Since the beginning of January 2017, heavy seasonal rainfall has been affecting Southern Africa.
In Mozambique, 44 people have died and 79,000 have been affected mainly in the central and southern provinces in January. The Mozambican authorities issued an orange alert for the provinces of Maputo, Gaza, Inhambane and Nampula, yet areas of Tete and Sofala provinces have also been affected. The orange alert means that government institutions are planning for an impending disaster. Continued rainfall has been forecast for the first quarter of 2017. Rains are expected to continue, which will increase the number of people affected. The risk of vector- and water-borne diseases is particularly high, as both cholera and malaria are endemic and outbreaks recurring. (ACAPS, 26 Jan 2017)
In Malawi, due to La Niña weather phenomenon since the onset of the rainy season, many districts have received normal to above normal rainfall triggering flash floods in some of the districts. Between 4 and 10 February, heavy rain caused the worst flooding in Salima District in four Traditional Authorities of Ndindi, Pemba, Kambwiri and Maganga. A total of 35,304 people have been affected. 7,216 people have been displaced and are homeless and are dwelling in school blocks. (Act Alliance, 15 Feb 2017)
On 15 February, Tropical Cyclone Dineo made landfall near Inhambane, Southern Mozambique. Shortly after, the storm evolved from severe tropical storm to Category III Tropical Cyclone and was reclassified as Ex-Dineo. The initial report indicated 3 deaths and 4 injured, damaged Infrastructure (electricity, and roads) as a result of the storm in the affected areas. The National Institute for Disaster Management (INGC) projects that urban flooding in small villages and cities may affect 200,000 people over the next 7 days and the following river basins would be at risk of flooding. (IFRC, 18 Feb 2017)
Between January and March 2017, Zimbabwe experienced severe flooding across 37 districts of the country, which damaged local infrastructure, livelihoods, transportation routes, and homes. (IFRC, 30 May 2017)
Between 18 and 23 February 2017, Botswana was hit by the tropical depression, ex-Dineo which caused significant flooding across the country. As a result of inundations, bridges have collapsed, roads have been closed, and health facilities have been flooded. The Government has closed schools in some districts to reduce the risk of children drowning, however in some districts children must still travel long distances to school in sometimes hazardous flood conditions. (IFRC, 11 Mar 2017)
In Namibia some 23,581 learners from schools in Omusati Region are currently idling at home as a precautionary measure taken by 67 schools that have been flooded by the incessant heavy rains that have deluged the north of Namibia in recent weeks. Apart from Omusati Region, schools in Ohangwena are also flooded with rainwater gushing into a number of classrooms. (New Era, 10 Mar 2017)
Heavy rain has been affecting Angola over the past days, especially the north-western provinces, causing floods. Local media reported, as of 24 March at 7.00 UTC, 11 deaths in the province of Luanda, several missing people, 700 houses destroyed and at least 5 300 houses flooded. (ECHO, 24 Mar 2017)
But plenty of ideas on how to sort out the problems are emerging, from organising slumdwellers to simply deciding which are the key risks to take on first
By Laurie Goering
LONDON, June 22 (Thomson Reuters Foundation) - Residents of Karonga, a lakeside city of about 60,000 in northern Malawi, face no shortage of risks.
A. Situation analysis
Description of the disaster
Heavy rains during the period of January-March 2017 within the Cuvelai River Basin in Angola and localized rainfalls in Oshana, Oshikoto, Ohangwena, Omusati resulted in localized flooding in Iishana (shallow flood plains).
Stephen O’Brien, Secrétaire général des Nations Unies aux affaires humanitaires et Coordonnateur des secours d’urgence
This Operations update seeks to provide an update of the activities conducted so far as well as to request of a 2-month extension with no budget changes for the DREF operation which will allow the CVM to complete the remaining procurement process for the replenishment of shelter kits which were distributed during the response. The rest of the activities have been implemented as planned.
A. Situation analysis
Above-average harvests likely to lead to largely Minimal food insecurity outcomes
• Harvests begin across Southern Africa, improving food security for vulnerable households
• Projections for June to September indicate Minimal levels of food insecurity across the region
• USAID/FFP provides nearly $270,000 in new funding to UNICEF to continue nutrition
The April 2017 harvest is expected to be above-average, with Tanzania, parts of Madagascar and northern Mozambique the exceptions. A good agricultural season is critical after two consecutive droughts led to unprecedented levels of food insecurity. Countries in the region continue to battle several hazards with potentially detrimental effects on food security, including an armyworm outbreak.
