On the nights of September 4 and 5, 2016, a heavy rain accompanied by strong winds caused significant material and human damage with a large number of affected people. In the area of St. Louis, it was estimated that there were about 1,313 affected families; especially in the department of Dagana that recorded 5 deaths and 106 injured, and destroyed houses, fields, schools, sleeping materials, household goods (chair, clothing, etc.) and walls. In addition, food stock reserves, poultry and livestock were lost in 4 towns and in the 40 villages mentioned below. (IFRC, 21 Sep 2016)
Recurring floods during the rainy season could affect over 210.000 persons. The provision of hygiene kits and WASH-in-Nut programmes will be essential to avoid a further deterioration of the nutritional situation and to strengthen communities’ resilience. (OCHA, 30 Sep 2016)
Chaque année, la Belgique alloue 600 000 euros à la Croix-Rouge pour financer ses interventions lors de « catastrophes silencieuses ». La seule année 2015 a été le théâtre de 346 catastrophes dont (quasiment) personne n’a entendu parler. Pourtant, elles ont causé près de 23 000 décès et affecté environ 100 000 personnes. Le manque de couverture médiatique à ce sujet entraîne une absence de soutien du public.
La Croix-Rouge vole à la rescousse
Cereal production in Senegal is up by 54 percent compared to the five year average (DAPSA, 2016). This is favorable for food availability and access in the post-harvest season, particularly for households who are meeting their food needs through the sale and consumption their own production. Minimal (IPC Phase 1) acute food insecurity is expected across the country through at least May 2017.
Accès moyen des ménages aux vivres grâce aux récoltes en vert à travers le pays
Improving drainage, storing the water, then harnessing the community to keep things working is reducing flood risks in Senegal
By Megan Rowling
YEUMBEUL NORD, Senegal, Oct 27 (Thomson Reuters Foundation) - Balla Fall, the newly elected chairman of a neighbourhood committee managing a project to protect residents from flooding, had a big job ahead of him: mobilising local people to clean up drainage reservoirs clogged with rubbish and tall grass.
Harvests are in progress throughout the region and an above-average production is expected
From early July until early October, the West Africa region has mostly received average to above-average rains that are well-distributed (Figures 1 and 2); the resulting adequate moisture conditions have met the various crops’ water requirements throughout the growing period.
Africa Weather Hazards
Key Drivers of the Crisis
The lean season, as well as low and late funding, continue to increase the overall chronic vulnerability and erode communities' resilience, many of which resort to negative coping strategies.
The nutritional situation is critical, with two several regions and departments exceeding the WHO threshold of 15%. The north east of the country is particularly affected by the nutritional crisis, requiring an urgent intervention.
Urgence alimentaire (Phase 4 de l’IPC) persistante au nord-est Nigeria
Tropical cyclone Matthew expected to impact Hispaniola
Africa Weather Hazards
Prolonged heavy rainfall during the season throughout the Niger River basin has triggered flooding and inundation along the Niger River in Mali, Niger, and Nigeria. Seasonal Inundation is also expected to be greater than it has been for many years across the inner Niger delta in Mali.
Low and poorly distributed seasonal rainfall across parts of central Senegal and The Gambia have led to strengthening moisture deficits.
Relatively well-distributed rainfall in most of the region with above normal in Burkina Faso, Mali, Niger, Nigeria and Senegal.
Normal availability of pastures in the pastoral areas of the region.
Increase in the number of food and nutrition insecure people in North East Nigeria, including 65,095 people in phase 5 (famine)
Following a brief period of suppressed rainfall, Guatemala registers heavy precipitation during the last week
Africa Weather Hazards
Prolonged heavy rainfall during the season throughout the Niger River basin has triggered flooding and inundation along the Niger River in Mali, Niger, and Nigeria. Inundation is also expected to be greater than it has been for many years through the inner Niger delta.
Continued adequate moisture conditions raise hopes for average to above-average harvest
The Intertropical Front (ITF) started its southward retreat in early September but it remains either at or north of its average position, which could mean a normal to longer growing period.
From early July until mid-September, mostly average to above-average rainfall that has been well-distributed over time has fallen throughout most of the region (Figures 1 and 2), which is ensuring good growing conditions.
A. Situation analysis
Description of the disaster
The seasonal weather forecast of the Senegal Meteorological Service showed a normal to increased rainfall season. Although the rainfall was normal to above average throughout the country, Senegal was not spared from recurrent disasters, especially torrential rains, strong winds and floods. The humanitarian situation is worrying due to possible increase of a large number of homeless people in the region of Saint-Louis, more precisely in the department of Dagana.