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Life on the frontline

Somalia: a country in the grip of extreme violence and the most severe food crisis in 60 years.

It’s one of the worst places in the world to be a child. It’s also one of the most dangerous places to be an aid worker.

Here are the voices of some of the amazing people who are on the ground, saving lives.

Sonia Zambakides, Humanitarian Director

“We have the most incredible people. Some have worked for us for up to 20 years, through numerous government changes and insecurity, and for some this is the second food crisis.

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World + 13 others
Malgré des stocks alimentaires en hausse, la faim risque de persister au Sahel et au Proche-Orient

L’insécurité alimentaire s’aggrave en Syrie et au Yémen, dans un climat de troubles civils

13 juin 2012, Rome - D'après le bulletin trimestriel de la FAO sur la production agricole et la sécurité alimentaire, les perspectives sont globalement bonnes pour la production céréalière mondiale, mais plusieurs régions devraient faire face aux conséquences des pluies insuffisantes, du climat rigoureux, des conflits armés et des déplacements de populations.

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Somalia Food Security Outlook Update, May 2012

Gu season crop performance in Southern, Central, and Northern Somalia near average

Key messages

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MAASO001 Annual report 2011

This report covers the period 1 January to 31 December 2011

In brief

Programme outcome:

In line with the aims of the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies’ (IFRC) Strategy 2020, the Somali Red Crescent Society’s (SRCS’) 2011 support programme aims at contributing to saving lives, protecting livelihoods and strengthening recovery from disasters (drought) through scaling up health and nutrition services, rehabilitating water sources and distributing non-food items to drought affected populations.

Programme summary:

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Humanitarian Dashboard - Somalia, April 2012

SITUATION OVERVIEW

  • An estimated 2.51 million people remain in crisis situation in Somalia, with 52% located in the South Central Region.

  • The nutrition situation in Mogadishu has improved, but remains unchanged in the rest of the country.

UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs:

To learn more about OCHA's activities, please visit http://unocha.org/.

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Somalia + 3 others
Response to the Horn of Africa Emergency: A continuing crisis threatens hard-won gains - Regional six-month Progress Report

UNICEF report: despite recent improvements, outlook for the Horn of Africa increasingly worrisome

More than 8 million people need emergency assistance

NAIROBI, 11 April 2012 – The massive humanitarian response in the Horn of Africa in 2011 reversed the spread of famine and saved tens of thousands of children’s lives, but the outlook is increasingly worrisome, threatening the tentative gains achieved to date, according to a new UNICEF report.

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Humanitarian Dashboard - Somalia, March 2012

SITUATION OVERVIEW

  • About 2.51 million people are still in crisis in Somalia, according to FSNAU/FEWSNET analysis of April 2012. Approximately 52% are in the South, including Banadir.

  • This is an improvement from the severe food insecurity situation realized in 2011, when 4 million people were food insecure.

  • However, forecasts of insufficient rains in Somalia threaten to reverse gains made since last year. Nonetheless, preparations for Gu rains agricultural activities are on-going.

UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs:

To learn more about OCHA's activities, please visit http://unocha.org/.

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FSNAU Technical Series Report No VI. 44: Nutrition Analysis Post Deyr 2011/12

  1. Executive Summary

Nutrition Situation Overview

A significant scale-up of emergency response since September/October 2011, in combination with the off season harvest and the Deyr (October-December) 2011 harvest has had a significant impact on improving food access, acute malnutrition, and mortality levels in the southern Somali population. As a result, famine outcomes characterized by evidence of of all three of the following outcomes, based on the Integrated Phase Classification (IPC) version 2.0, are no longer existent in Southern Somalia:

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Humanitarian Dashboard - Somalia, February 2012

SITUATION OVERVIEW

  • FSNAU/FEWSNET announced the end of famine conditions in Southern Somalia on 3 February 2012, with 2.34 million people still in crisis. However, approximately 2.51 million people (33%of the population) are predicted to be in crisis in Somalia between February and June 2012, (FSNAU Technical Report, 2 March 2012).

  • The southern regions are hardest hit, hosting 70% (1.7 million) of people in crisis. The most critical needs are food, clean water, and shelter.

UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs:

To learn more about OCHA's activities, please visit http://unocha.org/.

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Middle Juba Fact Sheet, February 2012

Operational Context

Middle Juba has been under Al Shabaab’s control since 2008 and the region was generally stable until January 2012 when Kenyan and Ethiopian forces and their TFG allies began to advance towards the region from the South and the West, respectively. Jilib district was repeatedly hit by airstrikes, resulting in civilian deaths and casualties.

The Middle Juba region is prone to frequent droughts and floods resulting in aid‐dependency, food shortages and diseases outbreaks.

UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs:

To learn more about OCHA's activities, please visit http://unocha.org/.

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ICRC remains fully committed to helping Somalis

Geneva/Nairobi (ICRC) – The International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) regrets the decision of the Office for Supervising the Affairs of Foreign Agencies of the Harakat Al-Shabaab Al Mujahideen to terminate the agreement under which the ICRC was allowed to deliver emergency food aid in Al-Shabaab administered areas of Somalia.

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Humanitarian Dashboard - Somalia, January 2012

SITUATION OVERVIEW

  • While the famine situation has eased, approximately 2.34 million people (31%of the population) still need life-saving assistance in Somalia, according to FSNAU report of 3 February 2012.

  • 1.7 million people (73 % of people in crisis) are in southern Somalia. They need food, clean water, shelter, and other assistance to survive.

UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs:

To learn more about OCHA's activities, please visit http://unocha.org/.

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Somalia Deyr 2011/12 Analysis, Gedo Region

Main Livelihood Groups

Sources of Food and Income

Livelihood Groups & Main Sources of Food and Income

2 Pastoral Livelihoods (Southern Inland and DawoPastoralists)

  • Primary sources of income of poor: sale of livestock & livestock products

  • Primary sources of food of poor: purchase and own production

  • Primary livelihood assets of poor: camel, cattle and sheep/goat

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Somalia Deyr 2011/12 Analysis, Juba Regions

Deyr 2011-12 Seasonal Assessment Coverage

Field Access and Field Data Locations

Assessment was entirely carried out via teleconferencing with enumerators and key informants due to insecurity

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Somalia + 3 others
6 Months Later: CARE’s Response to the Horn of Africa Crisis

Report
CARE

In the last six months CARE has reached over 1.8 million affected people throughout the region /Long-term recovery efforts aim at building resilience to food insecurity

On July 20th, 2011, the United Nations declared a state of famine in two areas of southern Somalia: the Bakool agropastoral livelihood zones and all areas of Lower Shabelle. Subsequently, four more Somali areas have been declared as a famine. At that point, the whole region of the Horn of Africa was suffering from the worst drought in more than 60 years, affecting Somalia, Ethiopia, Djibouti and Kenya.

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Food insecurity remains at emergency and famine levels across South Somalia

NAIROBI [ACTED News] – Food insecurity remains at emergency and famine levels across much of South Somalia, in spite of recent gains in food availability and falling prices, the Famine Early Warning Systems Network (FEWSNET) has reported. While three regions (Bay, Bakool and Lower Shabelle) were reclassified as being in Emergency from Famine-level conditions in November, famine conditions persist in Middle Shabelle, and among internally displaced populations in and around Mogadishu.