Since the beginning of January 2017, heavy seasonal rainfall has been affecting Southern Africa.
In Mozambique, 44 people have died and 79,000 have been affected mainly in the central and southern provinces in January. The Mozambican authorities issued an orange alert for the provinces of Maputo, Gaza, Inhambane and Nampula, yet areas of Tete and Sofala provinces have also been affected. The orange alert means that government institutions are planning for an impending disaster. Continued rainfall has been forecast for the first quarter of 2017. Rains are expected to continue, which will increase the number of people affected. The risk of vector- and water-borne diseases is particularly high, as both cholera and malaria are endemic and outbreaks recurring. (ACAPS, 26 Jan 2017)
In Malawi, due to La Niña weather phenomenon since the onset of the rainy season, many districts have received normal to above normal rainfall triggering flash floods in some of the districts. Between 4 and 10 February, heavy rain caused the worst flooding in Salima District in four Traditional Authorities of Ndindi, Pemba, Kambwiri and Maganga. A total of 35,304 people have been affected. 7,216 people have been displaced and are homeless and are dwelling in school blocks. (Act Alliance, 15 Feb 2017)
On 15 February, Tropical Cyclone Dineo made landfall near Inhambane, Southern Mozambique. Shortly after, the storm evolved from severe tropical storm to Category III Tropical Cyclone and was reclassified as Ex-Dineo. The initial report indicated 3 deaths and 4 injured, damaged Infrastructure (electricity, and roads) as a result of the storm in the affected areas. The National Institute for Disaster Management (INGC) projects that urban flooding in small villages and cities may affect 200,000 people over the next 7 days and the following river basins would be at risk of flooding. (IFRC, 18 Feb 2017)
Despite the fact that cyclone Dineo has been downgraded as tropical depression ex-Dineo as it moved over land, it still caused heavy rainfall over 100 mm/24 hours, and strong winds in several parts of Zimbabwe. The National Disaster Response Agency issued the warning signal for 13 districts in 5 provinces – Matabeleland South, Matabeleland North, Midlands, Masvingo, and Manicaland. Communities located along the Limpopo basin and Middle Sabi valley on the Southern Part are at highest risk.The tropical depression resulted in damages to houses and public buildings, infrastructure, including roads, dams and electricity. It is also threatening that as the rains continue in the areas it might cause localized floods and inundations of agricultural land affecting production and livelihoods. (IFRC, 22 Feb 2017)
Between 18 and 23 February 2017, Botswana was hit by the tropical depression, ex-Dineo which caused significant flooding across the country. As a result of inundations, bridges have collapsed, roads have been closed, and health facilities have been flooded. The Government has closed schools in some districts to reduce the risk of children drowning, however in some districts children must still travel long distances to school in sometimes hazardous flood conditions. (IFRC, 11 Mar 2017)
In Namibia some 23,581 learners from schools in Omusati Region are currently idling at home as a precautionary measure taken by 67 schools that have been flooded by the incessant heavy rains that have deluged the north of Namibia in recent weeks. Apart from Omusati Region, schools in Ohangwena are also flooded with rainwater gushing into a number of classrooms. (New Era, 10 Mar 2017)
Large rainfall surpluses remain across broad areas of Southern Africa
Africa Weather Hazards
Since late December, enhanced seasonal rainfall has resulted in large moisture surpluses and several floods. The risk of additional flooding remains high throughout Botswana, Zimbabwe, Mozambique, Malawi, Zambia, and southwestern Tanzania.
Below-average and erratic rainfall since December has resulted in strong moisture deficits, low soil moisture, and poor crop prospects across parts of northeastern Mozambique.
AFFECTED AREAS Mosul district, Salahuddin governorate
CAUSE OF DISPLACEMENT Conflict
FIGURES About 43,000 new displacements between January and 5 March
On March 16, upon the request of the Government of the Republic of Zimbabwe, the Government of Japan decided to provide emergency relief goods (tents, plastic sheets, portable jerry cans, etc.) through the Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) to Zimbabwe in response to the damage caused by the recent flood and cyclone.
