In July 2014, heavy seasonal rains, landslides and strong winds throughout Myanmar, in particular in the lower parts of the country, caused damage, flooding, landslides, and the collapse of riverbanks in several regions. The most affected states/regions are Ayeyarwady, Bago, Kayin, Kachin, Magway, Rakhine, Shan, Tanintharyi and Yangon. (OCHA, 15 Aug 2014)
At the beginning of August, continuous rains caused flooding in Bago Region. As of 8 Aug, around 15,850 people from Bago, Kawao, Thanatpin and Wah townships were reported in temporary shelters. Authorities provided emergency assistance such as food rations and some non-food items and WFP sent an assessment team. (OCHA, 11 Aug 2014)
By the end of August, over 36,000 people had been displaced by floods or strong winds. In most cases, people took shelter with relatives, in monasteries or schools and were able to return home within a few days. In Hpakant Township in Kachin, over 3,400 people were displaced by floods after several days of heavy rainst. In Mon State, some 7,000 people were temporarily evacuated. In Rakhine State, some 6,400 people were displaced due to floods and rising river levels. (OCHA, 31 Aug 2014)
Five residential areas of Tachileik, on the border between Shan State and northern Thailand, were hit by floods caused by heavy rains on 17 Sep. Over 4,600 people were affected and evacuated to temporary sites. Schools in the region are closed until further notice. While the extent of damages have not been fully assessed, many market stalls were reported to be severely damaged. (OCHA, 22 Sep 2014)
Disasters, climate change impacts and conflicts affect millions of people every year. They destroy livelihoods and cause huge and often irreversible damage to the economic, social and cultural fabric of communities and nations. The severity of disaster impact is closely associated with inequality, conflict, environmental degradation, badly planned and managed urban development and weak governance. It is often the poor who are forced to stay in marginalised, unstable and disaster prone areas.
The normalisation of Burma/Myanmar’s international relations reached new heights in November 2014 with foreign leaders coming to Naypyidaw for the Association of South East Asian Nations (ASEAN) Summit. The democratic transition appears to be on track for national elections to be held in the last quarter of 2015. However, the reform process seems increasingly fragile on a number of fronts.
Since 2011, more than 240,000 people in total have been displaced in Myanmar, primarily in Rakhine and Kachin states. In south eastern Myanmar, a large number of people remain displaced following many years of armed conflict. Emergency preparedness is a major challenge as Myanmar is one of the most disaster prone countries in the Asia-Pacific region.
450 displaced people in need of housing after major fire in Kachin camp
Humanitarian Response Plan for 2015 targets over 500,000 people for assistance
Government strengthens disaster preparedness with new Emergency Operations Centre
Humanitarian appeal for 2014 was 59% funded
Snapshot 3–9 December
Philippines: Category 5 Typhoon Hagupit, locally known as Ruby, made landfall on 6 December over the town of Dolores in Eastern Samar province (Eastern Philippines). At least 49 of 81 provinces are potentially at high risk. The typhoon is moving very slowly, potentially subjecting each community in the path of the typhoon to high winds and torrential rainfall for much longer. 1.1 million people are affected.
Niger: 10,000 refugees arrived in Diffa region from Damasack, Nigeria. Most were fleeing forced recruitment by Boko Haram, and some unaccompanied children were reported. More than 105,000 people have arrived from Nigeria since May 2013, and the rate is increasing. The newly displaced are in a critical situation, and Diffa faces serious gaps in service provision.
Snapshot 12–18 November
Ethiopia: Waters have begun to recede from Leitchuor refugee camp in Gambella, but few refugees have returned to the camps so far, where alarming rates of severe malnutrition persist: 5.7% in Leitchuor, 7.8% in Kule, and 10% in Tierkidi. In SNNPR, flooding was reported, while in Oromia, water trucking has begun for populations affected by drought.
Snapshot 5–11 November
Central African Republic: About 20,000 displaced people are seeking refuge in isolated rural areas in Ouham province following the arrival of armed groups in Boguila, Kouki and Nana Bakassa on 25 October. Nearly 1,000 people have been displaced since July in Bambari following violence in Batobadja and Matchika, and 4,000 have been displaced since January to Berberati town in Mambere province.
