Somalia: Floods - Nov 2013
Seasonal rains started at the end of September 2013 across Somalia, contributing to flooding, especially in and around Jowhar town in Middle Shabelle region, where flooding had already started in mid-August due to rains in the Ethiopian highlands, the source of the Shabelle River. Heavy downpours in October and early November exacerbated the flooding in Jowhar district and parts of neighbouring Balcad district. (OCHA, 18 Nov 2013)
A joint multi-cluster rapid assessment mission carried out from 7-10 Nov identified 33 villages affected by the flooding and corroborated the approximately 11,000 households displaced reported by the local authorities, while FSNAU had a more conservative number of 7,000 household distributed along 28 villages (OCHA, 17 Nov 2013).
This report was commissioned by UNHCR’s Shelter and Settlements Section (SSS).
It combines the findings of two separate evaluations undertaken in Somalia in the latter half of 2014:
1) Shelter response
2) Shelter cluster coordination
- Over 2.3 million people are in need of assistance, out of which over 730 000 are in a crisis or emergency situation.
- Somalia’s 1.1 million displaced people remain particularly vulnerable. Over 60 per cent of those unable to meet their food needs are displaced and often face violence, discrimination and abuse.
- In 2015, the European Commission has allocated €35 million to support lifesaving assistance in the country. Delivering aid in Somalia remains extremely difficult with aid workers facing security threats and restrictions to access people in need.
Today, EU Ambassador to Somalia, Michele Cervone d'Urso, and German Ambassador to Somalia, Andreas Peschke, launched, together with the President of Puntland, H.E. Abdiweli Mohamed Ali ‘Gas’, the "Sustainable Road Maintenance Project" aiming at rehabilitating the "Garowe-Galkacyo" road.
Summary: This 6 months summary update covers the actions on part of Somali Red Crescent Society (SRCS) supported by IFRC in response to the tropical cyclone disaster that hit eastern coastal parts of the Puntland State of Somalia on 10 November 2013. Heavy rainfall and flash floods followed the tropical cyclone and caused loss of human lives and the destruction of assets including livestock and fishing boats, destroying numerous settlements, service centres, roads, schools, communications and electrical installations.
Many sources of water in Somalia have been damaged or have lacked maintenance since the outbreak of conflict in the early 1990s. Making sure that Somalis have access to safe water supplies is thus a central part of the ICRC’s work in the country.
In 2013, nearly 375,000 people – and crucially also their livestock – had their access to water improved by the ICRC.
The nutrition status of children under the age of five is generally accepted as one of the best indicators of prevailing poverty and food insecurity in the region/country. The Food Security and Nutrition Analysis Unit (FSNAU) provides a snapshot of current nutrition situation in Somalia through biannual assessment of nutrition status. Between November 2013 and January 2014 (Post Deyr), FSNAU conducted 40 nutrition surveys across Somalia covering all regions & livelihood zones and assesses nutrition status of 27, 581 children (6-59 months).
Events to commemorate the World AIDS Day were convened all over Somalia and included sports activities, performances by local traditional dancers and singers and official receptions focusing on awareness-raising.
General decrease in the total new admissions for nutrition services since January to date across all regions due to closure of nutrition programmes across the country as humanitarian funding levels have reduced significantly.
Nearly 860,000 people remain acutely food insecure in Somalia
An estimated 857,000 people will be in Crisis and Emergency (IPC Phases 3 and 4) requiring urgent humanitarian assistance between February and June 2014.
In West Africa,2013/14 grain harvests were near-average in the Sahel and market supplies improved in may parts of the region in January. Production shortfalls in eastern Niger and northern Chad resulted in atypical price increases. Institutional purchases began in January at average levels in Niger, but above-average levels in Mali. Rice imports from international markets contributed food availability in coastal countries.
Syria: Violence is ongoing across the country, with further government bombardments in the southeastern governorates of Damascus and Dara’a. To date, an estimated 2.5 million people have crossed into neighbouring countries, while 6.5 million are now internally displaced. In a separate development, the UN Security Council adopted a non-binding resolution to boost humanitarian access to Syria as increasing security incidents at the Turkish border threaten to compromise access to the north of the country.
While there have been incremental improvements, the humanitarian situation remains fragile and needs vast.
Recent findings show a slight increase in the number of severely malnourished children compared to six months ago.
Possible military operations in key agricultural areas of southern and central Somalia could have multi-layered consequences.
· SWALIM Early Warning Information Saves Lives
· Building Resilient Communities through Disaster Risk Reduction and Early Warning
· SWALIM Completes Survey of Strategic Emergency Boreholes in Northern Somalia
· Fostering Accountability through Cash Based Intervention Remote Monitoring
· SWALIM supports Somaliland Ministry of Agriculture to survey agricultural areas
· Among others
Syria: Conflict continues in the country with further infighting reported between armed groups in Deir-ez-Zor, clashes between opposition and government forces in Idleb, and governmental bombardments on the governorates of Rif Dimashq, Dar’a and Aleppo. To date, over 2.4 million people have fled the country, and an estimated 6.5 million are internally displaced. Meanwhile, the latest round of Geneva II peace talks between Syrian Government representatives and opposition leaders came to an end with little progress being made.
Food security stable but some areas experiencing crisis
Protection concerns for South Sudanese IDPs and refugees
Displacement crisis in Katanga, DRC
Reintegration challenges for expelled migrants from Tanzania
Less displacement caused by inter-communal violence in Kenya in 2013 compared to 2012
ICRC in Sudan forced to suspend operations, in talks with Government
In Syria, violence is ongoing with government bombardments on Aleppo and infighting between rival rebel factions in Deir-ez-Zor and Al-Hasakeh. Between 07-11 February, a temporary ceasefire in the city of Homs allowed for the evacuation of over 1,200 people and the entry of humanitarian convoys into the Old City for the first time in two years. To date, at least 242,000 people are trapped in besieged areas across the country. Meanwhile, the second round of the Geneva II peace talks began, with expectations regarding aid deliveries and the release of prisoners.
Snapshot 28 January – 04 February
Key Message Highlights
Nearly 860, 000 people remain acutely food insecure and require urgent humanitarian assistance over the next six month period – a majority of them are IDPs (75%)
Over 2 million additional people beyond those requiring urgent assistance are classified as Stressed (IPC Phase 2); their food security remains fragile and vulnerable to any major shock that could push them back to Crisis or Emergency (IPC Phases 3 and 4)