There are 207,000 students affected and in need of emergency education services;
Reallocated 19 motor ambulances to reinforce emergency referral system at community level and 21 hospital tents were provided;
There is US$ 8.7 million funding gap to provide immediate assistance to people affected by the cyclone;
27,000 ha of several crops were lost affecting 15,000 farmers;
The response provided to date in the Education sector is meeting less than 10% of the needs;
A. Situation analysis
Description of the disaster
Ongwediva-Some 23,581 learners from schools in Omusati Region are currently idling at home as a precautionary measure taken by 67 schools that have been flooded by the incessant heavy rains that have deluged the north of Namibia in recent weeks.
Apart from Omusati Region, schools in Ohangwena are also flooded with rainwater gushing into a number of classrooms.
Laban Shapange, the director of education in Omusati Region said the schools would re-open as soon as the floodwater has subsided.
By the end of January 2017, 1,123 children aged 0-59 months had been treated for severe acute malnutrition (SAM) in the 20 priority districts with high global acute malnutrition (GAM) levels of 5% and above.
The Government of the Republic of Mozambique and the African Water Facility (AWF) has entered into a grant agreement for a feasibility study on Urban Sanitation, Drainage and Solid Waste Management in Chimoio and Inhambane. The grant agreement was signed on January 27, 2017 by the Minister of Economy and Finance Adriano Afonso Maleiane and the Country Manager for the African Development Bank Joseph M. Ribeiro. The project was launched in workshops in Maputo on March 8, in Chimoio on March 9 and another one will be held in Inhambane on March 14.
1,985 Homeless people
45 Districts Affected
USD14.5M Funding Raised
2,579 Homesteads damaged
72 Dams Breached
In January, a total of 1,158,442 children were screened for malnutrition through an active case finding campaign, supported by UNICEF. Of which, 24,194 (21,685 Moderate Acute Malnutrition and 2,507 Severe Acute Malnutrition) were referred for further management. In comparison, a total of 1,072,300 children were screened in December 2016.
IRIN contributor in Zimbabwe
RUSAPE/ZIMBABWE, 8 March 2017
Chengetai Zonke lost much of her maize crop to drought last year. When it came to planting again, she decided to reduce her stake in what has become a recurrent climate change gamble.
TSHOLOTSHO, ZIMBABWE — From kitchen items to livestock and even her house, Assa Mkwananzi says she has "lost it all" to floods that have hit southern Zimbabwe.
"We lost all our blankets, pots and cooking utensils, our goats and chickens as well because of the heavy rains," Mkwananzi told The Associated Press in the southern district of Tsholotsho, about 200 kilometers (124 miles) north of Bulawayo.
FOOD SECURITY SNAPSHOT
Forecasts point to production recovery in 2017, but army worm outbreak and heavy rains likely to restrain bigger gains
Maize imports rise in 2016/17 to boost domestic supplies following sharp production decrease in 2016
Estimated 4.1 million people food insecure, but conditions expected to improve with 2017 harvest beginning in April
Maize production in 2017 forecast to recover from 2016’s drought-reduced output
Harare, 07 March 2017 – As a result of heavy flooding induced by Cyclone Dineo, to date 251 people have been reported dead, over 2000 people displaced, livelihoods disrupted, and infrastructure including roads, bridges, schools, and water sources sustained heavy damages, mainly across the southern parts of Zimbabwe.
In response, the Government of Zimbabwe has declared national disaster and set up a Cabinet Committee on Emergency Preparedness and Disaster Management chaired by the Minister of Local Government, Public Works and National Housing.
“Investing in a response now is an investment for the future”
(MAPUTO, 2 March 2017) - Aid agencies are calling on the international community to assist communities affected by Cyclone Dineo following yesterday’s launch of an appeal by the United Nations.
The agencies work together as the COSACA, a consortium of humanitarian NGOs composed by Concern Worldwide, Oxfam, Save the Children and CARE supporting the Government of Mozambique. The appeal for USD10.2 million will support 150,000 people with lifesaving assistance for the next three months.
Record rainfall, to which Tropical Cyclone Dineo recently contributed, has led to floods across Zimbabwe. Almost 2,000 people have been left homeless, with assessment continuing and some areas remaining inaccessible. Significant infrastructure damage has also been reported.
Floods have swept through villages, destroying roads, crops and livestock
HARARE, March 3 (Reuters) - Zimbabwe has appealed for international help for victims of floods that have left 246 people dead and displaced hundreds since December when torrential rains started pounding a country emerging from severe drought.
Read more on the Thomson Reuters Foundation