The Humanitarian Response Fund (earlier called Emergency Response Fund) mechanism was introduced in Indonesia in 2001 to address emergency needs, by providing humanitarian NGOs, including national NGOs, with a rapid and flexible funding mechanism to meet short-term emergency priorities in vulnerable communities. Between 2001 and 2004, the Fund was mainly used to support various emergency response projects in post-conflict areas in Aceh, Maluku, North Maluku, Central Sulawesi and West Kalimantan provinces.
Indonesia is located in one of the world's most disaster-prone regions, with frequent calamities such as tropical storms, floods, droughts, volcanic eruptions and earthquakes.
National authorities' management capacity has substantially improved in recent years but international assistance is sometimes still required.
The European Commission has made available € 136 million in humanitarian aid to help survivors of natural and human-made crises since 1995. This includes funding for preparedness measures through its Disaster Preparedness Programme (DIPECHO).
- Executive summary
The work of the IFRC country office focuses on building the capacity of the PMI headquarters to enable it to provide enhanced guidance, support and capacity building to its provincial and district level units to increase the scope, quality and relevance of the services they deliver to vulnerable people. As the country office does not directly implement any projects, it is can be a challenge to verify quantitative reporting of outputs.
1. Executive Summary
Overall Project/Programme Status:
Sometimes it‘s difficult to imagine that another natural disaster could ever happen again, leaving massive destruction in its wake like the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami or the earthquake in Haiti. But then with incredible force, typhoon Haiyan struck, creating a catastrophe of almost incomprehensible proportions.
Summary: CHF 192,990 was allocated from the IFRC Disaster Relief Emergency Fund (DREF) to support Indonesian Red Cross (PMI) in delivering assistance to some 5,000 beneficiaries (1,000 households) over a period of two months.
This allocation was in response to a 6.2 magnitude earthquake which occurred in Indonesia’s Aceh province on the island of Sumatra on 2 July 2013. Of the total amount allocated, CHF 125,565 was spent.
The balance of CHF 67,425 will be returned to DREF.
On July 2, 2013, a magnitude 6.1 earthquake struck Indonesia’s Aceh Province, resulting in 42 deaths and displacing more than 53,000 people. In Bener Meriah, one of Aceh’s hardest-hit districts, the earthquake damaged or destroyed houses, health facilities, roads, and communications systems.
On 2 July 2013, at 2:37 pm local time a 6.1 magnitude earthquake struck northern Sumatra’s Aceh Province. Bener Meriah and Aceh Tengah districts were hit hardest hit, with houses and infrastructure such as roads, water supply and electricity lines affected.
The difference between this quake, and the many ones preceding it in this disaster-prone part of Indonesia is that it was the first one in which the local disaster management agencies could put into action the skills they had learned under IOM’s innovative USAID/OFDA Disaster Risk Reduction programme.
· Floods and earthquakes have the highest humanitarian impact in the July – August period.
· Hotspot blazes in the peatland forests of Sumatra create recurring haze emergencies in Riau Province · Repeated Mt Rokatenda eruptions prompt government relocation of Palue Island residents
Floods and earthquakes have the highest humanitarian impact in the July – August period.
Hotspot blazes in the peatland forests of Sumatra create recurring haze emergencies in Riau Province
Repeated Mt Rokatenda eruptions prompt government relocation of Palue Island residents
Period covered by this update: 15 July to 31 August 2013
Summary: CHF 192,990 was allocated from the IFRC’s Disaster Relief Emergency Fund (DREF) on 16 July 2013 to support Indonesian Red Cross (Palang Merah Indonesia - PMI) in delivering assistance to 5,000 beneficiaries (1,000 households) over a period of two months.
Verene Chua, Save the Children in Indonesia
On 2 July, a 6.2 magnitude earthquake hit Aceh. Houses, schools and public buildings all over Bener Meriah and Aceh Tengah districts collapsed in the tremors.
In the aftermath, Save the Children is setting up Child Friendly Spaces (CFSs) to help children relieve post-disaster stress and provide them with a safe space to continue learning and developing.
By Ahmad Husein and Madeline Wilson, IFRC
One month after a 6.2-magnitude earthquake struck Aceh Province, Indonesia, the Red Cross continues to provide support to affected communities. Over 52,000 people were forced to flee their homes after the earthquake struck Aceh Tengah and Bener Meriah districts, killing 42 people and injuring over 2,500 people.
Indonesian Red Cross (PMI) chairman Jusuf Kalla handed over 20,000 sheets of corrugated iron and clean drinking water to earthquake victims in Aceh on a visit to the quake-hit area in Central Aceh, Nanggroe Aceh Darussalam, on Monday.
“Since the first day [of the quake], the PMI has been on location for emergency response, but more importantly is the rehabilitation period because many humanitarian relief organizations have left the disaster-hit areas,” said Kalla on the sidelines of the aid delivery in Kute Panang, Central Aceh, as quoted by Antara news agency.
On July 2, 2013, at 2:37 pm local time (3:37 am Eastern Daylight Time), a 6.1 magnitude earthquake struck northern Sumatra’s Aceh Province at a depth of 10 km, or 6.2 miles. The Government of Indonesia (GoI) Meteorological, Climatological and Geophysical Agency reported at least two aftershocks of magnitudes 5.5 and 5.3 on July 2.
In the worst affected sub districts of Bener Meriah (Timang Gajah Sub District) and Aceh Tengah (Ketol and Kute Penang Sub Districts) more than 50 per cent of the population has been displaced. The Government has announced transition to early recovery phase from 17 July 2013 - 10 August 2013 allowing the relief efforts to be continued for the worst-affected areas, while early recovery activities start.
Government reports number of IDPs has risen to 53,339. The death toll has risen to 42, six persons are still missing. The number of damaged houses and public buildings has climbed from 16,560 to 20,401.
On 10-11 July operation of the Main Incident Command Post was passed from TNI to Head of Aceh Provincial Disaster Management Agency (BPBD). Additional Incident Command Posts were established in Aceh Tengah and Bener Meriah to complement the Main Incident Command Post.