Pakistan: Floods and Landslides - Mar 2016
During the pre-monsoon season, heavy rain affected several areas of the country, especially the northern areas, over a period of several days. National authorities reported at least 62 people dead, 97 injured and 171 houses damaged in the provinces of Punjab, Balochistan, Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa, FATA and in the administrative division of Azad Jammu and Kashmir, as of 18 March. (ECHO, 18 Mar 2016)
As of 13 April 2016, at least 262 people have been killed, and 223 injured, with 56% of the fatalities occurring in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KP). The rains have caused flooding, and landslides and have damaged almost 2,700 houses. Gilgit Baltistan experienced food shortages due to landslides on the Karakoram Highway. Most interior district roads remain open and passable, and damage to telecommunication infrastructure was minimal. ((OCHA, 13 Apr 2016)[http://reliefweb.int/node/1480586])
Despite the rains, the government returned 16,000 families to the Federally Administered Tribal Areas in April. While more than 300,000 families were registered as internally displaced last year, almost half have returned to their places of origin. Pakistan plans to complete return of the remaining IDPs by the end of 2016. The government will then focus return efforts on the almost 40,000 Pakistani families displaced to Khost and Paktika Provinces in Afghanistan. (US Department of State - Humanitarian Information Unit, 25 May 2016)
The last decade has seen major growth in humanitarian need, putting the international humanitarian system under pressure and stretching donor resources. Within this context, the UK Department for International Development (DFID) introduced multiyear humanitarian funding (MYHF) for protracted conflicts in 2014. This recognised the long-term nature of many of the top recipients of humanitarian aid, as well as the complexity of the contexts in which they were operating.
Provincial Disaster Management Authority
To cater to the challenges and manage the disaster in more professional manner, the Provincial Disaster Management Commission (PDMC) and Provincial Disaster Management Authority (PDMA) were established. The Government of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa established PDMC and PDMA on 27 October, 2008 to promote swift and better disaster preparedness and management within the province.
FOOD SECURITY SNAPSHOT
- Wheat production in 2016 estimated at near‑record level
- Rice exports forecast to increase in 2016
- Prices of wheat and wheat flour on increase
- Overall, food security conditions stable but localized food insecurity persists
Wheat production in 2016 estimated at near‑record level
In March and early April, extraordinarily heavy, pre-monsoon rains fell in northern Pakistan, including areas for hosted as well as returning internally displaced persons (IDPs). Despite the rains, the government returned 16,000 families to the Federally Administered Tribal Areas in April. While over 300,000 families were registered as internally displaced last year, almost half have returned to their places of origin. Pakistan plans to complete return of the remaining IDPs by the end of 2016.
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KPK Landsliding/Flash Flood Damages Estimation (March – April 2016)
Pakistan Meteorological Department has issued the seasonal outlook for spring and early summer 2016 on 4th March 2016 which states that “Prevailing oceanic, atmospheric and surface climatic conditions suggest that uncertainties in Pakistan’s weather pattern will persist towards the early Summer till the El Nino comes to neutral phase in May– June 2016.
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Mini Cyclone , Peshawar
IOM continues to assist the people and Government of Pakistan by supporting communities affected by natural disasters together with regular programmes focusing on migration management, migration health, disaster preparedness, and resettlement movements and community stabilization implemented in coordination with other development and humanitarian counterparts.
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Pakistan and Climate Change
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Recent rains which triggered the Landslide have damaged houses, infrastructure and link roads and uprooted hundreds of trees in several union councils of Kotli Sattian tehsil. The areas which are most affected by the landslide are Chaniot, Kamra, Wahgal, Malot Sattian, Burhad and Chajana.
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Islamabad 14 April 2016
As part of relief operation, NDMA has sent another C-130 aircraft carrying 8 tons of Wheat flour today. Additional sorties carrying relief will also be sent today.
So far, total five C-130 sorties carrying 28 tons of relief goods have reached to GB as per need assessment. The relief consignment comprised of Wheat Flour, children Milk Powder and other dry ration besides 550 shelters and 350 blankets. Furthermore, more flights have also been scheduled to send ration to GB till opening of KKH.
NDMA in coordination with Government of Gilgit Baltistan and with the assistance of Pakistan Air Force (PAF) has sent relief goods to GB via C-130 carrying 8 tons of Wheat Flour and 480 kg of Milk Powder (for children) to meet food shortage.
In addition, second C-130 sortie carrying 7.5 tons of ration (including lentils, sugar and Rice) is also scheduled to depart GB on 13 April, 2016. Furthermore, more sorties carrying ration will also be planned for GB till the situation normalizes.