This report describes the current status of the Recovery Framework in Indonesia along with the lessons learned from the country’s most recent experiences in post-disaster recovery. It is one of the thematic case studies commissioned for the purpose of contributing toward the development of an international Disaster Recovery Framework (DRF) Guide as recommended by the World Reconstruction Conference in 2011.
Southasiadisasters.net issue no. 113, June 2014:
The 6th Asian Ministerial Conference on Disaster Risk Reduction (AMCDRR) will be held from June 22—26, 2014 in Bangkok, Thailand. As we inch closer to this conference, it becomes necessary to introspect on important issues that should be raised there. The theme of this conference is Promoting Investments for Resilient Nations and Communities. This is a vast theme that merits deliberation on a lot of important factors related with DRR in Asia.
Indonesia is located in one of the world's most disaster-prone regions, with frequent calamities such as tropical storms, floods, droughts, volcanic eruptions and earthquakes.
National authorities' management capacity has substantially improved in recent years but international assistance is sometimes still required.
The European Commission has made available € 136 million in humanitarian aid to help survivors of natural and human-made crises since 1995. This includes funding for preparedness measures through its Disaster Preparedness Programme (DIPECHO).
This paper explores how recent extreme events, particularly the 2010 simultaneous hazards, have or have not catalysed changes in perceptions, practices and policies relating to private sector engagement in humanitarian action and their collaboration with government, humanitarian and military actors. It also aims to identify shared issues and innovative examples within the context of disastersin Indonesia, and suggestions to the wide range of actors involved in humanitarian activities towards multi-actor collaboration.
Making rapid assessment of specific needs of those affected by natural disasters together with implementing partners
Responding effectively and efficiently to the humanitarian needs of those affected by the volcanoes and tsunamis.
Integrating Disaster Risk Reduction measures in all humanitarian assistance and supporting specific DRR projects to strengthen the resilience of communities regularly affected by natural disasters in Indonesia
It’s just over two years since the Mentawai tsunami in October 2010 and it’s inspiring to see the resilience of the local people who have managed to pick themselves up and move forward.
The disaster killed more than 500 people and left thousands homeless. SurfAid embarked on a one-year recovery program to help them get back on their feet.
Communications director Kirk Willcox returned to the field recently with a filmmaker Sascha Ettinger Epstein. He writes:
Facts & Figures
€84.5 million in response to natural disasters since 1994
€22 million to assist victims of conflicts since 1994
€8.27 million for disaster preparedness since 1994
Through ECHO funding, nearly 150 million people are helped each year in more than 90 countries outside the EU through approximately 200 partners (International non-governmental organisations, the Red Cross/Red Crescent movement, and UN agencies).
When a massive 8.6 earthquake hit this year off the shores of Northern Sumatra, Indonesia on April 11, 2012, the communities in Banda Aceh where CRWRC had been working during the tsunami, knew exactly what to do. As they sounded a tsunami alert and evacuated everyone from their villages along specially designed roads, they were fearfully reminded of another earthquake and tsunami that had occurred eight years earlier with devastating results.
The past year has been a huge endeavour for our management and field teams as we rolled out our recovery program after the 2010 tsunami devastated many of the Mentawai villages.
We have now moved into long-term recovery for affected communities and we have a new program called SeSe, which means ‘appropriate’ in Mentawai language.
This report covers the period 1 January 2011 to 31 December 2011.
Programme outcome The purpose of the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) programme is to support the institutional capacity-building of the Indonesian Red Cross (Palang Merah Indonesia/PMI), and facilitate a coordinated approach of the Red Cross Red Crescent Movement in supporting PMI‟s programmes and development in Indonesia.
Indonesia is an archipelago consisting of more than 17,000 islands. The Indonesian population is the fourth largest in the world, with a total of 240 million inhabitants. About 19 million people try to survive on less than US$1 a day, while a staggering 120 million people live on less than US$2 a day.
During the Mentawai Tsunami Recovery Program, SurfAid worked with partner arche noVa to implement clean water facilities. Besides hardware, arche noVa also tried to increase awareness about hygiene practice. Although some public latrines were built by different international NGOs (non-governmental organisations), most of the community members were defecating in the open, in the forest or river.
After an intense year of work, SurfAid has completed the major projects of our Tsunami Recovery Program in the Mentawai Islands since the 25 October 2010 disaster.
After our initial Emergency Response, seven recovery projects ran simultaneously across two islands, three of which were implemented by SurfAid partners YRSM (Yayasan Reimar Schefold Mentawai), arche noVa and IBU Foundation.
It’s just over a year since the earthquake and tsunami hit the Mentawai Islands on October 25, 2010. SurfAid was at the forefront of the emergency response. Once again, our experiences revealed to us the extent to which knowledge, resourcefulness and global community spirit can save lives. Helping people prepare for and deal with the recurrent natural disasters that are part of life in this region has become part of SurfAid’s mission.
At First Anniversary, Habitat for Humanity Indonesia Reflects On Disaster Response Activity
SINGAPORE, 25 October 2011: One year ago, Indonesia was hit by both a volcanic eruption and tsunami within ten hours. Habitat for Humanity Indonesia has been working in two communities to support some of those affected.
WAM Abu Dhabi, Oct 21st, 2011 (WAM)--The UAE Red Crescent Authority (RCA) has signed an agreement with the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation (OIC) to jointly sponsor 5, 000 Indonesian orphans, victims of Tsunami in Indonesia.
The deal was signed by Mohammed Khalifa Al Qamzi, Secretary General of RCA and Ambassador Atta Al Manan Behkit, Assistant Secretary General of OIC for Humanitarian Affairs.
There have been several activities within the Hygiene Promotion Program as part of SurfAid’s Mentawai tsunami recovery activities, of which AusAID is the lead funder.
One was a campaign for hand-washing with soap using flowing water in an elementary school that involved Grades IV and V students. Aulan Fikro Islami, 12, who lives in Sagitsi Timur hamlet, was one of the Grade V students of Nemnem Leleu School.
Period covered by this final report: 25 October 2010 to 30 June 2011
Appeal target (current): CHF 5,038,981
Appeal coverage: To date, the appeal is 61 per cent covered in cash and kind.
The revised emergency appeal was launched on 19 November 2010 for CHF 5,038,980 in cash, kind, or services to support Palang Merah Indonesia (PMI) to assist up to 100,000 beneficiaries in Merapi operation and 3,750 beneficiaries in the Mentawai operation.
The European Commission and ASEAN set out to reinforce joint disaster response and risk reduction Brussels, 12 September 2011 – The European Commission and ASEAN are keen to engage in closer cooperation in regional disaster management. The mutual commitment was confirmed in Jakarta by Kristalina Georgieva, the EU humanitarian and crisis response commissioner and by representatives of the Indonesian government and ASEAN’s leadership. Georgieva was the first EU Commissioner to visit the ASEAN Secretariat. She met with ASEAN’s Secretary General Dr Surin Pitsuwan, and with Dr H.R.
“Action without well planning and concept creates another disaster. Just wait and see and the disaster will surely happen.” Before the tsunami struck in the end of 2010, Mentawai has already deal with lots of crisis such as health issues; the growth of deadly disease and mothers died in birth; education issues where low education level existed; infrastructure issues where there is no proper road access and bridges. Despite the entire crisis happened, communities in Mentawai are living in the harmony with their modest life style.