Heavy monsoon rains and overflowing local rivers caused flash floods in various parts of Myanmar in late July 2013, affecting Kayin, Mon and Rakhine States, and Taninthayi and Ayeyarwaddy Regions. The flash floods initially displaced over 38,300 people, leaving six dead and one person missing, and damaged residential buildings, roads and bridges. By 7 Aug, 73,300 people were residing in temporary relocation camps. Many others were able to return to their places of origin as heavy rains ceased and the flood waters receded in most affected locations. (OCHA, 16 Aug 2013)
In September, floods displaced more than 22,000 people across many areas of the country. Many were able to return home after flood waters subsided. While some people were displaced for several weeks, most were displaced only for several days. (OCHA, 30 Sep 2013)
Due to heavy rains, the Sittoung River overflowed and flooded nearby areas in Bago Region from 28 Oct to 2 Nov. In four townships, Taungoo, Yedashe, Ottwin, and Htantabin, approximately 50,000 people were displaced by the floods and sheltered in 72 relief camps opened by the government. Two deaths from the floods were reported. Floodwaters receded on 5 Nov and as of 6 Nov, 15,830 people were in 33 relief camps. As floodwaters continued to recede, they were expected to soon be able to return to their places of origin as well. (OCHA, 30 Nov 2013)
Heavy rains followed by flash flooding in the early hours of Wednesday 27 August caused significant damage to many sections of Ban Mai Nai Soi camp in Mae Hong Son Province. Homes, NGO and CBO buildings, schools, TBC warehouses, roads and bridges were all affected by the flash flood.
TBC staff immediately visited the camp to support the community, as well as to participate in emergency coordination meetings with KnRC, Thai officials, and UNHCR.
Guinea, Liberia, Sierra Leone: The Ebola outbreak that started at the beginning of 2014 has resurged, with more than 635 cases recorded, including 399 deaths, as of 23 June. WHO is urging a wider, inter-country response to the subregional crisis.
South Sudan: SAM was found to be at 6% from a screening of 500,000 children. In Bentiu UN base, the under-five mortality rate has passed the emergency threshold. 2,300 cases of cholera have been reported.
Iraq: 1.2 million people have been displaced by the ISIL June offensive and the Anbar crisis. Humanitarian access to militant-held areas remains a challenge. The security situation in Anbar, Ninevah, Salah al Din and Diyala is volatile and unpredictable. Host communities are facing difficulties assisting new IDPs and over 226,000 Syrian refugees.
Pakistan: The military offensive against the Taliban in North Waziristan has reportedly killed up to 30 Taliban and displaced at least 300,000 people to neighbouring provinces as well as Afghanistan.
FOOD SECURITY SNAPSHOT
Planting of the 2014 main season rice crop began amid dry conditions
The 2013 rice production unchanged from 2012
Slightly higher cereal exports forecast for 2013/14 marketing year (July/June)
Price of rice generally stable but at high levels
Food insecurity concerns remain in some areas
Syria: Violence continues, with opposition infighting in the northwest and heavy clashes across large parts of the country, including Rural Damascus. While several military ceasefires have allowed some access to besieged areas, insecurity continues to interrupt aid distribution, and access to Ar-Raqqa, Deir-ez-Zor and areas around the capital remains highly constrained. To date, over nine million people are estimated to have been displaced by the crisis, at least 2.5 million of whom have crossed into neighbouring countries.
Natural Disasters in Asia-Pacific 2013
Regional Humanitarian Partnerships Forum 2013
Partnering with Regional Organizations
NATURAL DISASTERS IN ASIA-PACIFIC 2013
Syria: Violence is ongoing across the country, with rebel infighting in the northwest and renewed clashes in parts of Damascus. While several military ceasefires have allowed some access in besieged areas, insecurity continues to interrupt aid distribution, and access remains highly constrained from Damascus to Rural Aleppo, where 1.25 million people are estimated to be in need of food assistance. To date, over 9 million people have been displaced by the crisis, 2.5 million of whom have crossed into neighbouring countries.
Syria: Violence is ongoing across the country, with further government bombardments in the southeastern governorates of Damascus and Dara’a. To date, an estimated 2.5 million people have crossed into neighbouring countries, while 6.5 million are now internally displaced. In a separate development, the UN Security Council adopted a non-binding resolution to boost humanitarian access to Syria as increasing security incidents at the Turkish border threaten to compromise access to the north of the country.
Syria: Conflict continues in the country with further infighting reported between armed groups in Deir-ez-Zor, clashes between opposition and government forces in Idleb, and governmental bombardments on the governorates of Rif Dimashq, Dar’a and Aleppo. To date, over 2.4 million people have fled the country, and an estimated 6.5 million are internally displaced. Meanwhile, the latest round of Geneva II peace talks between Syrian Government representatives and opposition leaders came to an end with little progress being made.
In Syria, violence is ongoing with government bombardments on Aleppo and infighting between rival rebel factions in Deir-ez-Zor and Al-Hasakeh. Between 07-11 February, a temporary ceasefire in the city of Homs allowed for the evacuation of over 1,200 people and the entry of humanitarian convoys into the Old City for the first time in two years. To date, at least 242,000 people are trapped in besieged areas across the country. Meanwhile, the second round of the Geneva II peace talks began, with expectations regarding aid deliveries and the release of prisoners.
Snapshot 28 January – 04 February
The U.N. calls for a full investigation amid reports that communal violence in Rakhine State resulted in more than 40 deaths in mid-January
Violence displaces approximately 3,500 people in Mansi Township, Kachin State
Fires in Burmese refugee camps in Thailand result in one death, increase pressure on refugees to return
Snapshot 21 – 28 January
Central African Republic: While the capital Bangui remains relatively calm, the security situation in the northwest of the country remains highly volatile with several clashes reported between ex-Seleka and anti-Balaka factions. An estimated 902,000 people are now internally displaced as a result of the ongoing violence - half of them in the capital, and over 246,000 people have fled to neighbouring countries. Meanwhile, the European Union has approved the six-month deployment of a joint contingent of up to 1,000 soldiers to support French and African Union forces.
South Sudan: Ethnic violence which erupted in mid-December continues, with heavy fighting reported in the states of Jonglei and Unity, and sporadic clashes reported in Upper Nile and Central Equatoria. While numbers cannot be verified due to limited access, thousands of people have been killed or injured and reports indicate that civilians are being targeted in attacks, forcing an estimated 400,000 to flee, mostly internally.
Mr. Zaw is a 49 years-old farmer living in a small village at the border of Kyainn Seikgyi and Kyaikmayaw. He grew up doing farming until he took over his father’s business. He is taking care of his wife and four kids. Two of them are still in school while the older daughter is married. The oldest son helps Mr Zaw run the family business.
South Sudan: Ethnic violence which erupted in mid-December in the capital Juba has now spread northwards and is ongoing in several parts of the country. Three weeks of fighting have left at least 1,000 people dead and displaced over 200,000. As government troops advanced on rebel-held cities in the northeast, peace talks between the Government of South Sudan and a delegation representing former Vice-President Machar, have started in Ethiopia. Meanwhile, discussions between Khartoum and Juba regarding the protection of the oil fields in southern South Sudan are also underway.
By NANG MYA NADI
Extreme weather in Shan state has inundated farmlands and destroyed homes, wiping out crops in Kengtung for the third time this year.
Heavy rain lasting several days caused the Namhkun and Namhket creeks to overflow, flooding the surrounding farmlands and causing the collapse of two bridges, connecting Kattauk and Yangain villages, and Yangpauk and Wantpan villages.