The 2012 rainy season in Nigeria has been worse than earlier years, and heavy rains at the end of August and the beginning of September led to serious floods in most parts of the country. The Nigerian authorities contained the initial excess run-off through contingency measures, but during the last week of September water reservoirs have overflown and authorities were obliged to open dams to relive pressure in both Nigeria and neighboring Cameroon and Niger, leading to destroyed river banks and infrastructure, loss of property and livestock and flash floods in many areas. By 29 Sep, the floods had affected 134,371 people, displaced 64,473, injured 202 and killed 148. (IFRC, 29 Sep 2012)
By the end of October, more than 7.7 million people had been affected by the floods, and more than 2.1 had registered as IDPs. 363 people were reported dead, almost 600,000 houses had been damaged or destroyed. Out of Nigeria's 36 states, 32 have been affected by the floods. (OCHA, 15 Nov 2012)
By January 2013, the rivers were back at their usual water levels and further flooding was not expected in the short term (IFRC, 29 Jan 2013).
Results & Achievements
A Post-Disaster Needs Assessment (PDNA) following record rainfall and flooding in Nigeria utilized extensive partnerships – such as the United Nations, the European Union, and others – to report on a relatively rapid timescale.
After comprehensive analysis of the damages and losses across a wide spectrum of sectors, teams identified the need for more than $7 billion in necessary recovery funding.
Around 9.5 million people are affected by conflict and natural disasters, with 255 000 internally displaced in the northeast and around 70 000 refugees and returnees in Niger, Cameroon and Chad.
There is an urgent need for a better assessment of the humanitarian situation in the northeast of the country - where a state of emergency is in force and escalating violence has led to the death of at least 1 500 civilians since the beginning of 2014. Relief organisations' capacity to provide assistance and protection for victims of the armed conflict should be increased.
Nigeria has the highest number of acutely malnourished children in West Africa. Despite a gradual increase in the number of children that are being treated, more efforts are needed by the Nigerian authorities and donors to scale up the prevention and management of malnutrition.
IBAJI, 14 February 2014 (IRIN) - Residents displaced by the 2012 deluge in Nigeria’s Kogi State have by now returned to their villages, where the lingering destruction and scarcity of food have increased hardship. But the struggle to recover has also inspired agricultural transformation.
Rreceive assistance from Nigerians in UK
At least 16,470 internally displaced persons (IDP) are officially registered and living in various camps across several states in the country presently, the National Emergency Management Agency (NEMA) has said.
This volume is the third of an annual series, which aims to provide the reader with regularly-updated assessments on the changing nature and dynamics of environmental migration throughout the world. The idea for it stemmed from the course 'Environment and Migration', taught at the Paris School of International Affairs (PSIA) of Sciences Po. The course, which is thought to be the first of its kind in the world, examines the complex relationship between environmental change and migration flows. The best of these papers have been selected and edited, and are presented in this volume.
The activities proposed hereafter are still subject to the adoption of the financing decision ECHO/WWD/BUD/2014/01000
AMOUNT: EUR 7 500 000
In West Africa, market supplies improved throughout the region in October due to average ongoing harvests. Carryover stocks were average to above-average in Mali, Burkina Faso, and Benin but below-average in many areas of the Niger and Nigeria due to the effects flood and conflict that disrupted the marketing system in 2012 and early 2013. Stable rice imports from international markets contributed to food availability in Senegal and Mauritania (Pages 3-5).
Insécurité alimentaire en baisse au Sahel mais risque de dégradation dès janvier 2014
Les récoltes seront globalement moyennes à bonnes dans la région. À la faveur des récoltes en cours, la plupart des ménages sont capables d’avoir une consommation alimentaire suffisante et de satisfaire leurs besoins non alimentaires grâce aux revenus tirés de la vente des produits de rente et de la main d’œuvre. L’insécurité alimentaire minimale de type IPC Phase 1 est observée actuellement dans la quasi-totalité des régions.
Summary: The Emergency Appeal operation supported by the International Federation of the Red Cross and RED Crescent Societies (IFRC) has progressed as planned following its revision in May 2013, with the emergency and recovery assistance provided well received by the population affected by the 2012 floods in Nigeria. The 12-months summary update reports on progress from November 2012 to October 2013 as summarized below.
In West Africa, cereals trade between the region’s surplus and deficit zones increased in September. Staple food prices remained stable throughout most of the central basin in September as producers and traders sold remaining stocks from above-average 2012 harvests. Cereal prices were stable or increased in many structurally-deficit areas as the lean season can to an end. Rice imports from international markets contributed to adequate food availability the Western Basin (Pages 3-5).
By David Fogden, IFRC, and Victoria Madamidola and Charles Eri, Nigerian Red Cross Society
The lean season continues in the Sahel, and the poorest households are still facing difficulties accessing adequate food.
Floods have caused crop losses and affected livelihoods in the Niger and Nigeria.
With the USD 20.9 million received so far in 2013, FAO is assisting more than 1.7 million beneficiaries by supporting food and livestock production, and providing livelihood protection and technical assistance.
In West Africa, the effects of last year's flood-related production shortfalls and civil insecurity in Nigeria continue to disrupt staple food and livestock markets. Staple food prices remained stable in the central basin in July as producers sold remaining stocks from above-average 2012 harvests. Cereal prices were stable or increased in most structurallydeficit areas as the lean season progressed. (Pages 3-5).
Le conflit continue à perturber les marchés au Nigéria ; des niveaux élevés d’insécurité alimentaire dans les zones avoisinantes
By David Fogden, IFRC, and Victoria Madamidola, Nigerian Red Cross Society
Salatamba Gimba is a widow who lives with her five children in Ozahi, Kogi State, a community close to the Niger River. In 2012, her village experienced severe flooding following heavy rains across most parts of the country, which led to the Niger and Benue Rivers bursting their banks.
Salatamba and her children escaped the rising flood waters, moving to Oze, a village five kilometres away. That was almost a year ago. The family still lives there today.
Author: Elias Ntungwe Ngalame
YAOUNDE (Thomson Reuters Foundation) - As this year’s rainy season gathers momentum, authorities in Cameroon and Nigeria fear a repeat of the 2012 crisis when waterways burst their banks and devastated entire villages, killing some 180 people across the north of both countries.
Read the full story on AlertNet.
“It is the first time I had witnessed such a flood,” explains Rebecca Nathaniel, a 45-year-old widow and mother of six. Rebecca lives in Odugwu, Kogi State, a village that was badly affected by the worst floods in Nigeria in more than 40 years.
“The floods arrived at night, but I was able to escape by tractor with my children to Idah town where I took refuge in a school with lots of families from many other communities that had also been flooded,” she says.