Rains since the beginning of June caused flooding in five states and regions of Myanmar. According to the initial reports from the Government Relief and Resettlement Department, at least 26,000 people were affected in Ayeyarwady, Bago and Sagaing regions as well as Chin and Rakhine states. A total of 14 deaths were reported from the Union-level Relief and Resettlement Department, media sources and the Rakhine State Government.(UNRC Myanmar, 14 Jun 2016)
On 1 July, heavy rain started across the country, causing flooding and landslides in Rakhine, Sagaing and Kachin. The Rakhine State Government reported that more than 24,306 people were displaced across the four most affected townships – Minbya (13,123), Ann (4,659), Mrauk-U (3,696) and Kyauktaw (2,828 people). (ECHO, 14 Jul 2016)
Floods brought by monsoon rains since late July 2016 affected a number of townships in Sagaing, Mandalay, Bago, Ayeyarwady, Magway and Yangon region and to some extent, Kachin State. According to the figures released by the Relief and Resettlement Department (RRD) on 9 August, at least 377,000 people have been displaced from their homes in the six states with Magway being the most affected area – where some 60,000 people have been displaced. Five people have died – two in Sagaing, two in Kachin and one in Yangon. Many schools remain closed across affected areas as floodwater gradually moved south towards the Ayeyarwady Delta. (IFRC, 16 Nov 2016)
Through June, July and August, heavy monsoon flooding temporarily displaced roughly half a million people in 11 states and regions. The flooding also damaged agricultural land, fish farms, schools, roads, bridges, wells and communal buildings. (OCHA, 30 Sep 2016)
State and local governments led the response to the floods, sandbagging vulnerable areas along river banks and providing food, water, relief items, cash and shelter materials to affected people. The government’s emergency operations centre was not activated and the response is mostly being managed at the state/regional level using existing resources. The government is coordinating with the Red Cross Red Crescent, civil society organizations and other actors who are providing relief supplies including food, water and oral rehydration salts. By early October, the rains lessened in intensity and the water level of previously flooded rivers started to recede. Once the flooding subsided, people started returning back to their homes and the needs for nonfood items and shelter were drastically reduced. (IFRC, 16 Nov 2016)
During one of my visits to a Women and Girls Centre in Myitkyina, a displaced Kachin woman told me a very personal story of how she and her husband transformed their relationship.
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Millions to benefit from efforts to mitigate the impact of flooding and earthquakes
WASHINGTON, 15 June, 2017— A new project in Myanmar aims to strengthen the country’s capacity to respond to disaster risks. Disasters cost the country over US$184 million annually and disproportionally hurt the poor.
Six months after the **destructive floods** that destroyed planted rice paddy, villagers from Shwe Hlay in Magway Region in Myanmar’s Dry Zone are now able to harvest winter crops thanks to the emergency quality seeds distribution that took place in November 2016.
A. Situation analysis
Description of the disaster
Monsoon rains in the last week of July 2016 brought extensive flooding in several townships of Ayeyarwarddy, Bago, Magway, Mandalay, Sagaing and Yangon regions and parts of Kachin State. The Relief and Resettlement Department (RRD) reported on 16 August 2016 that at least 474,560 people were displaced from their homes due to the floods.
Changes in context:
Last year 574 disasters were reported around the globe and 108 million people have been affected, according to the latest infographic by the Aid & International Development Forum. The vast majority (92%) of natural disasters are due to global warming. Out of 65.3 million displaced people around the world over 14% are being hosted in Asia and the Pacific.
16/02/2017 Yangon, Myanmar
The UN’s Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) today announced that it has successfully delivered emergency assistance to more than six thousand rural households across Rakhine State, a region of Myanmar where nearly half the population is engaged in the agriculture sector.
In order to avoid food insecurity and improve self-sufficiency, following two years of flooding and inter-communal violence, more than 26 000 farmers have received some 200 tonnes of high quality seeds and more than 500 tonnes of fertilizer.
At times of upheaval, pregnancy-related deaths and sexual violence increase. Reproductive health services—including prenatal care, skilled attendance at birth and emergency obstetric care—are often impacted and sometimes unavailable. Young people become more vulnerable to unsafe sex leading to HIV and other sexually transmitted infections, and sexual exploitation. And many wom- en lose access to family planning services, exposing them to unwanted pregnancy in perilous conditions.
U Maung Chay, a 48-year-old farmer and father of six, lives in one of the poorest, conflict-prone areas of Myanmar - Rakhine State. He is a member of the Muslim community, which has suffered inter-ethnic violence over several years. Many people in the community fled to displacement camps, while others sought safety in neighbouring countries. In October 2016, unresolved inter-communal tension between the Muslim minority and the Rakhine Buddhist majority once again led to an outbreak of violence.
2017 Requirements: US$25,105,000
FOOD SECURITY SNAPSHOT
Favourable prospects for 2016/17 early season crops
Rice production in 2016 forecast to recover
Rice exports in 2016 forecast to decrease
Prices of rice have decreased sharply in recent months
Floods for second consecutive year severely affected large number of people
Favourable weather conditions at start of 2016/17 early cropping season
NEEDS & KEY FIGURES
About 218,000 displaced people, of whom 78 percent are women and children, remain in camps or camp-like situations in Kachin, Shan and Rakhine. This includes 87,000 people in Kachin and 11,000 in Shan who were displaced as a result of the armed conflict that resumed in 2011 and that continues to displace people.
Hunger is not inevitable As 2016 comes to an end, almost 130-million people are in need of humanitarian assistance. Throughout the year, natural hazards, conflict and protracted crises have placed a particularly heavy burden on the poor, who are often extremely vulnerable to shocks. Across 22-affected areas, 70-million people are currently in Integrated Food Security Phase Classification (IPC) Phase 3 or above.
About 217,000 displaced people, of whom about 80 % are women and children, remain in camps or camp-like situations in Kachin, Shan, and Rakhine. This includes 87,000 people in Kachin and 11,000 in Shan who were displaced as a result of the armed conflict that resumed in 2011 and that continues to displace people. It also includes about 120,000 in Rakhine who were displaced as a result of the inter-communal tensions and violence that erupted in 2012.
When bad weather destroys crops, women have limited options - but building community savings groups could help
By Zoe Tabary
MEIKTILA, Myanmar, Nov 23 (Thomson Reuters Foundation) - Ma Nwe places a rock the size of a baseball at her feet, then tightens the string holding her bamboo hat in place.
"I can't risk it falling off," she explained, squinting in the sun. "It's only going to get hotter as the day goes on."
In October, WFP assisted 170,600 Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) in Kachin, northern Shan and Rakhine States.
WFP is assisting young children from displaced and host families with High Energy Biscuits in Myaing Gyi Ngu area of Kayin State.
WFP is preparing to proceed its flood response with 2,640 people affected by the July-August floods through asset rehabilitation activities in Magway Region.
Partial Resumption of Operations in northern Rakhine: Having received permission from local authorities to assume provision of life-saving assistance for affected populations as well as to resume its regular operations in northern Rakhine State, WFP delivered cash assistance to 9,000 most vulnerable people from both Muslim and Rakhine communities in Buthidaung Township in October. In early November, WFP assisted 7,230 newly displaced people and its regular recipients from the four villages of north Maungdaw Township that have been affected by the shocks.