On 25 April, a 7.8 magnitude earthquake struck Nepal, with the epicenter in Lamjung District (north-west) of Kathmandu (OCHA, 26 Apr 2015) toppling office blocks and towers and killing thousands of people. The earthquake also caused extensive casualties and damage in India, China and Bangladesh. (ECHO, 27 Apr 2015)
On 29 Apr, the Flash Appeal for the Response to the Nepal Earthquake Apr - Jul 2015, was launched, requesting US$415 million.
On 12 May, a new earthquake measuring 7.3 magnitude struck Nepal at 12:50 local time (UTC +5:45). The epicentre was southeast of Kodari (Sindhupalchowk District), 76 km northeast of Kathmandu - an area already affected by the 25 Apr quake. (OCHA, 12 May 2015)
A revision of the Flash Appeal was launched on 29 May, requesting $422 million for life-saving and protection activities and support resilience of 2.8 million people for five months.
Appeals & Funding
HIGHLIGHTS AND SITUATION SUMMARY
The earthquake that hit Nepal on 25 April 2015 with multiple aftershocks brought about widespread destruction across the country and resulted in 8,790 deaths, 22,300 injuries and 755,549 houses that were either damaged or completely destroyed. In response to the catastrophe, UN volunteers were mobilized and deployed in partnership with UNDP to deliver important services in the districts of Sindhupalchowk, Kavrepalanchowk, Nuwakot, Chitwan and in Kathmandu.
(pursuant to Article 287(4), second subparagraph, TFEU)
I Disasters can strike anywhere, anytime. The human, environmental and economic impact of disasters, whether natural or man made, can be considerable. When a disaster occurs, the reaction must be swift. Sound disaster management saves lives, and effective coordination among different responders is critical to the successful preparation for and response to disasters.
One and a half years after the devastating earthquakes in Nepal, how have conditions in the affected zone evolved? This brief provides preliminary findings from the third round of the Foundation’s longitudinal mixed method research, Independent Impacts and Recovery Monitoring Nepal (IRM) project, which was conducted in September 2016. Full reports will follow in February.
RELIEF WORK IN NEPAL REMAINS IMPORTANT
This report is based on a series of 23 focus group discussions held by the Common Feedback Project team in Gorkha, Dhading, Nuwakot, Rasuwa, Sindhupalchok, Dolakha and Ramechhap. This special Focus Group Discussion Report was undertaken in order to provide greater detail and insight into issues faced by affected communities. The report highlights, among others:
Critical issues faced by single, divorced or widowed women, as well as women whose husbands are abroad or engaged in multiple marriages in access reconstruction support;
Earthquake Recovery Operation updates
The Nepal Red Cross Society (NRCS) is the largest humanitarian organization in Nepal, with coverage over the whole country. It is playing a prominent role in helping survivors of the 2015 earthquake and is working in all 14 districts identified by government assessments as being the worst affected. NRCS works closely with the Government of Nepal in humanitarian affairs. NRCS reached more than 3.5 million people with emergency assistance immediately after the earthquake.
Government Fails Earthquake Relief For Second Winter
(New York) – Nepal’s Maoist leader Pushpa Kumar Dahal, despite holding the prime minister’s office in 2016, failed to ensure accountability for human rights abuses during the civil war as promised by his party in a 2006 peace agreement, Human Rights Watch said in its World Report 2017. The government also followed the pattern of its predecessor in failing to disburse relief funds to victims of the devastating 2015 earthquakes.
The earthquakes of April and May 2015 caused massive housing destruction with over half a million houses collapsed or badly damaged. Over 18 months on from the earthquakes, the pace of reconstruction has been slow. Most people whose homes were damaged remained in self-constructed temporary shelters or had moved back into their dangerously damaged houses. In order to get people back into safer, permanent housing, the Government of Nepal and major donors developed the Nepal Rural Housing Reconstruction Program (RHRP).
Thousands of homeless people remain in temporary shelters after the 2015 quakes
By Gopal Sharma
KATHMANDU, Jan 12 (Reuters) - Nepal fired the head of its earthquake reconstruction agency and named his predecessor to the job in a game of musical chairs that critics say is only making conditions worse for the survivors of the 2015 disaster.
Read more on the Thomson Reuters Foundation
The South Asia region is prone to flooding, landslides, droughts and earthquakes, and faces a number of protracted conflicts and related internal and cross-border population displacement. By the end of March 2017, the refugee return crisis from Pakistan and Iran to Afghanistan – brought about by the obligatory or forced repatriation of Afghan refugees from both Pakistan and Iran to their country of origin – will affect an estimated 1.5 million people, 60 per cent of whom are children under 18.
To the outsider, time might appear to have stood still in the small hamlet of Basantapur, situated an hour’s journey from the town of Ramechhap, east of the Nepalese capital Kathmandu. Chanda Maya Sunuwara has spent most of her adult life here. But the spry woman in her 70’s says she has seen many changes over the years, such as the road, a primary health care clinic and now the latest, which workmen are busy constructing; a brand new toilet for her family.
ANNETTE DIXON, WED, 12/21/2016
The rebuilding has long begun in Nuwakot District in the foothills of the Himalayas in Nepal.
Polish Humanitarian Action (PAH) is one of the largest and most active non-governmental, non-profit humanitarian organizations in Poland. For almost 25 years PAH has been implementing comprehensive WASH, FSL, NFI, Education, Shelter and Protection solutions in hard to reach areas around the world. We are currently responding to humanitarian crises in Syria, Somalia, Ukraine and South Sudan.
Crisis situation in Nepal – Education Cluster
This six-page case study describes a process involving distribution and child protection staff, which began with an idea to respond to the needs of affected people and slowly grew into an essential component of the services and support offered to those affected by the 2015 Nepal earthquake. The establishment of Help Desks at all distribution sites enabled initial and later strong collaboration between distribution and child protection staff, allowing a joint holistic response to the broad needs of children and their families.
After the 2015 earthquake, which destroyed over 600 000 houses and damaged close to 300 000 more, the EU's humanitarian aid department is funding partners to train masons and carpenters in earthquake resilient building techniques, in order to build safer buildings in this highly seismic zone.
In Makawanpur, Central Nepal, 35-year-old stonemason Rajendra Tamang, is participating in a training session on how to build safer and earthquake-resilient houses.
by Max Hope, John McCloskey, Dom Hunt and Dominic Crowley