A massive 7.8 magnitude earthquake struck 77 kilometres (48 miles) northwest of Nepal's capital Kathmandu at 0611 GMT on 25 Apr 2015, toppling office blocks and towers and killing thousands of people. More than two dozen people were also reported killed in neighbouring India, China and Bangladesh. (AFP, 25 Apr 2015)
On 29 Apr, the Flash Appeal for the Response to the Nepal Earthquake Apr - Jul 2015, was launched, requesting US$415 million.
On 12 May, a new earthquake measuring 7.3 magnitude struck Nepal at 12:50 local time (UTC +5:45). The epicentre was southeast of Kodari (Sindhupalchowk District), 76 km northeast of Kathmandu - an area already affected by the 25 Apr quake. (OCHA, 12 May 2015)
A revision of the Flash Appeal was launched on 29 May, requesting $422 million for life-saving and protection activities and support resilience of 2.8 million people for five months.
On 25 Jun, the Government of Nepal convened the Int'l Conference on Nepal's Reconstruction, which was informed by the Post-Disaster Needs Assessment. Donors pledge around $4.4bn in aid (AFP, 25 Jun 2015).
Appeals & Funding
Lorsqu’une communauté est frappée par une catastrophe ou lorsqu’une crise survient, il faut réagir vite a fin de protéger ses moyens d’existence. Quand ceux-ci sont principalement agricoles, ce qui est le cas de 70 à 80 pour cent des personnes dans les pays en développement, c’est alors la survie même des populations qui est en jeu.
Mental health is one of the less prioritised areas in the health care sector of Nepal. There is currently only one center, providing mental health services and it does not have the capacity to reach the larger population. A very few civil society and non-governmental organisations are slowly initiating programmatic work pertaining to mental health with a focus on awareness raising and psychosocial counselling and support towards access to medical care. However, a larger population are still deprived of basic mental health services which impedes their quality of life.
A steep, 90-minute climb along a rough-hewn path is the only route up to Pragatishil village. The village sits high in the mountains, about 50 kilometers from Nepal’s western city of Pokhara. The area adjoins Gorkha district - the epicenter of last April’s 7.8-magnitude quake which claimed nearly 9,000 lives and left hundreds of thousands homeless.
Constant political feuding and weak governance has delayed post-quake rebuilding despite an outpouring of aid
By Nita Bhalla and Gopal Sharma
HOKSHE, Nepal, Nov 25 (Thomson Reuters Foundation) - Farmer Ganesh Prasad Gautam beamed as the young woman behind the desk littered with files called his name out at the rundown government office in the mountains of central Nepal.
The School Sector Development Plan (SSDP), a comprehensive education plan, was formally adopted by the Ministry of Education. As a member of the Local Education Development Partner Group (LEDPG), WFP has been actively involved in the consultations and contributed to the development of the SSDP.
The first year activities under the Rural Women’s Economic Empowerment (RWEE) programme were successfully completed in Sarlahi, Sindhuli, and Rautahat.
At the sixty-eighth session of the World Health Assembly in May 2015, WHO Director-General Margaret Chan committed the Organization to creating a single, all-hazards emergency programme; to establishing a global health emergency workforce; and to raising a US$ 100 million contingency fund to enable rapid emergency response.
In Nepal Cordaid is supporting some 500 displaced families in 4 camps. They lost their houses and income after the April and May 2015 earthquakes. We provide drinking water, business skills trainings and help mountain farmers adapt to lowland agriculture.
Cramped settings, minimal facilities
As early as July 2015 concerns over access to water began to be heard from earthquake affected communities. The first issue of Open Mic Nepal highlighted comments from Gorkha and Dhading that water sources had dried up. Over time the Common Feedback Project registered more and more feedback over water supply from all of the 14 priority affected districts.
In conflict situations, such as those in Afghanistan and Somalia, simple communication technologies can help researchers and humanitarian organisations collect more accurate data on the effects of humanitarian aid. Electronic surveys taken with smartphones, for example, can automatically assess collected data and prevent implausible responses from being entered. This toolkit weighs the benefits – and the risks – of technology used in aid and development.
FOOD SECURITY SNAPSHOT
Paddy production forecast to recover in 2016
Cereal imports in 2016/17 (July/June) marketing year forecast at record level
Pockets of severe food insecurity persist
Paddy production forecast to recover in 2016
As the relief phase of the earthquake operation is closed, this operation update focuses on the progress on recovery activities.
Increasing the resilience of buildings to natural hazards is essential as we strive to design more sustainable cities. Earthquakes pose considerable risks, as they have caused the highest number of casualties due to natural hazards in the last decade. During the second half of the century, more than 75 % of the total number of earthquake fatalities was caused by building collapse. However, natural hazards do not always translate to tragedy: disasters occur at the intersection of hazards and vulnerability. Preparedness and sound risk reduction policies can help to void them.
A digital literacy initiative in partnership with Open Learning Exchange Nepal was launched in Baitadi, raising the total number of districts covered by the One Laptop per Child programme.
WFP continues to prepare its latest Special Operation for Emergency Logistics Preparedness to be launched at the beginning of November 2016. The Special Operation will build on the successes of WFP’s logistics operation during the earthquake and emergency WFP Nepal preparedness measures.
13 October 2016, GENEVA – The UN Secretary-General’s Special Representative for Disaster Risk Reduction, Mr. Robert Glasser, today marked International Day for Disaster Reduction by recognising five outstanding examples of successful efforts to reduce disaster mortality.
Today marks the beginning of the “Sendai Seven Campaign: Seven Targets, Seven Years” which references the seven targets for reducing disaster losses in the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction adopted by UN Member States in March, 2015.
Chronic conflicts, drought, earthquakes, floods, seasonal storms, and severe winter weather, compounded by limited government response capacity in some countries, present significant challenges to vulnerable populations in South Asia. Between FY 2007 and FY 2016, USAID’s Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance (USAID/OFDA) and USAID’s Office of Food for Peace (USAID/FFP) provided humanitarian assistance in response to a diverse range of natural and man-made disasters in the region.
USAID’s Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance (USAID/OFDA) remains at the forefront of the humanitarian community’s shelter and settlements (S&S) activities, which focus on a common goal: the expeditious and appropriate provision of covered living space to adequately shelter displaced populations, while also promoting safer, healthier settlements that link emergency S&S assistance to longer-term recovery efforts.
The Guidance Note on Recovery: Private Sector draws from the wider body of knowledge on private sector recovery and from documented experiences of past and present disaster planning and recovery e orts. Materials have been collected through desk review and direct consultations with relevant experts. These experiences and lessons learned are classi ed into the following four major issues:
The Disaster Recovery Role of the Private Sector
Engaging the Private Sector in Disaster Recovery
For Pabitra Bhujel, life hasn’t been easy since her family home was destroyed in the 2015 Nepal earthquake. She has shared a temporary shelter with her mother-in-law and children.
“It’s been chilly in winter and boiling in the summer heat. When it rains, the drumming on the roof makes such a noise, it keeps us awake at night,” she said.
But for the widowed mother of three, the end is in sight as she stands in front of the building site where workmen are busy excavating the ground to begin the foundations of her new home.