Heavy seasonal rainfall started to affect parts of eastern Brazil on 7 Dec 2013, causing floods and landslides.
By 16 Dec, 15 people had been killed in the southeastern states of Río de Janeiro and Bahía (OCHA, 16 Dec 2013).
By 23 Dec, an emergency had been declared in the southeastern State of Espíritu Santo due to flooding and landslides. The army mobilized humanitarian assistance in the form of blankets, cushions and food stuffs to the most affected areas. (OCHA, 23 Dec 2013) At least 44 people have died and more than 60,000 have been left homeless, officials said on 26 Dec (AFP, 26 Dec 2013).