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Myanmar: A country prone to a range of natural disasters

Myanmar ranks first on OCHA’s list of most at-risk Asia-Pacific countries in 2012.
The country is vulnerable to a wide range of hazards, including floods, cyclones, earthquakes, landslides and tsunamis. The likelihood for medium to large-scale natural disasters to occur every couple of years is high, according to historical data.

UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs:

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Myanmar: Natural Disasters 2002 - 2012

Myanmar ranks first as the ‘most at risk’ country in Asia the Pacific according to the UN Risk Model. The country is vulnerable to a wide range of hazards, including floods, cyclones, earthquakes, landslides and tsunamis. The likelihood for medium to large-scale natural disasters to occur every couple of years is high, according to historical data.

UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs:

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The HC Interview: Myanmar

Last year, OCHA ranked Myanmar as the most at-risk Asia-Pacific country. It is vulnerable to devastating natural disasters, poverty and conflicts. Despite being a resource-rich country with a strong agricultural base, its population of over 50 million people are among the poorest in the world. Years of conflict and unresolved ethnic differences have led to the displacement of hundreds of thousands of people and an influx of refugees in neighbouring countries.

UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs:

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Philippines + 17 others
Humanitarian Funding Update for Asia Pacific - Fourth Quarter 2011

DISASTER EVENTS IN ASIA AND THE PACIFIC IN 2011

Asia and the Pacific continues to live up to its reputation as the world’s most natural-disaster-prone region. The International Disaster Database, EM-DAT, reports 89 natural-disaster events in the region in 2011. In terms of the number of events, China (14), Indonesia (6) and the Philippines (22) top the list. However, Japan, the Philippines and Thailand suffered the greatest number of lives lost.

UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs:

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Australia + 10 others
Asia Pacific: Humanitarian Funding Update 1st Quarter 2011

COUNTING THE COST OF DISASTERS IN ASIA PACIFIC

The economic cost of natural disasters in the first quarter of 2011 in the Asia Pacific region is the highest on record.

UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs:

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Myanmar: Earthquake in Shan State Situation Report No. 6

HIGHLIGHTS/KEY PRIORITIES

On 3 April, the local authorities in Tarlay reported that a total of 836 houses were damaged following the earthquake of 24 March. World Vision reported that two additional primary schools in Tan San village and Maw Twe village of Mong Koe Village Tract were damaged during aftershocks recorded in the region.

UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs:

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Myanmar: Earthquake in Shan State Situation Report No. 5

This report is produced by OCHA in collaboration with humanitarian partners. It was issued by OCHA Myanmar Country Office. It covers the period from 29 to 30 March 2011. The next report will be issued on 31 March or 1 April 2011, depending on the availability of information.

I. HIGHLIGHTS/KEY PRIORITIES

- On 30 March, the local authorities in Tarlay have estimated that 702 houses were damaged. The Myanmar Red Cross Society (MRCS) reports that 3,152 people are homeless. Initial findings of a rapid assessment indicate that at least 18,000 people residing in

UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs:

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Myanmar: Earthquake in Shan State Situation Report No. 4

I. HIGHLIGHTS/KEY PRIORITIES

- The Government has welcomed the support provided by humanitarian partners present in Myanmar. The Government identified remaining needs in food, shelter, health, water and sanitation.

- The bridge connecting Tachileik and Tarlay, has been repaired and re-opened for regular traffic. Trucks up to 3 tonnes can cross the bridge.

- World Vision Myanmar reports that access to drinking water is still disrupted due to the damages to a number of pipes, tanks and wells. A risk of water contamination remains.

- UNICEF reports that the number of

UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs:

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Myanmar: Earthquake (24 Mar 2011) - Location Map

UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs:

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Myanmar: Earthquake in Shan State Situation Report No. 3

I. HIGHLIGHTS/KEY PRIORITIES

- An earthquake of magnitude 7.0 on the Richter scale and 10 km depth struck the Eastern State of Shan in Myanmar at 20:29:30 hrs Myanmar Standard Time (01:55:12 PM UTC) on 24 March 2011. Since the earthquake and as of Sunday 27 March evening, a total of eight aftershocks have been reported from affected areas. The risk of landslides remains high.

- The latest official number of casualties currently stands at 74 deaths and 125 injuries. According to the Relief and Resettlement Department the number of damaged houses has increased

UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs:

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Myanmar: Earthquake in Shan State Situation Report No. 1

I. HIGHLIGHTS/KEY PRIORITIES

- An earthquake of magnitude 7.0 on the Richter scale and 10 km depth struck the Eastern State of Shan in Myanmar at 20:29:30 hrs Myanmar Standard Time (01:55:12 PM UTC) on 24 March 2011. Six aftershocks have been reported from affected areas. The risk of landslides remains high.

- The official figure of casualties currently stands at 65 deaths and 111 injuries. One rural hospital in Tarlay was damaged. Tarlay Bridge connecting Tachileik and Kengtung also sustains some damages and is currently impassable.

- The Government of the Republic of

UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs:

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Myanmar: Earthquake in Shan State Situation Report No. 2

I. HIGHLIGHTS/KEY PRIORITIES

- An earthquake of magnitude 7.0 on the Richter scale and 10 km depth struck the Eastern State of Shan in Myanmar at 20:29:30 hrs Myanmar Standard Time (01:55:12 PM UTC) on 24 March 2011. Six aftershocks have been reported from affected areas. The risk of landslides remains high.

- The latest official number of casualties has risen to 73 deaths and 125 injuries in Tarlay Sub- Township and Tacheleik Township. 224 houses, 11 monasteries, 11 official buildings were damaged in Tarlay.

- One rural hospital in Tarlay was damaged.

UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs:

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Myanmar: Earthquake in Shan State (24 March 2011)

UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs:

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Myanmar: Earthquake (25 Mar 2011) - Location Map

UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs:

To learn more about OCHA's activities, please visit http://unocha.org/.