In Burkina Faso, heavy rainfall, which started in June and continued until 23 July 2016 has led to widespread flooding across four of the 13 regions in the country. It is estimated that up to 10,260 people have been affected, with 10 injures and four deaths also reported. Initial response and support were provided by the government, but this has since been overwhelmed with the continued rains. (IFRC, 9 Aug 2016)
As of 17 August, more than 27,000 were affected by the floods, including in the Centre region. (Gov't of Burkina Faso, 17 Aug 2016)
Chaque année, la Belgique alloue 600 000 euros à la Croix-Rouge pour financer ses interventions lors de « catastrophes silencieuses ». La seule année 2015 a été le théâtre de 346 catastrophes dont (quasiment) personne n’a entendu parler. Pourtant, elles ont causé près de 23 000 décès et affecté environ 100 000 personnes. Le manque de couverture médiatique à ce sujet entraîne une absence de soutien du public.
La Croix-Rouge vole à la rescousse
Des productions moyennes attendues dans le pays
À la faveur d’une distribution globalement satisfaisante des pluies, les récoltes s’annoncent moyennes à supérieures à la moyenne dans le pays, malgré des pertes localisées de production du fait des poches de sècheresse enregistrées à partir de mi-septembre, des attaques atypiques de chenilles sur les cultures de maïs et les dégâts habituels d’oiseaux granivores.
FOOD SECURITY SNAPSHOT
Early crop prospects are favourable due to adequate rainfall since beginning of cropping season
Coarse grain prices seasonally increased in recent months and slightly above their year-earlier levels
Humanitarian assistance continues to be needed mostly for Malian refugees in northern Sahel region
Cereal production forecast to increase in 2016 due to adequate rainfall and continued Government support
Harvests are in progress throughout the region and an above-average production is expected
From early July until early October, the West Africa region has mostly received average to above-average rains that are well-distributed (Figures 1 and 2); the resulting adequate moisture conditions have met the various crops’ water requirements throughout the growing period.
In conformity with the instructions of HM King Mohammed VI and as part of Morocco's active solidarity with the brotherly African countries, Morocco sent Tuesday to flood-hit Burkina Faso its first batch of humanitarian aid.
A plane carrying the first batch of humanitarian aid granted by Morocco, which includes 16 tons of food, medicines and blankets, arrived in Burkina Faso on Tuesday.
Sur instructions de SM le Roi Mohammed VI, et dans le cadre de sa solidarité agissante avec les pays frères du continent africain, le Maroc a envoyé mardi au Burkina Faso un premier lot d'une importante aide humanitaire destinée aux populations sinistrées, victimes des inondations.
Ce premier lot, composé de 16 tonnes de denrées alimentaires, de médicaments et de couvertures, entre autres, a été acheminé à bord d’un avion au Burkina Faso.
Participants in the regional technical consultation on agricultural and food prospects in the Sahel and West Africa, held from 19 to 21 September 2016, in Lomé, Togo, draw the following conclusions:
1. As part of preparations for the agro-pastoral season, States and their partners provided support to farmers with inputs (seeds, fertilizers, pesticides) and agricultural equipment, even if these efforts have not met the expressed needs.
Relatively well-distributed rainfall in most of the region with above normal in Burkina Faso, Mali, Niger, Nigeria and Senegal.
Normal availability of pastures in the pastoral areas of the region.
Increase in the number of food and nutrition insecure people in North East Nigeria, including 65,095 people in phase 5 (famine)
Continued adequate moisture conditions raise hopes for average to above-average harvest
The Intertropical Front (ITF) started its southward retreat in early September but it remains either at or north of its average position, which could mean a normal to longer growing period.
From early July until mid-September, mostly average to above-average rainfall that has been well-distributed over time has fallen throughout most of the region (Figures 1 and 2), which is ensuring good growing conditions.
LA CROIX-ROUGE BURKINABE OFFRE DES KITS AUX SINISTRES DE 07 LOCALITES
Flooding risks remain in East and West Africa, while rainfall deficits increase in Ethiopia and Uganda
About Weather Hazards
The Global Weather Hazards report anticipates severe weather or climate events in Africa, Latin America and the Caribbean, and Central Asia. This product provides maps with current weather and climate information; short and medium range weather forecasts (up to one week); and the potential impact on crop and pasture conditions. It does not reflect long range forecasts or food security conditions.
Africa Weather Hazards
- Persistent, above average rainfall since July has led to excessively rainfall surpluses and floods that have damaged infrastructure, displaced populations, and caused fatalities in parts of Sudan, South Sudan, and Ethiopia.
- Below-average seasonal rainfall and persistent moisture deficits in the region have negatively impacted developing crops across parts of eastern Oromia and SNNPR in Ethiopia.
- There is a potential for increased number of locusts migrating from the Arabian Peninsula which may negatively impact cropping …
1. Key points
According to the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA)’s Financial Tracking Service (FTS), donors have committed/contributed US$53 million of humanitarian assistance to Burkina Faso since the beginning of 2016.
Germany is currently the largest donor to Burkina Faso, contributing 17% of total funding so far in 2016 (US$9.1 million). The three largest donors combined account for 35% of reported funding currently in 2016.
Most West African countries are now in the middle or second half of the rainy season. The seasonal forecast of the African Centre of Meteorological Applications for Development (ACMAD), indicating the likelihood of above-average rains in parts of the central Sahel, has so far proven accurate. Mali, Burkina Faso and western Niger have received abundant rainfalls. The overall impact of flooding due to these rains can be described as average by annual comparison over the last 5-10 years. Western Niger so far has been most affected area.
Japan - Tropical Cyclones KOMPASU, MINDULLE, LIONROCK
• TC KOMPASU made landfall on 21 August in Hokkaido as Tropical Depression. Over 6 000 people have been evacuated in this island.
• TC MINDULLE made landfall on 22 August in Chiba prefecture as Tropical Storm. Two people have been killed, several have been injured, over 469 000 have been evacuated in Kanagawa prefecture. Over the next 24 h it is forecast to continue moving northeast, weakening but remaining a Tropical Storm.
26 000 PERSONNES AFFECTÉES PAR LES INONDATIONS
Depuis juin, des pluies torrentielles et des inondations ont affecté plus de 26 000 personnes au Burkina Faso, selon les autorités nationales. Au moins 12 personnes ont été tuées et 35 grièvement blessées. Les pluies ont endommagé des milliers de maisons, laissant près de 10 000 sans-abri. Les partenaires humanitaires consolident l'information sur les besoins et la réponse actuelle aux victimes des inondations.
26,000 AFFECTED BY FLOODS
Since June, torrential rainstorms and flooding have affected over 26,000 people in Burkina Faso, according to the national authorities. At least 12 people have been killed and 35 critically injured. The rains have damaged thousands of homes, leaving almost 10,000 homeless. Humanitarian partners are consolidating information on the needs and current response to flood victims.
CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC
15 KILLED IN CHOLERA OUTBREAK
What is La Niña?
La Niña is the cooling of sea surface temperatures in the tropical Pacific, which occurs roughly every three to five years, lasting from six to 24 months. On average, half of El Niño events are followed by a La Niña, which typically affects global climate patterns in the opposite way El Niño does. The intensity of the La Niña climatic phenomenon generally peaks between October and January
Purpose of this report