By SHWE AUNG
Heavy non- seasonal showers, which lasted for four to five days in the lower delta region of Irrawaddy, has destroyed paddy fields and left farmers pondering the fate of their livelihoods.
A local farmer, Thein Aung told DVB that the rains inundated paddy fields in the area.
The flooding comes just as harvest season is set to begin in Burma. On Monday, DVB reported that the Myanmar Farmers Association (MFA) pledged to fix a set price for the new harvest, due in early December, at 350,000 kyat (US$350) per 100 baskets of paddy.
Snapshot 29 October – 4 November
Yemen: As a government was agreed by Houthi and other opposition parties, the Southern Movement announced a merger to represent all southerners in the campaign for independence. Houthi insurgents attacked the Sunni opposition Al Islah party headquarters in Ibb, while Al Qaeda killed 18 Yemeni troops during an attack in Hudaydah.
By SALAI THANT ZIN / THE IRRAWADDY
PATHEIN, Irrawaddy Division — Local farmers in Labutta Township, Irrawaddy Division, are facing hardship after their rice paddies were flooded by saltwater, wiping out several farmers’ entire harvests.
Seawater inundated the paddy fields after a sluice gate burst near Thinganlay village in Labutta Township in late August. Standing seawater remained in many paddy fields for more than a month, destroying the plants.
Central African Republic: In Ouaka prefecture, fighting among rival militias persists. Attacks on a number locations, including Bambari, have left dozens of people dead, and civilians have been executed. 3,000 people remain displaced from Bangui after violence began in the middle of the month.
Humanitarian and development assistance needed for vulnerable people in Rakhine
Rakhine: Some positive developments but access to healthcare remains a major challenge
Cross-line missions reach 30,000 displaced people in Kachin
Resettled families in Pa La Na need further livelihood support
Floods displace over 11,000 people in Shan State, Sagaing, Mandalay and Ayeyarwaddy regions
Natural disaster reports were regularly recorded in the ASEAN Disaster Information Network (ADInet) www.adinet.ahacentre.org
Only significant disasters that satisfy the following criteria will be recorded in ADInet: 1. More than 100 people affected, and 2. Involving more than 1 subdistrict,
DRC: A resurgence of ADF-NALU attacks in North Kivu are thought to have displaced 100,000 people, and killed at least 80. In South Kivu, there has been a significant increase in IDPs, mainly due to insecurity in Shabunda and Fizi territories. 7.3 million people across the country are estimated to be food insecure.
More than 100 homes, farms and plantations in Magwe Division’s Kanyin village were inundated by a flood triggered by heavy rains on 17 October.
Local residents in Kanyin said their homes and farm equipment were damaged by an abrupt surge in the water level on Friday evening that also left farms and fields buried in mud.
Residents who were most affected by the flood were evacuated to a temporary shelter at the village monastery where they were provided supplies and donations by fellow villagers – no official relief had arrived as of Sunday.
Central African Republic: 5,600 people have fled Bangui after a new wave of violence killed at least eight and injured 56. WASH and health are priority needs among the IDPs. A UN peacekeeper was ambushed and killed on the outskirts of the capital. In Kemo, IDPs have been slow to return as tensions have increased: ex-Seleka attacked Dekoa market on 11 October.
Ebola in Guinea, Liberia, and Sierra Leone: At 1 October, the total cumulative number of reported Ebola cases across the three countries had reached 7,470, including 3,431 deaths. However, the Centers for Disease Control estimates that only 40% of cases are being reported in Liberia and Sierra Leone. Social tensions and insecurity are growing. Many of the 3,700 children who have lost parents to Ebola are being rejected out of fear of infection.
· Heavy rainfall and localized floods are affecting populations throughout Burma.
· An estimated 236,000 people remain displaced and in need of humanitarian assistance in Kachin, Rakhine, and Shan states.
· The U.S. Government (USG) provided more than $45 million to address humanitarian needs in FY 2014.