The earthquake that hit Haiti on 12 January 2010 affected almost 3.5 million people, including the entire population of 2.8 million people living in the capital, Port-au- Prince. The Government of Haiti estimates that the earthquake killed 222,570 and injured another 300,572 people. Displacement peaked at close to 2.3 million people, including 302,000 children. At least 188,383 houses were badly damaged and 105,000 were destroyed by the earthquake. Sixty per cent of Government and administrative buildings, 80 per cent of schools in Port-au-Prince and 60 per cent of schools in the South and West Departments were destroyed or damaged. Total earthquake-related loss is estimated at $7.8 billion, equivalent to more than 120 per cent of Haiti’s 2009 gross domestic product. (UN General Assembly, 2 Sep 2011)
According to the Humanitarian Action Plan for Haiti 2014 an estimated 172,000 people remain internally displaced in Haiti in 306 camps at the end of 2013, almost four years after the earthquake. Basic services in camps, including WASH and health, have declined faster than the pace of return or relocation of the displaced. 16,377 displaced families living in 52 camps are considered at high risk of forced evictions. If return, relocation or local integration solutions are not intensified in 2014, a large number of displaced people risk continued displacement in deteriorating living conditions, posing environmental and public health risks for people in and around camps, and with acute protection needs. Almost 80,000 people live in 67 camps considered to be at particularly high risk of flooding, with an additional 30 camps at additional environmental risks.