The 2012 rainy season in Nigeria has been worse than earlier years, and heavy rains at the end of August and the beginning of September led to serious floods in most parts of the country. The Nigerian authorities contained the initial excess run-off through contingency measures, but during the last week of September water reservoirs have overflown and authorities were obliged to open dams to relive pressure in both Nigeria and neighboring Cameroon and Niger, leading to destroyed river banks and infrastructure, loss of property and livestock and flash floods in many areas. By 29 Sep, the floods had affected 134,371 people, displaced 64,473, injured 202 and killed 148. (IFRC, 29 Sep 2012)
By the end of October, more than 7.7 million people had been affected by the floods, and more than 2.1 had registered as IDPs. 363 people were reported dead, almost 600,000 houses had been damaged or destroyed. Out of Nigeria's 36 states, 32 have been affected by the floods. (OCHA, 15 Nov 2012)
By January 2013, the rivers were back at their usual water levels and further flooding was not expected in the short term (IFRC, 29 Jan 2013).
Since 2007 the number of affected people by floods in West Africa is increasing.
In 2012, heavy rainfalls resulted into widespread floods affecting more than 3 million people in West and Central Africa, especially in Nigeria, Niger, Chad and Senegal.
A large part of the affected people are already highly vulnerable due to the Food Security and Nutrition Crisis in the Sahel.
This preliminary Emergency Appeal seeks CHF 899,094 in cash, kind or services to support the Nigeria Red Cross Society to assist 10,000 beneficiaries for 6 months, and will be completed by 25 March 2013. A final report will be made available by 25 June 2012, 3 months after the end of the operation,
CHF 200,000 was allocated from the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent (IFRC) Disaster Relief Emergency Fund (DREF) to support this operation. Unearmarked funds to replenish the DREF are encouraged.
More than 1.5 million people affected by floods in 13 countries from West and Central Africa
As of 15 September the number of deaths is estimated at 340, mainly in Niger and Nigeria
More than 1.5 million people affected by the floods
According to data collected to date, more than one and a half million people were affected by heavy rains that fell on West and Central Africa the months of July and August 2012. Niger, Chad, Senegal and Nigeria together account for more than 90 per cent of identified affected people.
Between early July and early September 2012, flooding claimed an estimated 137 lives in Nigeria and forced thousands more to relocate, according to Reuters. In addition to the challenges posed by heavy rains, Nigerians had to cope with the release of water from the Lagdo Dam in neighboring Cameroon, which further swelled the Benue River. Flooding from the dam release was blamed for 30 deaths in Nigeria, Agence France-Presse reported.
A total of 21,370 new cases of children with Severe Acute Malnutrition (SAM) have been treated in July in the 378 Community Management of Acute Malnutrition sites.
95,262 Children with SAM about 46% of the 208,000 target are yet to be reached. 112,738 children were already admitted into the treatment sites from January to July, of these 104,057 are from Sahelian States and 8681 are from the three non-Sahelian states. The Scale up plan has been developed with implementation dependent on available resources.