The earthquake that hit Haiti on 12 Jan 2010 affected almost 3.5 million people, including the entire population of 2.8 million people living in the capital, Port-au- Prince. The Government of Haiti estimates that the earthquake killed 222,570 and injured another 300,572 people. Displacement peaked at close to 2.3 million people, including 302,000 children. At least 188,383 houses were badly damaged and 105,000 were destroyed by the earthquake. Sixty per cent of Government and administrative buildings, 80 per cent of schools in Port-au-Prince and 60 per cent of schools in the South and West Departments were destroyed or damaged. Total earthquake-related loss is estimated at $7.8 billion, equivalent to more than 120 per cent of Haiti’s 2009 gross domestic product. (UN General Assembly, 2 Sep 2011)
According to the Humanitarian Action Plan for Haiti 2014 an estimated 172,000 people remained internally displaced in Haiti in 306 camps at the end of 2013, almost four years after the earthquake. Basic services in camps, including WASH and health, had declined faster than the pace of return or relocation of the displaced. 16,377 displaced families living in 52 camps were considered at high risk of forced evictions. Almost 80,000 people lived in 67 camps considered to be at particularly high risk of flooding, with an additional 30 camps at additional environmental risks.
By mid-2014, an estimated 104,000 people remained internally displaced in 172 camps. Almost 70,000 IDPs were not currently targeted by any return or relocation programs. (OCHA, 31 Jul 2014) By Sep, 85,432 people remained internally displaced in 123 camps. (IOM, 8 Oct 2014)
By Tharanga Yakupitiyage
UNITED NATIONS, Oct 23 2016 (IPS) - As Haiti reels from another disaster once again, many are questioning the humanitarian system and looking for long-term solutions with Haitians at the heart of response.
The World Bank and the Global Facility for Disaster Reduction and Recovery (GFDRR) and their partners, the International Federation of the Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC), UN-Habitat, and Habitat for Humanity International, joined forces in 2013 to analyze what was learned from the 2010 Haiti earthquake shelter response and housing recovery experience. This report is the outcome of that process.
2016 has been the third year of consecutive drought in Haiti, worsened by the influence of the El Niño weather phenomenon. These prolonged conditions, with the consequent important crop losses, plunged the country’s many rural households into food insecurity.
1. The urban sphere is part of the fabric of humanitarian crises
Countries in the Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) region are highly vulnerable to a range of natural hazards, including droughts, earthquakes, forest fires, floods, hurricanes, and volcanic eruptions. Between FY 2007 and FY 2016, USAID’s Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance (USAID/ OFDA) and USAID’s Office of Food for Peace (USAID/ FFP) provided humanitarian assistance in response to a diverse range of natural disasters in the region.
By Stacy Jones
The Guidance Note on Recovery: Private Sector draws from the wider body of knowledge on private sector recovery and from documented experiences of past and present disaster planning and recovery e orts. Materials have been collected through desk review and direct consultations with relevant experts. These experiences and lessons learned are classi ed into the following four major issues:
The Disaster Recovery Role of the Private Sector
Engaging the Private Sector in Disaster Recovery
Wangcos Laurore is the Water, Sanitation and Hygiene Program Manager on our cholera response since 2011. Originally from the Nippes area of southern Haiti, he fears the consequences of hurricane Matthew could be dreadful for populations who have not completely recovered from the 2010 earthquake.
The DTM is a monitoring tool designed to provide timely and accurate information on the population and Internally Displaced Persons (IDP) sites. It is a camp-based, rapid assessment that gathers information mainly through observation, physical counting and informant interviews. First rolled out in Haiti in March 2010, (DTM v1.0) was developed in collaboration with the Camp Coordination and Camp Management (CCCM) Cluster and other partners taking into account the emergency information needs of various clusters immediately following the earthquake.
On January 12th 2010, an earthquake of 7.0 magnitude hit Haiti, resulting in the destruction of more than 300,000 buildings and the displacement of 1.5 million people.
Latin America and the Caribbean is a diverse region and does not follow a single pattern of development. This Report is separated into two volumes which share the same narrative: the Regional Human Development Report – the first volume – covers the entire region, while deepening the analysis on Latin America; and this current Caribbean Human Development Report – the second volume – approaches the multidimensional challenges of sustainable development and human progress taking into consideration the particularities of the Caribbean.
1-. RÉSUMÉ ANALYTIQUE
1.1-. Aperçu de l’intervention
Juste après le tremblement de terre de 2010, plusieurs initiatives novatrices, dont la mise en œuvre des transferts d‘argent numérique et des salles de classe mobiles par le PNUD en Haïti, ont permis à de nombreuses femmes de reconstruire leurs maisons et d’améliorer leurs entreprises .
Le PNUD Haïti a également travaillé pendant cinq ans à une approche globale du développement, en particulier à Fort National.
Effective post-disaster reconstruction programmes
This topic guide is a review of the state of play in post-disaster reconstruction. It builds on extensive research, literature and experience to date, most recently considering outputs from the 2015 Sendai Conference on Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR). It considers the status quo and puts forward alternative positions for facilitating effective reconstruction through a more seamless and re-planned approach.
The conclusions of this publication are the following (p. 57):
This submission was prepared for the Universal Periodic Review (UPR) of Haiti in November 2016. In it, Amnesty International evaluates the implementation of recommendations made in its UPR in 2011, noting that while Haiti has taken some steps to address concerns raised in the previous review, more needs to be done to fully implement the recommendations and to address key human rights concerns in the country.
After the 2010 earthquake in Haiti, Taiwan Buddhist Tzu Chi Foundation continuously provides humanitarian project for the survivors, including rice distribution, medical care, training courses, temporary houses, etc. The most important relief mission for Haiti is rebuilding four schools for the children in disaster area.
A New School, A New Beginning
61,302 Personnes déplacées du séisme du 12 janvier 2010 vivent encore dans 33 sites d’hébergement, selon un rapport publié le 30 juin 2016 par l’OIM. Les trois (3) communes qui ont la population déplacée la plus importante sont Delmas avec un total de 9,930 familles soit 32,637 personnes, Croix-des-Bouquets, 2,477 ménages soit 10,799 personnes et Léogâne où 1,025 familles ont été dénombrées soit 4,200 personnes. 5 sites par commune ont été aussi recensés.