A massive 7.8 magnitude earthquake struck 77 kilometres (48 miles) northwest of Nepal's capital Kathmandu at 0611 GMT on 25 Apr 2015, toppling office blocks and towers and killing thousands of people. More than two dozen people were also reported killed in neighbouring India, China and Bangladesh. (AFP, 25 Apr 2015)
On 29 Apr, the Flash Appeal for the Response to the Nepal Earthquake Apr - Jul 2015, was launched, requesting US$415 million.
On 12 May, a new earthquake measuring 7.3 magnitude struck Nepal at 12:50 local time (UTC +5:45). The epicentre was southeast of Kodari (Sindhupalchowk District), 76 km northeast of Kathmandu - an area already affected by the 25 Apr quake. (OCHA, 12 May 2015)
A revision of the Flash Appeal was launched on 29 May, requesting $422 million for life-saving and protection activities and support resilience of 2.8 million people for five months.
On 25 Jun, the Government of Nepal convened the Int'l Conference on Nepal's Reconstruction, which was informed by the Post-Disaster Needs Assessment. Donors pledge around $4.4bn in aid (AFP, 25 Jun 2015).
Appeals & Funding
As the relief phase of the earthquake operation is closed, this operation update focuses on the progress on recovery activities.
Increasing the resilience of buildings to natural hazards is essential as we strive to design more sustainable cities. Earthquakes pose considerable risks, as they have caused the highest number of casualties due to natural hazards in the last decade. During the second half of the century, more than 75 % of the total number of earthquake fatalities was caused by building collapse. However, natural hazards do not always translate to tragedy: disasters occur at the intersection of hazards and vulnerability. Preparedness and sound risk reduction policies can help to void them.
A digital literacy initiative in partnership with Open Learning Exchange Nepal was launched in Baitadi, raising the total number of districts covered by the One Laptop per Child programme.
WFP continues to prepare its latest Special Operation for Emergency Logistics Preparedness to be launched at the beginning of November 2016. The Special Operation will build on the successes of WFP’s logistics operation during the earthquake and emergency WFP Nepal preparedness measures.
13 October 2016, GENEVA – The UN Secretary-General’s Special Representative for Disaster Risk Reduction, Mr. Robert Glasser, today marked International Day for Disaster Reduction by recognising five outstanding examples of successful efforts to reduce disaster mortality.
Today marks the beginning of the “Sendai Seven Campaign: Seven Targets, Seven Years” which references the seven targets for reducing disaster losses in the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction adopted by UN Member States in March, 2015.
Chronic conflicts, drought, earthquakes, floods, seasonal storms, and severe winter weather, compounded by limited government response capacity in some countries, present significant challenges to vulnerable populations in South Asia. Between FY 2007 and FY 2016, USAID’s Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance (USAID/OFDA) and USAID’s Office of Food for Peace (USAID/FFP) provided humanitarian assistance in response to a diverse range of natural and man-made disasters in the region.
USAID’s Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance (USAID/OFDA) remains at the forefront of the humanitarian community’s shelter and settlements (S&S) activities, which focus on a common goal: the expeditious and appropriate provision of covered living space to adequately shelter displaced populations, while also promoting safer, healthier settlements that link emergency S&S assistance to longer-term recovery efforts.
The Guidance Note on Recovery: Private Sector draws from the wider body of knowledge on private sector recovery and from documented experiences of past and present disaster planning and recovery e orts. Materials have been collected through desk review and direct consultations with relevant experts. These experiences and lessons learned are classi ed into the following four major issues:
The Disaster Recovery Role of the Private Sector
Engaging the Private Sector in Disaster Recovery
For Pabitra Bhujel, life hasn’t been easy since her family home was destroyed in the 2015 Nepal earthquake. She has shared a temporary shelter with her mother-in-law and children.
“It’s been chilly in winter and boiling in the summer heat. When it rains, the drumming on the roof makes such a noise, it keeps us awake at night,” she said.
But for the widowed mother of three, the end is in sight as she stands in front of the building site where workmen are busy excavating the ground to begin the foundations of her new home.
Kavre, Mahadevsthan – Honorable Minister of Education D. R. Poudel, Honorable State Minister of Education, Dhan Maya K.K. (Khanal) and the Country Director of the Asian Development Bank’s (ADB) Nepal Resident Mission, Kenichi Yokoyama today laid the foundation for the reconstruction of Shree Kali Devi Primary School in Kavre District.
1 October 2016, Dolakha and Nawalparasi, Nepal – Children in Sunkhani, Dolakha and in Sunawal in Nawalparasi, 500 kilometres apart, talked to each other through e-interaction organised by UNICEF today.
by Emily Crowe | Sep 20, 2016
Indra and her grandson Saurav live in Chainpur, a rural village in the Dhading District of Nepal- an area that was at the epicenter of the 7.8-magnitude earthquake that hit the country in 2015. The area is still recovering from the quake, which left thousands of vulnerable people homeless, exposed to the elements, and without access to clean water or hygiene supplies.
WFP concluded a formal agreement with the Government of Nepal’s Department of Education. The agreement is the first of its kind wherein WFP will provide technical assistance and support to the design, formulation and implementation of the cash- based school meal programme. WFP will further extend its coverage to include two additional districts.
The follow-up operation for the earthquake has been finalized by the Government and aims to begin registration in Nuwakot, Dhading, and Gorkha in mid September.
In disasters and conflicts worldwide, around half of affected people are girls and boys below the age of 18 years. Despite this, in humanitarian settings children are rarely asked to share their views, consulted on what they really need, or equipped with adequate information.
At Plan International we are changing this: communication with disaster-affected children is not only their right, but our experience also tells us that engaging girls and boys in our humanitarian response helps us to respond better and in more relevant ways.
2015 was a year of transformation for the Emergency Telecommunications Cluster (ETC). The adoption of the ETC2020 Strategy in the first half of the year, radically expanding the vision, scope and approach of the cluster, set the network on a much more impactful, but challenging, trajectory. 2015 was characterised by the adoption and commenced implementation of ETC2020 as well as the most concurrent emergencies ever responded to; and the invaluable contributions of its members and partners without which, the ETC would not exist.
There’s a crisp cheerfulness in the way Sushila Tamang talks about her progression from construction labourer to trained mason, helping to rebuild earthquake-battered homes in her little town of Sankhu some 25 kilometres northeast of Kathmandu. But it’s clear that overcoming traditional attitudes about gender roles has been as tough as any of the challenges of the work itself.
Since January 2016 and with the European Commission’s support, ACTED has delivered vital support to earthquake-affected households in remote areas, including shelter winterization and water point rehabilitation.
THE NATIONAL RECONSTRUCTION AUTHORITY AND THE POST-DISASTER RECOVERY FRAMEWORK
Summary of key updates, facts and figures, initiatives, progress, challenges, needs and opportunities related to gender equality and women’s empowerment in the post-earthquake recovery and reconstruction process in Nepal.
Governance and accountability: Establishment of a GESI Unit in the NRA to ensure integration of GESI measures for all recovery and reconstruction processes and ensure women’s leadership and participation during planning, implementation and monitoring of recovery and reconstruction efforts at national, regional and district levels;