Following the impact of TD Ex-Dineo, IFRC launched a DREF for CHF 108,204 on 22 February 2017 to support the NS to an initial rapid needs assessment, deliver relief supplies to the affected population, and replenish Zimbabwe Red Cross Society stock. An Emergency Needs Assessment (ENA) was conducted in five provinces and ascertained the extent of the damage and related needs.
Imagine living in a world where it’s too expensive to eat. I don’t mean a night out at a restaurant or missing the occasional pastry. I mean when it’s too expensive to keep good nutritious food on the table. That’s what’s happening in the part of Africa where I live.
A nutritious balanced diet is out of reach for many, and a lot of people eat only once or twice a day.
For much of the last year, more than 20 million people here were dependent on food assistance; they make up half of the 40 million Africans affected by the worst drought in 35 years.
May 26, 2017 9:49 AM
BLANTYRE, MALAWI — Three years of El Nino-induced drought and flooding left half of Malawi's population dependent on food aid, but this year, the country is reporting a good maize harvest. Malawi’s government banned the export of maize and maize products in 2015 amid food shortages.
But now things are changing.
Latest crop production estimates by the Ministry of Agriculture show that maize production will rise to 3.2 million tons, up from last year’s 2.3 million tons.
FOOD SECURITY SNAPSHOT
Cereal harvest in 2017 expected to remain unchanged as dryness in central producing areas constrains national output
Weaker currency sustains high inflation rates, despite some declines in recent months
Food security conditions expected to stabilize in previously drought-affected southern provinces
Food security conditions remain stressed in flood-affected Cunene Province
Cereal crop production expected to remain unchanged in 2017
With the harvest now taking place countrywide, greater food availability has led to Stressed (IPC Phase 2) outcomes in southern and central areas, which is expected to improve to Minimal (IPC Phase 1) in June. However, it is still likely that localized poor households in areas directly impacted by the armed conflict, flooding/cyclone events or erratic rainfall in parts of the central region’s semiarid zone may face Stressed (IPC Phase 2) or Crisis (IPC Phase 3) through September and require targeted humanitarian assistance.
Five cholera treatment centres installed in the most affected provinces have already been dismantled
MAPUTO, May 19 (Reuters) - Mozambique has declared an end to a cholera epidemic that was triggered by heavy rains and infected more than 2,000 people, a senior government official said on Friday.
Read more on the Thomson Reuters Foundation
This is the first consolidated presentation of the reported results of CERF funding, covering a full year of CERF allocations. As such, it serves as a pilot and will inform future CERF results reporting. This report was compiled on the basis of information provided by Resident Coordinators/Humanitarian Coordinators (RC/ HCs) and Humanitarian Country Teams (HCTs) in 66 consolidated reports covering the results of more than 450 CERF-funded projects.
17 May 2017, Harare – The United Nations Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF) has today committed USD 1.6 million to assist over 32,600 flood-affected people with life-saving shelter, water, sanitation and hygiene and protection in 20 districts in Zimbabwe. This UN fund is in addition to USD 8.2 million allocated last year in response to the severe drought that affected over 4 million rural Zimbabweans.
The handover ceremony was held in the presence of media today at the Ministry of Local Government, Public Works and National Housing, Makombe boardroom, in Harare.
The chronic drought crisis continues to affect an estimated 1.42 million people, including 756,000 children. Temporary heavy rains have elevated the risk of cholera outbreaks and other water-borne diseases. As of April 2017, the cumulative number of suspected cholera cases stands at 392. Soyo – 218; Cabinda – 173 and Luanda – 1. In total 18 deaths have been reported: Soyo – 10; Cabinda – 8. Since week 12, a constant decrease was noted in Soyo, no new cases have been reported since week 16.
Recent seasonal rainfall helps partially alleviate abnormal dryness in East Africa
Despite rainfall during early March, significant long-term moisture deficits remain throughout central and eastern Madagascar due to very poor rains earlier in the season.
Inconsistent rainfall since late December have led to moisture deficits and deteriorating ground conditions across many parts of western Angola.
Cyclone Dineo struck the southern African country of Mozambique on 15 February. Its torrential rain and damaging winds destroyed 20,000 homes and affected 130,000 people. UK disaster relief agency ShelterBox has been working with the Red Cross to help communities rebuild.
The South West Indian Ocean brews up a cyclone season every year, and in recent months there have been five tropical storms, with three intensifying into cyclones.