On 11 Mar 2011, a massive tsunami was triggered by a 9.0 magnitude earthquake in northeast Japan, causing widespread destruction. The tsunami was up to 30 meters high and inundated 433,000 square kilometers of land. 492,000 people were evacuated, 11,600 were killed and 16,450 were reported missing. 17,000 homes and buildings were destroyed and 138,000 damaged. (OCHA, 1 Apr 2011)
The earthquake triggered an extremely severe nuclear accident at the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant that ultimately emitted an enormous amount of radioactive material into the environment (Government of Japan, 5 Jul 2012).
Appeals & Funding
OCHA’s Financial Tracking Service (FTS) is a global, real-time database that records all reported international humanitarian aid, including that for UN Agencies, NGOs, the Red Cross/ Red Crescent Movement, bilateral aid, in-kind aid, and private donations.
FTS features a special focus on Consolidated Appeals and Flash Appeals because they cover the major humanitarian crisis and because their funding requirements are well defined - which allows FTS to indicate to what extent populations in crisis receive humanitarian aid in proportion to needs.
M9.0 GREAT TOHOKU TECTONIC SUMMARY