Unusually heavy rains and subsequent floods affected tens of thousands of families across Sudan in August and September 2013. The flooding was extensive and resulted in the displacement of a large part of the affected population. Reports from the Humanitarian Aid Commission (HAC) estimated that 499,900 people countrywide had been affected. The floods destroyed/damaged over 85,385 houses in the states affected, with Khartoum being the worst affected state. (IFRC, 21 May 2014)
Beginning in 2011, WHO underwent a restructuring of its emergency work to align it with the ongoing reform of the global humanitarian system led by the Inter-agency Standing Committee (IASC). This report describes the emergency risk and crisis management work of the Organization in 2013 and 2014, in the wake of this restructuring, and provides examples of how its new policies and procedures guided the implementation of specific activities for risk management and emergency response.
In this Issue
- Supporting Climate Change Adaptation in the Arab States
- Stories from: Sudan
- Project Video: Improving Resilience of the Agriculture Sector to Climate Change Impacts in Lao
- Community-based Coastal Afforestation Project in Bangladesh Receives Award in Global Contest
A. Situation analysis
Description of the disaster
This revised Emergency Appeal supports the Sudanese Red Crescent Society to deliver assistance to some 213,000 people (an increase from 150,000 people), and increases the budget to CHF 5.3m (from CHF 3.7m), with a total appeal timeframe of 24 months.
With the current contributions (cash and in-kind) totalling some CHF 1,028,462 (28% of the current budget), the total revised amount being sought is just over CHF 4.3 million.
Message from the Chairperson
As Chairperson I have the great privilege of working with extraordinarily dedicated Council members and staff throughout the organisation. The commitment to working with the poorest people in the developing world and fulfilling our mission is very evident throughout the organisation.
Period covered by this Ops Update: December 2013 to April 2014.
Appeal target (current): CHF 3,711,427
Appeal coverage: 27%
This Emergency Appeal was initially launched 16 May 2013 for CHF 3,711,427 for eight months to assist 150,000 beneficiaries.
An Operations Update n°1 was issued on 22 July 2013, to provide an update of the donor response to the appeal as well as request for continued donor support for appeal.
Period covered by this Ops Update: 12 August, 2013 to 15 February 2014. This update represents a six-month summary of the operation (cumulative narrative and financial).
Appeal target (current): CHF 7,384,813
Appeal coverage: 42%
An Emergency Appeal was launched on 13 August, 2013 seeking CHF 918,554 for six months to assist up to 7,000 households (35,000 beneficiaries).
Disaster Relief Emergency Fund (DREF): CHF 80,000 was initially allocated to support start-up of this operation.
• Thousands of newly displaced people were reported over the past week in Darfur, mainly from North Darfur, according to aid agencies.
• As of 14 April, aid agencies have had some form of access to about 249,828 displaced people in Darfur.
• As of 10 April, an estimated 60,600 people have arrived in Sudan from South Sudan, according to UNHCR.
• WFP and partners to distribute food aid to some 102,600 people in Blue Nile State.
Nelly Muluka, IFRC, and Sammy Mahdi, Sudanese Red Crescent Society
“We have lived in this area for many years with farmers practicing irrigation using water from the Nile river,” says Mustarifa Mohammed, a resident of Al Burgeg Locality in Northern State, Sudan. “To us, rain is alien and we can go on for years before receiving any.”
So when heavy rains and flash floods started inundating their villages last August, it was totally unexpected.
Snapshot 21 – 28 January
Central African Republic: While the capital Bangui remains relatively calm, the security situation in the northwest of the country remains highly volatile with several clashes reported between ex-Seleka and anti-Balaka factions. An estimated 902,000 people are now internally displaced as a result of the ongoing violence - half of them in the capital, and over 246,000 people have fled to neighbouring countries. Meanwhile, the European Union has approved the six-month deployment of a joint contingent of up to 1,000 soldiers to support French and African Union forces.
South Sudan: Ethnic violence which erupted in mid-December continues, with heavy fighting reported in the states of Jonglei and Unity, and sporadic clashes reported in Upper Nile and Central Equatoria. While numbers cannot be verified due to limited access, thousands of people have been killed or injured and reports indicate that civilians are being targeted in attacks, forcing an estimated 400,000 to flee, mostly internally.
Period covered by this Ops Update: July to November, 2013.
Appeal target (current): CHF 3,711,427;
Appeal coverage: 28%;
This Emergency Appeal was initially launched 16th May 2013 for CHF 3,711,427 for eight months to assist 150,000 beneficiaries.
An operations update n°1 was issued on 22nd July 2013, to provide an update of the donor response to the appeal as well as request for continued donor support for appeal.
South Sudan: Ethnic violence which erupted in mid-December in the capital Juba has now spread northwards and is ongoing in several parts of the country. Three weeks of fighting have left at least 1,000 people dead and displaced over 200,000. As government troops advanced on rebel-held cities in the northeast, peace talks between the Government of South Sudan and a delegation representing former Vice-President Machar, have started in Ethiopia. Meanwhile, discussions between Khartoum and Juba regarding the protection of the oil fields in southern South Sudan are also underway.
ShelterBox has provided emergency education support for communities affected by severe flooding in parts of Sudan’s White Nile state this summer, distributing SchoolBoxes containing stationery packs to displaced schoolchildren through implementing partner Plan.
Children’s charity Plan Sudan and ShelterBox worked with The Peace Bridge Association (PBA) and Sudanese Development Call Organization (NIDAA) to select the most needy schools and pupils in the area of Sharg Elnil in White Nile State.
ATBARAH, Sudan, Jan 1 (KUNA) -- The Kuwait Red Crescent Society distributed Wednesday relief aid to the people affected by the flood which hit Nile River State in Northern Sudan.
"Today's activity is part of the KRCS's campaign to aid people in the flood-ravaged areas," Head of the KRCS's mission Saud Al-Harbi told KUNA.
He added that the campaign was launched late August and included airlift comprised 11 aid-laden planes.
Substantial humanitarian action will be required in Sudan in 2014.
Overall, a total of 6.1 million people are in need of humanitarian assistance including life-saving interventions, protection from conflict and violence, strengthening household and community coping mechanisms and, where conditions permit, supporting longer-term solutions to the plight of IDPs and Refugees.
The UN and partners have agreed on the following strategic objectives for 2014:
By the United Nations Humanitarian Coordinator
The Sudan Common Humanitarian Fund (CHF) has supported high priority humanitarian work in Sudan for nearly eight years. On top of the ongoing humanitarian crisis that continues to affect Sudan’s people, this year has seen a significant rise in new needs.