Since 13 Aug 2014, continuous rainfall in north and northeastern Bangladesh, together with the onrush of water from upstream, have caused flash floods in low-lying and densely populated areas. More than 800,000 people have been affected, including 500,000 displaced. As of 25 Aug, humanitarian actors on the ground report nine deaths. The most affected districts include Nilphamari, Lalmonirhat, Kurigram, Rangpur, Gaibandha, Jamalpur, Sirajganj, Sunamjong and Sylhet. (ACAPS, 27 Aug 2014)
By 1 Sep, the number of affected people had increased to 2.8 million. Among these, more than 57,000 families (275,000 people) are displaced, including more than 31,000 families (150,000 people) whose homes have been totally inundated and destroyed. A total of 99 floods shelters are active in the affected districts, housing some of the displaced population while others have settled in along elevated roads and with host families. (IFRC, 3 Sep 2014)
Since 19 Sep, additional flooding has hit several districts in the country affecting 400,000 more people. Flash floods triggered by heavy rain and water from upstream hill areas across the border inundated vast areas in Bogra and Kurigram districts, while the Jamalpur town protection embankment developed a breach under pressure of rainwater. The heavy currents of flash floods gushing from Meghalaya of India have caused rapid inundation of Netrokona. Widespread flooding has also hit Lalmonirhat, Gaibandha, Naogaon, Brahmanbaria, and Mymensing leaving hundreds of thousands marooned, damaging houses, roads and embankments. Farmers who had replanted Aman paddy after the water started receding have lost their crops for the second time as more than 10,000 acres of crops were inundated. More than six hundred schools in the affected districts remain closed. (IFRC, 20 Oct 2014)
Appeals & Funding
This Preliminary Final Report informs a final reporting extension for two months – the Final Report will be available by 31 January 2016. The reporting extension is to accommodate the Lessons Learned Workshop (LLW) findings which is scheduled to be completed by end-December 2015. The LLW findings will be included in the Final Report. Upon clearing the expenses for LLW, the remaining unspent balance will be returned to DREF pot.
Rohingya Refugee Crisis
WFP aims to achieve significant gains in reducing hunger and undernutrition in the coming years by implementing and developing — through effective partnerships — innovative nutrition and hunger solutions and responding to emergencies.
The Asia Pacific zone (APZ) of the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) comprises the zone office in Kuala Lumpur, four regional offices in Suva (Pacific), Bangkok (Southeast Asia), Delhi (South Asia) and Beijing (East Asia) and 12 country offices, adopting a “best-positioned” strategy to support the national societies (NSs) in the zone according to their needs. Through this decentralized management structure, the Asia Pacific zone office directs the work of the regional and country offices.
Bangladesh Red Crescent Society (BDRCS) has been implementing a four-year community-based programme titled ‘Community Based Disaster Risk Reduction (CBDRR) programme’ with financial supports from the ‘Swedish Red Cross and technical support from IFRC since 2012. The programme aims to reduce the risk of vulnerable people by bringing them in decision making process and the impact of disasters on the lives of over 25,000 vulnerable people living in targeted flood, cyclone and waterlogged communities by:
2. Executive summary
The BDRCS has continued the work to enhance communication with and involvement of beneficiaries in programmes. The live call-in radio program ‘Hello Red Crescent-We listen to you’ is the only one of its kind in Asia Pacific, and will rotate between community radio stations located in some of the most vulnerable areas of Bangladesh. A story has been published on this event on the IFRC public website.
WFP aims to achieve significant gains in reducing hunger and undernutrition in the coming years by implementing and developing—through effective partnerships—innovative nutrition and hunger solutions and responding to emergencies.
To underpin the ambitious development agenda of the Government of Bangladesh, WFP focuses on enhancing the Government’s safety net programmes and on mainstreaming nutrition. WFP’s interventions are geographically directed to areas of greatest food insecurity and vulnerability, increasingly to urban slum areas.
Retail price of food: The national average retail price of rice decreased after Aman harvest which started in November and that of wholemeal wheat flour (atta) remained stable at 36 Tk/kg since June. Prices of lentils (masur) and oil (palm oil) began to increase prior to the month of Ramadan (July 2014). Although prices of oil have been decreasing since after Ramadan, prices of lentils are on an increasing trend.
During the 20th century, millions of people were forced to flee their homes in what is now Bangladesh. They were displaced both within the territory and to neighbouring areas by different triggers. As of January 2015, IDMC estimates that at least 431,000 people were displaced in the country as a result of conflict and violence. Information on their number and situation is limited, contested and outdated, however, with little known about the scale of new displacement in 2014.
Thailand - When Typhoon Hagupit roared across the east coast of the Philippines two weeks ago, the death toll was in the tens, rather than in the thousands, unlike Typhoon Haiyan the previous year.
This was in part due to Hagupit being weaker than Haiyan, but mainly due to a massive evacuation effort by the Philippine authorities, assisted by IOM and other humanitarian partners.
Bangladesh is among the most vulnerable countries to flooding and climate change impacts.
Innovative community-driven adaptations are building climate change resiliency. Around 15,000 families escaped the calamity of recent floods and protected their homes and assets by building on elevated grounds.
Pakistan: Drought conditions in Sindh have affected nearly 1.7 million people; nearly 500 have died in Tharparkar, including 296 children. In FATA, the number of people displaced by the military’s operation Khyber One in the Tirah Valley has grown to 440,000 people, adding to 993,000 displaced by operations in North Waziristan.
Liberia: Two million children are thought to be affected by the consequences of the Ebola epidemic. High levels of unemployment are affecting income: 70% of households in a recent survey said they do not have enough money to afford food.
Developing Alternative Risk Transfer Mechanism of Disaster & Climate Vulnerable Communities
Development of pro-poor river basin flood risk insurance cover for improved resilience of poor and vulnerable women, men, girls, boys, and the elderly in Sirajganj district of Bangladesh