Since the beginning of January 2017, heavy seasonal rainfall has been affecting Southern Africa.
In Mozambique, 44 people have died and 79,000 have been affected mainly in the central and southern provinces in January. The Mozambican authorities issued an orange alert for the provinces of Maputo, Gaza, Inhambane and Nampula, yet areas of Tete and Sofala provinces have also been affected. The orange alert means that government institutions are planning for an impending disaster. Continued rainfall has been forecast for the first quarter of 2017. Rains are expected to continue, which will increase the number of people affected. The risk of vector- and water-borne diseases is particularly high, as both cholera and malaria are endemic and outbreaks recurring. (ACAPS, 26 Jan 2017)
In Malawi, due to La Niña weather phenomenon since the onset of the rainy season, many districts have received normal to above normal rainfall triggering flash floods in some of the districts. Between 4 and 10 February, heavy rain caused the worst flooding in Salima District in four Traditional Authorities of Ndindi, Pemba, Kambwiri and Maganga. A total of 35,304 people have been affected. 7,216 people have been displaced and are homeless and are dwelling in school blocks. (Act Alliance, 15 Feb 2017)
On 15 February, Tropical Cyclone Dineo made landfall near Inhambane, Southern Mozambique. Shortly after, the storm evolved from severe tropical storm to Category III Tropical Cyclone and was reclassified as Ex-Dineo. The initial report indicated 3 deaths and 4 injured, damaged Infrastructure (electricity, and roads) as a result of the storm in the affected areas. The National Institute for Disaster Management (INGC) projects that urban flooding in small villages and cities may affect 200,000 people over the next 7 days and the following river basins would be at risk of flooding. (IFRC, 18 Feb 2017)
Despite the fact that cyclone Dineo has been downgraded as tropical depression ex-Dineo as it moved over land, it still caused heavy rainfall over 100 mm/24 hours, and strong winds in several parts of Zimbabwe. The National Disaster Response Agency issued the warning signal for 13 districts in 5 provinces – Matabeleland South, Matabeleland North, Midlands, Masvingo, and Manicaland. Communities located along the Limpopo basin and Middle Sabi valley on the Southern Part are at highest risk.The tropical depression resulted in damages to houses and public buildings, infrastructure, including roads, dams and electricity. It is also threatening that as the rains continue in the areas it might cause localized floods and inundations of agricultural land affecting production and livelihoods. (IFRC, 22 Feb 2017)
Floods triggered by Tropical Cyclone Dineo impact vulnerable populations in Mozambique, Zimbabwe
FAO convenes regional meeting on armyworm infestations
USAID partners continue to respond to drought-related humanitarian needs throughout Southern Africa
A. Situation analysis
Description of the disaster
I. NARRATIVE SUMMARY
DETAILS OF THE EMERGENCY
Maize meal and rice remained very expensive in Tete province in January
Maize grain is available in all markets except in Gaza
Prices for rice and cooking oil are well above the provincial averages in Xai-Xai (Gaza) and Chibabava (Sofala)
Food Security Outlook
Food Assistance in Numbers
- Over the three month peak of the crisis (January—March), WFP’s aims to reach more than 13 million people with food assistance in Lesotho, Madagascar, Malawi, Mozambique, Swaziland, Zambia and Zimbabwe.
- In January, food assistance reached 10.6 million people in the seven countries.
Southern and central areas continued to receive well above average rains in January
Poor rainfall was received in western and north-eastern SADC and Madagascar
The Fall Armyworm has been confirmed in 7 countries in the region. The severity of the impact on regional crop production is yet to be established
Tropical cyclones Carlos and Dineo affected the region in early to mid-February. The impacts of Cyclone Dineo are severe, particularly in southern Mozambique
1. Overall humanitarian needs and situation:
In Inhambane province, 70 health units were affected and 1,687 classrooms partially destroyed affecting 160,000 students;
949 people were hosted in three transit centers during the cyclone in Maxixe city, Inhambane province;
One death was reported in Gaza province precisely in Chibuto district;
Approximately 29,173 ha of several crops were lost in Inhambane province;
The Government have enough food stock (cereals and pulses) for immediate response but need oil, salt and sugar;
• Good performance of the current growing season (October 2016 - April 2017) is badly needed for Southern Africa after two consecutive El Nino induced droughts that led to unprecedented levels of food insecurity.
• The growing season is now well established with favourable growing condition observed in most of Botswana, Zimbabwe, Mozambique and NE South Africa. However, excessive rains have led to instances of localized flooding and higher incidence of pests and diseases.
The Mozambique Red Cross is gearing up to provide emergency assistance to thousands of people displaced from their homes this week by Tropical Cyclone Dineo, amid reports of extensive damage to homes, hospitals, schools and other infrastructure in southern districts.
Map-1: On Feb. 17, NASA's Terra satellite provided this visible image that showed the center of the low pressure area over Zimbabwe and clouds extended over found Dineo's clouds stretched over southern Mozambique, Swaziland, eastern Botswana and northeastern South Africa.
Credits: NASA Goddard MODIS Rapid Response
A. Situation analysis
Description of the disaster
Satellite Detected Surface Waters Extent and Evolution along Save River in Machanga and Govuro districts, Mozambique
The tropical cyclone DINEO has weakened to depression stage being now denominated EX-DINEO;
The cities and villages of Zavala, Inharrime, Jangamo,
Maxixe, Homoine, Morrumbene, Massinga and Funhalouro are without electricity;
Provincial government of Inhambane estimates that about 653,000 people have been affected overall;
In Inhambane, the death toll reported so far is 7 in four in 3 districts and Inhambane city;
• Tropical Cyclone DINEO continued moving west south-west over the Mozambique Channel as a Tropical Cyclone. On 15 February afternoon UTC, it made landfall near the city of Massinga (Inhambane province), as a Tropical Cyclone with approx. maximum sustained wind speed of 130 km/h. On 16 February at 00.00 UTC, it continued through the provinces of Inhambane.
The storm has brought heavy rain and winds, raising the risk of flooding and crop damage in Mozambique
MAPUTO, Feb 16 (Reuters) - Tropical storm Dineo has killed seven people in Mozambique since it hit the eastern coast on Wednesday, the government's disaster centre said on Thursday.
The storm, has brought heavy rain and winds of up to 160 km an hour (100 mph), raising the risk of flooding and crop damage in the impoverished southern African country.