Heavy rains between 9-12 Aug 2013 caused flooding in Mali's Kidal and Segou regions, destroying houses, latrines and fields. Around 11,300 people were affected. (OCHA, 26 Aug 2013) On 28 Aug, torrential rains provoked flash floods in the capital Bamako, killing 37 people. At least 20,000 people were displaced. (OCHA, 11 Sep 2013)
By October, 458,475 people had been affected by flooding and over 32,000 hectares of agricultural land had been destroyed (OCHA, 17 Oct 2013).
Bamako, le 30 avril 2014 – M. Pierre Buyoya, chef de la Mission de l’Union africaine (UA) pour le Mali et le Sahel (MISAHEL) a remis ce mercredi 30 avril courant un chèque d’un montant de 50 000 dollars américains soit plus de 23 500 000 Francs CFA au Maire de la Commune 1 de Bamako, Mme Fatoumata Konté. Ce don est la contribution de l’UA aux travaux de réfection des dommages causés par les inondations de l’hivernage 2013.
FOOD SECURITY SNAPSHOT
Estimates point to a significant decline in cereal production in 2013
Pastures affected by irregular rains
Cereal markets show sign of stabilizing
Humanitarian assistance continues to be needed including for Malian refugees
South Sudan: Ethnic violence which erupted in mid-December continues, with heavy fighting reported in the states of Jonglei and Unity, and sporadic clashes reported in Upper Nile and Central Equatoria. While numbers cannot be verified due to limited access, thousands of people have been killed or injured and reports indicate that civilians are being targeted in attacks, forcing an estimated 400,000 to flee, mostly internally.
I. Causes et facteurs sous-jacents
South Sudan: Ethnic violence which erupted in mid-December in the capital Juba has now spread northwards and is ongoing in several parts of the country. Three weeks of fighting have left at least 1,000 people dead and displaced over 200,000. As government troops advanced on rebel-held cities in the northeast, peace talks between the Government of South Sudan and a delegation representing former Vice-President Machar, have started in Ethiopia. Meanwhile, discussions between Khartoum and Juba regarding the protection of the oil fields in southern South Sudan are also underway.
In Syria, government military aircraft targeted rebel-held districts in the northern city of Aleppo, killing at least 15 people according to opposition activists. In parallel, Damascus announced that it had retaken control of the key Damascus – Homs supply highway after gaining ground in the battle for the strategic Qalamoun region. London and Washington decided to suspend all non-lethal assistance to the Syrian opposition fearing that military equipment may fall under the control of Islamic radical groups.
Despite the 2013 harvest in the Sahel being equivalent to the last five years average, preliminary figures indicate that at least 13 million people (excluding Nigeria) are still food insecure, due to limited access to food. The agricultural production of the poorest households is insufficient to restore their livelihoods and is expected to cover only their nutritional needs for the next two to three months. Thereafter they will depend entirely on markets.
Snapshot 3 - 10 December
In Syria, the conflict has been going on for over 1,000 days, and to date, the war has displaced 6.5 million people internally and forced 2.3 million to cross into neighbouring countries. Meanwhile, Washington indicated that it has been in talks with Islamist opposition factions non-linked to Al-Qaeda, in order to push for a negotiated settlement to the crisis.
In Syria, the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights reported that an estimated 126,000 people have died during the conflict, more than a third of them civilians. Meanwhile, Turkey and Iran, which support opposing sides within the crisis, jointly called for a ceasefire before the beginning of the peace talks, set for 22 January in Geneva.
In Syria, government forces fully control the town of Qara after almost a week of heavy fighting which caused over 15,000 Syrian refugees to cross into Lebanon. Meanwhile, the UN stated that it has brokered an agreement allowing for the Government of Syria and opposition negotiators to meet for peace talks in Geneva on January 22. The opposition reaffirmed the conditions of its participation: the release of prisoners, humanitarian assistance for besieged towns, and the exclusion of President Assad from the new transitional government.
Snapshot 12 – 19 November
Snapshot 5 – 12 November
In Syria, the opposition agreed to participate in international peace talks in Geneva under the condition that President al-Assad is excluded from any transitional government, which constitutes a major obstacle to the initiation of the process as the Government stated it will not enter discussion if this demand is upheld. The peace dialogue has been repeatedly postponed and will not go ahead as planned in November. To date, the overall number of Syrian refugees is over 2.2 million and the number of people in need in the country stands at 9.3 million.
Snapshot 29 October – 5 November
In Syria, the opposition remains divided over their participation to proposed peace talks in Geneva, with a decision being expected by 9 November. In Damascus, the Government repeated that it will not enter discussions if President al-Assad is forced to resign. While the overall number of Syrian refugees went over 2.2 million, revised estimates indicated that the number of people in need in Syria has increased from 6.8 million in April to 9.3 million in late October. An estimated 6.5 million are internally displaced.
Les premières récoltes marquent la fin de la soudure agropastorale
La sécurisation des régions du nord malgré quelques incidents isolés permet un rétablissement plus ou moins normal des mouvements des biens et personnes. Le retour des populations déplacées et refugiées se poursuit activement avec l’appui en transport, en vivres et non vivres de l’Etat et des agences humanitaires.
· UNICEF continues to support the Ministry of Education through the Back to School initiative, which launched nationwide on 21 October with opening ceremonies taking place in Bamako, Gao, Kayes, Koulikoro, Ségou, Sikasso, as well as a ceremony in Timbuktu including the Prime Minister, the Minister of Education, the UNICEF Country Representative and UNICEF Regional Director.
In West Africa, cereals trade between the region’s surplus and deficit zones increased in September. Staple food prices remained stable throughout most of the central basin in September as producers and traders sold remaining stocks from above-average 2012 harvests. Cereal prices were stable or increased in many structurally-deficit areas as the lean season can to an end. Rice imports from international markets contributed to adequate food availability the Western Basin (Pages 3-5).
The lean season is coming to an end as food crop harvests are ongoing in the Sahel. The poorest households begin to supply their exhausted food stocks but are still facing difficulties accessing adequate food on markets.
Aggravating factors such as population displacements and floods affect livelihoods of already vulnerable and food insecure households.
FAO is assisting more than 1.7 million beneficiaries by supporting food and livestock production, and providing livelihood protection and technical assistance.
In Syria, fighting has intensified in October with the Government gaining control of strategic areas around Damascus and south of Aleppo. Meanwhile, while the number of Syrian refugees has reached almost 2.2 million people, parties to the conflict and international actors are increasingly focused on the Geneva II conference scheduled to take place in November after having been postponed several times.
The overall situation in the Sahel has improved since the food insecurity and acute malnutrition crisis in 2011/2012, with the majority of households across the region experiencing stable food security conditions in 2013, according to the USAID-funded Famine Early Warning Systems Network (FEWS NET). Nonetheless, pockets of food insecurity and acute malnutrition persisted during the year, and the U.N. estimated that approximately 11 million people throughout the Sahel remained food-insecure.
Snapshot 15 – 22 October
In Syria, conflict is of high intensity in Rural Damascus, Dar’a, Aleppo, Idleb, and Homs, and Damascus city has repeatedly been under fire from opposition mortar rounds. Clashes between rival opposition groups have spread, culminating in a bloody battle over the control of some northern Aleppo neighbourhoods. While Government forces have made gains in Rural Damascus, the opposition has won ground in Dar’a, with both sides renewing efforts to gain a firm upper hand before the proposed Geneva II peace talks in November.