In an already intense rainy season, heavy rains inundated the Comoros Islands from 20 Apr 2012, causing the worst flooding in decades. The heavy downpours resulted in landslides, collapsed bridges, loss of livestock and contamination of rain water tanks, isolating many areas and impeding the evacuation of affected communities. Four people were killed and 83 were severely injured. 174 houses were completely destroyed, 307 houses lost their roofs and 1,774 were flooded. 64,987 people (8% of the total population) were directly affected by the floods (17,232 in Grande Comore; 30,063 in Anjouan and 17,592 in Mohéli). Another 80,000 people in Moroni and 3,900 in Mitsoudje were indirectly affected by broken water pumps.
Most small scale farmers lost their crops, which typically included bananas, coconuts, sweet potato, vanilla and cloves, as a result of the extensive damaged caused by rocks and debris as a result of the flooding. The floods covered the affected land with stones and sand, and resulted in hydro-geography changes in the landscape, opening new water ways, which poses a risk in terms of future floods.
Six months after the flooding, the situation in the country had improved significantly. Nevertheless, water quality remained a concern especially for households who are using water tanks. (IFRC, 3 Dec 2013)
Appeals & Funding
Period covered by this Final: May 2012 to March 2013
Appeal target (current): CHF 624,074
Appeal coverage: 100%
This Emergency Appeal was initially launched on 4 May 2012 with for CHF 801,629 to assist 20,000 beneficiaries (4,000 families) affected by Flash Floods for 6 months.
CHF 100,000 was initially allocated from the Disaster Relief Emergency Fund (DREF) to support the National Society in the initial emergency phase.
La Fédération internationale des Sociétés de la Croix-Rouge et du Croissant-Rouge (FICR) et le Groupe de la Banque africaine de développement (BAD) ont signé à Tunis, le 3 octobre, un protocole d’accord de coopération, visant à améliorer les conditions de vie des populations les plus vulnérables en Afrique.
This report covers the period 1 January 2012 to 31 December 2012
This report covers the period 1 January to 31 December, 2012.
Comoros: Flash Flooding
On Grande Comore island, heavy rains between 30 April and 1 May caused some rivers to overflow. An estimated 172 families were affected, of which 82 families had to stay with community members. Some affected people have already started returning to their homes. Government, with support from partners, is assisting those affected. A request for international assistance is not expected.
Mozambique: Early Recovery Strategy
WASHINGTON, March 28, 2013 – The World Bank’s Board of Executive Directors today approved a grant of US$3 million to help Comoros scale up an emergency response in parts of the island hit by recent devastating floods. The new financing will also help to alleviate the ongoing impact on communities of the global economic crisis and high food prices.
1.0 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
The purpose of this review is to examine the extent to which the goal, objectives and expected results of the Comoros Flash Floods emergency operation were achieved in terms of its relevance to the needs of the beneficiaries and its effectiveness and timeliness and assesses lessons to be learned for future operations.
This Revised Emergency Appeal extends the duration of the existing appeal an additional 5 months, for a reduced amount of CHF 624,074 to support the Comoros Red Crescent to complete outstanding activities and carry out a final evaluation. This operation will be completed by the end of March 2013. The final report will be made available by June 2013, three months after the end of the operation.
Appeal coverage: 78% against the original budget and 100% against the revised appeal budget.
· The Union of the Comoros increases its resilience to heavy human and economic losses due to natural disasters
· World Bank funded immediate recovery efforts focus on the most affected communities
· Efforts to mainstream disaster risk reduction into development policies complement the Comoros agenda to improve disaster risk reduction
This report covers the period 01/01/2012 to 30/06/2012
Prone as they are to natural disasters the Indian Ocean Islands are yet again experiencing both cyclones and flash floods. During the reporting period both Madagascar and the Comoros were hit by disasters, as heavy storms hit Madagascar and heavy rains flooded parts of the Comoros.
From 20 – 25 April 2012, the three islands of the Union of Comoros – Grande-Comore, Anjouan and Moheli - were hit by extremely high levels of torrential rains: 1,738 mm - almost seven times the average of 267 mm for the same month from 1971 to 2000 and representing 72 % of the total annual average of 1971-2000. On 25 April, a “State of National Disaster” was declared by the President of the Union of Comoros, followed by a request for international assistance.
PRETORIA, 11 septembre 2012 (IRIN) - En avril dernier, l'archipel des Comores a été balayé par des pluies comme personne n'en avait vu depuis des décennies, qui ont déplacé des familles entières et détruit les cultures et les sources de revenus des plus pauvres.
PRETORIA, 10 September 2012 (IRIN) - In April, the archipelago nation of Comoros was lashed by its heaviest downpour in decades, uprooting families and the destroying crops and incomes of its poorest people.
In this issue
2012/13 Seasonal Rainfall Forecast P.1
Regional Food Security Worsens P.2
Comoros Early Recovery Plan P.5
Regional Humanitarian Trainings P.5
COMOROS: A donor round table meeting to launch the Comoros Early Recovery Plan will be held on 5 September 2012, in Pretoria, South Africa.
CERF: Agencies have begun beneficiary selection and discussion with relevant line ministries regarding the implementation of CERF funding. A response plan to the food security crisis should be released shortly pending the government's presentation of their response plan.
Period covered by this Operations Update: 4 May 2012 to 23 July 2012
Appeal target (current): CHF 801,629
Appeal coverage: 86%.
This Emergency Appeal was initially launched on 4 May 2012 for an amount of CHF 801,629 (in cash, kind or services) over a six month period to assist 20,000 beneficiaries (4,000 families).
CHF 100,000 was initially allocated from the Disaster Relief Emergency Fund (DREF) to support the National Society in their initial emergency response.
THE EUROPEAN COMMISSION,
Having regard to the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union,
Having regard to the ACP-EC Partnership Agreement signed in Cotonou on 23 June 2000 and revised on 22 June 20101, and in particular Article 72 thereof,
Having regard to Council Regulation (EC) No 617/2007 of 14 May 2007 on the implementation of the 10th European Development Fund under the ACP-EC Partnership Agreement2, and in particular Articles 5.4 and 8 thereof;
HIGHLIGHTS / KEY PRIORITIES
The water supply in Moroni and surroundings is being restored; however, some 50% of water is lost due to leaks.
Water, Sanitation and Hygiene promotion is a priority.
Surveillance is in place in all three islands and malaria cases are now under control.
Activities in the agriculture sector have been intensified. There is a fear among the population of insufficient food supplies – in particular domestic - during the forthcoming Ramadan.
Le Président de la Commission remet un chèque de 300.000 Dollars américains à l’ambassadeur des Comores
Addis-Abeba, Ethiopie, 5 juillet 2012 -- Suite aux glissements de terrain et aux inondations qui ont frappé l’Union des Comores, l’Union africaine (UA) a fait don de 300.000 dollars américains pour venir en aide aux victimes de ces catastrophes naturelles.