flooded with rainwater gushing into a number of classrooms. (New Era, 10 Mar 2017)
1. Overall humanitarian needs and situation:
In Inhambane province, 70 health units were affected and 1,687 classrooms partially destroyed affecting 160,000 students;
949 people were hosted in three transit centers during the cyclone in Maxixe city, Inhambane province;
One death was reported in Gaza province precisely in Chibuto district;
Approximately 29,173 ha of several crops were lost in Inhambane province;
The Government have enough food stock (cereals and pulses) for immediate response but need oil, salt and sugar;
• Good performance of the current growing season (October 2016 - April 2017) is badly needed for Southern Africa after two consecutive El Nino induced droughts that led to unprecedented levels of food insecurity.
• The growing season is now well established with favourable growing condition observed in most of Botswana, Zimbabwe, Mozambique and NE South Africa. However, excessive rains have led to instances of localized flooding and higher incidence of pests and diseases.
The Mozambique Red Cross is gearing up to provide emergency assistance to thousands of people displaced from their homes this week by Tropical Cyclone Dineo, amid reports of extensive damage to homes, hospitals, schools and other infrastructure in southern districts.
Map-1: On Feb. 17, NASA's Terra satellite provided this visible image that showed the center of the low pressure area over Zimbabwe and clouds extended over found Dineo's clouds stretched over southern Mozambique, Swaziland, eastern Botswana and northeastern South Africa.
Credits: NASA Goddard MODIS Rapid Response
A. Situation analysis
Description of the disaster
Satellite Detected Surface Waters Extent and Evolution along Save River in Machanga and Govuro districts, Mozambique
The tropical cyclone DINEO has weakened to depression stage being now denominated EX-DINEO;
The cities and villages of Zavala, Inharrime, Jangamo,
Maxixe, Homoine, Morrumbene, Massinga and Funhalouro are without electricity;
Provincial government of Inhambane estimates that about 653,000 people have been affected overall;
In Inhambane, the death toll reported so far is 7 in four in 3 districts and Inhambane city;
• Tropical Cyclone DINEO continued moving west south-west over the Mozambique Channel as a Tropical Cyclone. On 15 February afternoon UTC, it made landfall near the city of Massinga (Inhambane province), as a Tropical Cyclone with approx. maximum sustained wind speed of 130 km/h. On 16 February at 00.00 UTC, it continued through the provinces of Inhambane.
The storm has brought heavy rain and winds, raising the risk of flooding and crop damage in Mozambique
MAPUTO, Feb 16 (Reuters) - Tropical storm Dineo has killed seven people in Mozambique since it hit the eastern coast on Wednesday, the government's disaster centre said on Thursday.
The storm, has brought heavy rain and winds of up to 160 km an hour (100 mph), raising the risk of flooding and crop damage in the impoverished southern African country.
South African Weather Service
16 February 2017: 11:00
Tropical cyclone Dineo made landfall near Inhambane, southern Mozambique between 8pm and midnight last night, Wednesday, 15 February. Strong winds, exceeding 100km/hr as well as torrential rainfall and very rough seas were most likely the main weather-related impacts.
According to MTOTEC the system has evolved from severe tropical storm to tropical cyclone category 3;
Strong winds and heavy rains expected to occur from 15-18 February in Gaza, Inhambane and Maputo provinces.
The population at risk is estimated to be approximately 730,000 people (JTWC) and 750,000 (provincial authorities of Inhambane);
Assessment teams on standby to be deployed and support provincial authorities;
The Tropical Cyclone Dineo-17, is approaching Mozambique coasts and is expected to make landfall The 16 February 2017 in the central province of Inhambane. Potential heavy rainfall are also expected according microwave satellite sensors and might induce floodings in the affected areas. This report provides an analysis on the potentially exposed population per wind speed zones in Mozambique. According to our analysis approximately 250,000 people in Mozambique may be exposed to over 120km/h sustainable wind speeds and 59,000 people might be exposed to 90km/h wind speed.
Tropical Cyclone DINEO continued moving west south-west over the Mozambique Channel towards southern Mozambique, strengthening.
This map illustrates the estimated total precipitation accumulation for Mozambique and Zimbabwe. The total estimate was derived from the Global Precipitation Measurement (GPM) dataset at a spatial resolution of approximately 10km, and covers the period from 13 to 16 (10:00 UTC) February 2017. The average precipitation during February is usually 193 mm in Mozambique and 130 mm in Zimbabwe. It is possible that precipitation levels may have been underestimated for local areas, and are not a substitute for ground station measurements.
Please send ground feedback to UNITAR - UNOSAT.
Tropical Cyclone Dineo hit the Inhambane province of Mozambique on Wednesday 15 February, with high winds, torrential rain and dangerous storm surge.
Dineo, the equivalent of a category 1 hurricane on the Saffir-Simpson scale, made landfall in the town of Inhambane at around 1630 GMT, according to initial reports. It is the, first cyclone to hit the province of Inhambane since Favio caused destruction in February 2007 and the first to hit the town itself for more than 30 years. In 2008, intense tropical cyclone Jokwe made landfall higher up the coast of Mozambique.