In October 2014, heavy rains in south-central Somalia and in upper parts of the Shabelle basin in the Somali-Ethiopian border, caused flooding along both the Shabelle and Juba Rivers. The worst-hit areas were along the Shabelle River: Beledweyne in Hiraan region, and in the Middle Shabelle region, where there were some river breakages. Along the Juba River, Dolo in Gedo region, and Jilib and Jamame in Lower Juba were affected. Xudur in Bakool region also experienced heavy rains. Although there were no reports of the total number of people affected, around 2,500 in Beledweyne were displaced from Kooshin and Hawo Tako and were in need of humanitarian assistance. (ACAPS, 30 Oct 2014)
This report was commissioned by UNHCR’s Shelter and Settlements Section (SSS).
It combines the findings of two separate evaluations undertaken in Somalia in the latter half of 2014:
1) Shelter response
2) Shelter cluster coordination
Somalia has witnessed over two decades of conflict, violence, human rights violations and natural disasters, all of which have triggered repeated waves of displacement. There are still an estimated 1.1 million Somalis – approximately a tenth of the population – who are internally displaced. Most internally displaced persons (IDPs) continue to live in dire conditions in protracted displacement. For many, prospects for durable solutions remain remote.
At the end of October, 2014, heavy rains fell in south-central Somalia in the upper parts of the Shabelle basin along the Somali-Ethiopian border. The Shabelle and Juba rivers overflowed their banks, affected an estimated 50,000 people, many of whom were displaced. Initial assessments showed WaSH, shelter and food needs.
Relatively good 2014 Deyr rains, improved flow of commercial goods to southern and central Somalia and concerted humanitarian assistance helped prevent the worsening of the humanitarian situation. Despite the improvement, 731,000 Somalis are still unable to meet their minimum food needs and 2.3 million will face difficulties meeting their basic food needs over the next six months, bringing the number of people in need to 3 million.
Qatar Charity Somalia has commenced a flood recovery and rehabilitation project in the province of Middle Shabelle for the benefit of more than 93,000 people. The QAR 3.3 million (USD 900,000) project will offer support to those affected by the floods that have swept through the province during the past two years and is expected to take twelve months to complete.
Snapshot 11–17 February 2015
Myanmar: Fighting between the Myanmar army and the MNDAA, an insurgent group in the Kokang area of Shan state, displaced tens of thousands of people. Some fled into central Myanmar, while between 30,000 and 50,000 are thought to have crossed into Nansan, Yunnan province, China.
Snapshot 4–10 February 2015
Guinea: An increase in Ebola case numbers has been reported for the second consecutive week. Resistance to the response remains high in Forecariah, worst affected by the outbreak; though ten prefectures have reported at least one incident of resistance. Clashes between armed forces and the community were reported in Matoto, Conakry.
Snapshot 28 January – 3 February 2015
DRC: 30,000 refugees have fled CAR for Equateur province since December. In North Kivu, 18,000 new IDPs need humanitarian assistance; another 21,000 are in need in South Kivu. Nationwide, food security is worsening: over one-third of territories are in Crisis or Emergency phases.
1 The present report is submitted pursuant to paragraph 15 of Security Council resolution 2158 (2014), in which the Council requested me to keep it informed of the implementation of the mandate of the United Nations Assistance Mission in Somalia (UNSOM) through written reports delivered every 120 days, beginning on 25 September 2014. The report covers major developments that occurred from 1 September to 31 December 2014.
II. Political and security developments
A. Political situation
FSNAU Post Deyr 2014/15 Seasonal Assessment
Scope and timeline: Food security and nutrition assessment of rural, urban and displaced populations across Somalia between October-December (for field work)
(1) FSNAU-led assessment with the participation of Technical staff of other UN agencies, partners and government institutions
(2) Regional and All-Team analysis workshops in Garowe & Hargeisa with government and partners
(3) Technical vetting in Mogadishu (Nutrition) and Nairobi with government and partners
Snapshot 21-27 January
Nigeria: Boko Haram attacks continue, with Borno state capital Maiduguri and nearby military bases targeted on 25 January. Security forces pushed BH back from Maiduguri, but further attacks are expected. BH also raided villages in Michika local government area, Adamawa state. There are reports that BH has forbidden the use of vehicles in areas under its control.
Flooding remains likely in southeastern Africa during the next week
Africa Weather Hazards
Although average rains fell over the Greater Horn of Africa in late November and early December, the delayed onset of the October-December rainy season, combined with an erratic distribution of rains, has resulted in poor ground conditions in northern Kenya and southern Somalia.
Snapshot 14–20 January
Cameroon: 50,000 people are estimated displaced due to the recent increase in Boko Haram (BH) attacks in the northern regions. In the past week, an attack on a military base in Kolofata resulted in 143 BH killed, subsequently, BH kidnapped 80 people from one village – with three killed and 24 later released. The conflict has escalated regionally, with Chad pledging military support in Cameroon’s fight against Boko Haram.
FOOD SECURITY SNAPSHOT
•Aggregate 2014/15 “deyr” season cereal harvest is forecast at slightly below-average levels
•Prices of cereals are generally declining, but are still at high levels in most markets
•Acute food insecurity persists across the country, especially among IDPs as well as areas affected by trade disruptions and with below-average “deyr” crops due to floods or dry weather
Food security to remain stable through June despite deterioration in pastoral areas
Snapshot 17 December – 6 January
Nigeria: A series of suspected Boko Haram attacks in Borno and neighbouring states have resulted in more than 80 deaths, 225 kidnapped, hundreds of homes burneds and thousands displaced.
Central African Republic: Nearly 200,000 people need nutrition assistance. Over 36,000 people are trapped in seven enclaves across the country; a group of 474 Fulani who fled to Yaloke months ago and now cannot leave are in particular need.