The mid-June 2016 seasonal heavy rain caused flash floods affecting over 177,035 people across sixteen states of Sudan. The affected people had houses and latrines destroyed in addition to destruction of schools, health facilities, roads, bridges among other infrastructure.
As of 11 October 2016, more than 35,407 families are reported to have been affected in the states of Khartoum, Northern State, Sennar, North Kordofan, South Kordofan, Kassala, Gezira, Gedarif, Central Darfur, White Nile and North Darfur according to the rapid assessment reports of the Sudanese Red Crescent Society branches, Civil Defence and HAC.
At least 36 people are reported to have died (according to the Sudan National Council of civil defence) and 147 injured across Sudan since the start of heavy rains. Over 35,407 houses are reported to have been destroyed, with over 15,574 houses partially damaged, over 2,161 latrines damaged and 416 public institutions, mostly schools, have been affected.
Based on forecasts from the Sudanese Meteorological Authority and the Ministry of Water Resources, more rains are expected. The water levels in the Nile River have increased, surpassing the water level recorded during the 1988 flooding. While the humanitarian actors in Sudan continue to provide emergency assistance in the affected states, critical needs remain in emergency water sanitation, basic health, safe water, and environmental sanitation. IFRC, 11 October 2016
UNICEF and partners provided lifesaving water supplies to 269,605 people in 13 flood affected locations in Kassala State. (UNICEF, 31 Oct 2016.)
The 2016 Humanitarian Response Plan for Sudan brings together 80 humanitarian partners to help 4.6 million people in need of emergency relief aid. Together these partners, of which 35 are national and 45 are international, requested US$952 million to provide multi-sectoral assistance across the country in 2016. Among the 5.8 million people identified to be in the greatest need of humanitarian assistance are 2.2 million who are internally displaced, 4.6 million who are food insecure and 1.5 million children under age five who are acutely malnourished.
An Action Plan for the protection of children from recruitment and use in armed conflict was signed between the UN and the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement-North (SPLM-N). This paves the way to a tangible commitment from SPLM-N to seek real solutions to protecting the children of Sudan from recruitment in armed conflict.
Of 21 children earlier released from detainment for association with armed movements, 20 have been reunified with their families and one placed in an alternative care arrangement.
Conflict displaces up to 195,000 individuals from areas of Jebel Marra since January
FEWS NET projects above-average harvests, reduced food insecurity in most areas of Sudan
Health actors record nearly 4,600 cases of AWD since late August
This revised Emergency Appeal seeks a total of 1,840,403 Swiss francs (reduced from 3,258,282 Swiss francs) to enable the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) to support the Sudan Red Crescent Society (SRCS) to deliver assistance and support to some 64,500 people for six months, with a focus on health; water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH), shelter and National Society capacity building.
For the first time in six years, UNICEF secured access to Golo, Jebel Marra (Central Darfur) to undertake an education assess-ment from 19-22 October 2016. The initial report indicates ur-gent assistance is needed for 3,739 children in five schools and 9,000 out of school children. This area has been inaccessible to humanitarian interventions since 2010.
Harvests to improve food security in most areas, but conflict likely to drive continued high needs
October 23rd, 2016 ― Doha: Qatar Red Crescent Society (QRCS) has completed a relief intervention for the victims of flash floods in Hameshkorieb, Kassala Province, eastern Sudan, by providing nonfood aid worth $50,000 for 500 worsthit families.
From August through October 2016, QRCS's mission in Sudan distributed diverse aid including 1,500 straw sheets, 1000 blankets, 1000, water containers, 1000 mosquito nets, 1000 mats, 500 tarpaulins, and 500 sets of kitchenware.
This Humanitarian Snapshot provides an overview of the humanitarian situation in Sudan, as of 30 September 2016, using information obtained from UN agencies and partners, including the Government of Sudan. People living in protracted displacement in Darfur since 2003 and those displaced or affected by conflict in South Kordofan and Blue Nile States since 2011 account for most people in need of humanitarian aid.
• Since mid-September, Uganda, eastern DRC, and southeastern South Sudan received above normal rainfall amounts, which helped ease prolonged dryness.
• In central and southern Ethiopia, particularly in SNNPR and central and eastern Oromia, below-average seasonal rains have persisted.
This has resulted in poor cropping conditions in these areas.
Between 159,000 and 194,000 people are estimated to be displaced by Jebel Marra Conflict which erupted in early 2016, civilians have been displaced.
Nevertheless, some 119,000 people returned to their homes in Jebel Mara, and the Government submitted a request to the humanitarian community for assistance to the returnees to stabilize the returns.
Period covered by this update: 5 to 25 September 2016
Date of disaster: 17 June 2016
As part of the relief program for the victims of floods in Hameshkorieb, the state of Kassala, eastern Sudan, Qatar Red Crescent Society's (QRCS) mission in Sudan distributed non-food relief aid to the affected households, including tarpaulins, mosquito nets, wool blankets, floor mats, water containers, and kitchenware.
These distributions covered 400 families throughout Hameshkorieb. The relief team will continue the distribution of relief items in affected areas, in cooperation with the Sudanese Red Crescent Society (SRCS).
UNICEF supported the Ministry of Health in responding to cases of acute watery diarrhoea (AWD) reported in Blue Nile and Kassala States. Assistance included support to AWD treatment centres, oral rehydration solution (ORS) corners, delivery of vital medical supplies as well as technical support and supplies for case management.
21 children detained for association with armed groups have been released by the Government of Sudan.
Food insecurity likely to remain worst in conflict-affected areas**
In light of the health emergency situation in Sudan caused by the proliferation of outbreaks of bacillary diarrhoea, the Italian Cooperation contributed 400,000 euro emergency aid to the International Federation of the Red Cross (IFRC). This is in response to the plea the IFRC and the Red Crescent made at the beginning of September to help approx. 64,500 people, with a special focus on water and sanitation.
A. Situation analysis
Description of the disaster
Violence in Darfur’s Jebel Marra area displaces populations
More than 90,000 South Sudanese refugees arrive in Sudan from January to August
GoS reports more than 3,000 AWD cases
June–September flooding affects more than 204,000 people
Khartoum, 28 September 2016. The Government of the United Kingdom has contributed £3 million (US$3.9 million) to the Sudan Humanitarian Fund (SHF), a United Nations fund for humanitarian response. This is the UK’s second contribution for 2016, in addition to US$9 million allocated in April 2016.
During the reporting period, 9,155 households in North, South, East, West and central Darfur was provided with ES & NFI items from the NFI Common Pipeline through implementing partners.