1 RESUME EXECUTIF
1.1 CONTEXTE ET JUSTIFICATION
Les deux dernières décennies au Togo ont été marquées par une instabilité politique qui a affecté le développement socio économique du pays. Le contexte a été caractérisé par des épisodes de tensions politiques et de troubles post électoraux ayant conduit à des afflux de réfugiés dans les pays voisins, la suspension de l'aide bilatérale et multilatérale et le retrait des principaux bailleurs de fonds.
1. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
Alongside some noticeable progress – notably the effort undertaken by stakeholders and states in the region to improve coordination through preparedness and contingency planning exercises and increases in national capacities to mitigate and respond to emergencies – the first six months of the year witnessed important humanitarian emergencies in the region.
Why a Comprehensive Food Security and Vulnerability Analysis in Ghana?
There is a wealth of information available in Ghana. Numerous nationwide surveys are conducted on a regular basis, such as the Ghana Living Standard Survey (GLSS), the Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey (MICS) and the Demographic Health Survey (DHS).
LOME, 5 May 2009 (IRIN) - Battered by rainstorms in the north in 2007 and the south in 2008, Togo is bracing for even more severe flood damage in 2009, disaster relief officials in the country told IRIN.
"These predictions have already been confirmed with the first storms," said the head of Togo's Red Cross catastrophe preparation and relief programme, Victor Sodogas.
GLIDE No. FL-2007-000132-BFA
The International Federation's Disaster Relief Emergency Fund (DREF) is a source of un-earmarked money created by the Federation in 1985 to ensure that immediate financial support is available for Red Cross Red Crescent response to emergencies.
This report covers the period 01/01/08 to 30/06/08.
Programme purpose: Together with the International Federation of the Red Cross/Red Crescent Societies, and in line with the International Federation's Strategy 2010 and the Global Agenda goals, the West and Central African zone (WCAZ) is committed to:
- Establish appropriate mechanisms for effective technical coordination, planning, performance monitoring and evaluation as to assist its 24 National Societies in developing and establishing sustainable community-based health projects, and develop improved …
Humanitarian highlights in West Africa in 2008
- Food, nutrition and health: main challenges for 2008
- Food price hikes impacted millions of households
- Over 14,000 cholera cases recorded in Guinea Bissau
- Some 150,000 people affected by floods
- Over 1 billion USD received in humanitarian funding since 2003
- OCHA launches a campaign on Climate change
- Upcoming challenges: Sudden onset of micro-crisis; climate change; human trafficking; international financial crisis; drug counterfeiting
Food price crisis in West Africa
Soaring food price …
(New York, 10 September, 2008): An estimated 130,000 people in several countries in West Africa have been affected by severe flooding following several months of heavy rainfall, and are in need of continued assistance. Villages have been submerged and homes, crops and infrastructure destroyed. Thousands of people have been exposed to water-borne diseases.
The most affected countries are Togo, Ghana, Niger, Benin, Mali, Burkina Faso and Senegal. Floods have also affected Liberia and Mauritania, though with less humanitarian impact.
OUAGADOUGOU, 1 September 2008 (IRIN) - Heavy rains and violent winds in Burkina Faso have killed six people, wounded 18, and left 4,200 homeless according to the government's National Council for Emergency Aid (CONASUR).
Seven of the country's 13 regions have been affected by the rains according to Amade Belem, the permanent secretary of CONASUR, and overall 500 houses have been destroyed.
The highest homeless toll is in Batié in the southwest where 1,188 people are displaced and are currently sheltering in schools or government offices, or with neighbours and …
Funding Trends and Their Impact on Operations
Analysis of the 2008 Programme of Work
As of July 2008, WFP requires 5 million metric tonnes for the current year to meet the needs of over 83 million beneficiaries among the world's neediest people in more than 80 countries.
- World cereal production in 2008 is forecast to increase 2.8 percent to a record 2 180 million tonnes. Most of the increase is in wheat following significant expansion in plantings in all regions. Coarse grains output is expected around the bumper level of last year but lower than earlier anticipated due to severe floods in the United States, the world's largest producer and exporter. Rice is tentatively forecast to increase slightly from last year's good level.
- Despite the anticipated increase in world output, cereal markets will remain tight in 2008/09.
Summary of crises with major changes since beginning of 2008
1. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
At a regional level, humanitarian partners have for 2008 agreed to focus on five priority areas for humanitarian interventions in West Africa:
- Food Security and Nutrition;
- Rapid Response to Health Emergencies;
- Protection and Population Movements;
- Natural Disaster Preparedness;
- Water, Sanitation and Hygiene.
La Fédération internationale des Sociétés de la Croix-Rouge et du Croissant-Rouge est extrêmement inquiète d'informations faisant état d'un risque de graves inondations en Afrique de l'Ouest et du Centre pour la deuxième année consécutive.
Afin de diminuer l'impact des précipitations anormalement importantes qui sont annoncées pour la région par les organismes de prédiction météorologique qui travaillent en partenariat avec la Fédération internationale, des mesures immédiates ont été décidées afin d'éviter l'étendue des dégâts et la misère qui ont frappé la …
This preliminary Emergency Appeal seeks CHF 750,000 (USD 731,134 or EUR 462,475) in cash, kind, or services to support the National Societies of West and Central Africa to assist 47,500 beneficiaries.
CHF 483,047 has been allocated from the Federation's Disaster Relief Emergency Fund (DREF) to start the planned activities. Discussions are currently taking place to reallocate approximately CHF 550,000 remaining from the 2007 West Africa floods appeal to support this appeal.
The International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies is very concerned about data which suggests severe flooding may occur in West and Central Africa for the second year running.
Could a forecasted satisfactory rainy season ease the hike in food commodity prices during the upcoming 2008 lean period?
1. Outlook for the 2008-09 agricultural season favourable
The African Center of Meteorological Applications for Development (ACMAD) forecasts favourable agro-meteorological conditions for the beginning of the 2008-09 agricultural campaign for the Sahel and West Africa.