The earthquake that hit Haiti on 12 Jan 2010 affected almost 3.5 million people, including the entire population of 2.8 million people living in the capital, Port-au- Prince. The Government of Haiti estimates that the earthquake killed 222,570 and injured another 300,572 people. Displacement peaked at close to 2.3 million people, including 302,000 children. At least 188,383 houses were badly damaged and 105,000 were destroyed by the earthquake. Sixty per cent of Government and administrative buildings, 80 per cent of schools in Port-au-Prince and 60 per cent of schools in the South and West Departments were destroyed or damaged. Total earthquake-related loss is estimated at $7.8 billion, equivalent to more than 120 per cent of Haiti’s 2009 gross domestic product. (UN General Assembly, 2 Sep 2011)
According to the Humanitarian Action Plan for Haiti 2014 an estimated 172,000 people remained internally displaced in Haiti in 306 camps at the end of 2013, almost four years after the earthquake. Basic services in camps, including WASH and health, had declined faster than the pace of return or relocation of the displaced. 16,377 displaced families living in 52 camps were considered at high risk of forced evictions. Almost 80,000 people lived in 67 camps considered to be at particularly high risk of flooding, with an additional 30 camps at additional environmental risks.
By mid-2014, an estimated 104,000 people remained internally displaced in 172 camps. Almost 70,000 IDPs were not currently targeted by any return or relocation programs. (OCHA, 31 Jul 2014) By Sep, 85,432 people remained internally displaced in 123 camps. (IOM, 8 Oct 2014)
On January 12th 2010, an earthquake of 7.0 magnitude hit Haiti, resulting in the destruction of more than 300,000 buildings and the displacement of 1.5 million people.
Latin America and the Caribbean is a diverse region and does not follow a single pattern of development. This Report is separated into two volumes which share the same narrative: the Regional Human Development Report – the first volume – covers the entire region, while deepening the analysis on Latin America; and this current Caribbean Human Development Report – the second volume – approaches the multidimensional challenges of sustainable development and human progress taking into consideration the particularities of the Caribbean.
1-. RÉSUMÉ ANALYTIQUE
1.1-. Aperçu de l’intervention
Juste après le tremblement de terre de 2010, plusieurs initiatives novatrices, dont la mise en œuvre des transferts d‘argent numérique et des salles de classe mobiles par le PNUD en Haïti, ont permis à de nombreuses femmes de reconstruire leurs maisons et d’améliorer leurs entreprises .
Le PNUD Haïti a également travaillé pendant cinq ans à une approche globale du développement, en particulier à Fort National.
Effective post-disaster reconstruction programmes
This topic guide is a review of the state of play in post-disaster reconstruction. It builds on extensive research, literature and experience to date, most recently considering outputs from the 2015 Sendai Conference on Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR). It considers the status quo and puts forward alternative positions for facilitating effective reconstruction through a more seamless and re-planned approach.
The conclusions of this publication are the following (p. 57):
This submission was prepared for the Universal Periodic Review (UPR) of Haiti in November 2016. In it, Amnesty International evaluates the implementation of recommendations made in its UPR in 2011, noting that while Haiti has taken some steps to address concerns raised in the previous review, more needs to be done to fully implement the recommendations and to address key human rights concerns in the country.
After the 2010 earthquake in Haiti, Taiwan Buddhist Tzu Chi Foundation continuously provides humanitarian project for the survivors, including rice distribution, medical care, training courses, temporary houses, etc. The most important relief mission for Haiti is rebuilding four schools for the children in disaster area.
A New School, A New Beginning
61,302 Personnes déplacées du séisme du 12 janvier 2010 vivent encore dans 33 sites d’hébergement, selon un rapport publié le 30 juin 2016 par l’OIM. Les trois (3) communes qui ont la population déplacée la plus importante sont Delmas avec un total de 9,930 familles soit 32,637 personnes, Croix-des-Bouquets, 2,477 ménages soit 10,799 personnes et Léogâne où 1,025 familles ont été dénombrées soit 4,200 personnes. 5 sites par commune ont été aussi recensés.
With support from the American Red Cross, Global Communities with its partner Build Change are implementing the $18.8 million Lavi Miyo Nan Katye pa’m Nan (LAMIKA) program over 37 months. LAMIKA is an urban integrated neighborhood reconstruction and recovery program being implemented in Carrefour-Feuilles, a poor residential neighborhood in Port-au-Prince which sustained extensive damage from the 2010 earthquake.
The 2015 International Annual Report describes how SOS Children’s Villages around the world supported children and strengthened families and communities in 2015 through community-integrated responses in care, education, health and emergency services.
The 573 SOS Children’s Villages around the world in 2015 are described as ‘care and protection hubs’ for their local communities, as they provided a range of locally-tailored services to support vulnerable children.
Food and nutritional insecurity due to recurrent drought episodes exacerbated by El Niño phenomena are the focus of current European Commission assistance. Interventions are closely articulated with initiatives aiming at enhancing the resilience of the most vulnerable populations to face and recover from recurrent shocks.
The Director’s Letter
Col. Joseph Martin, USAF
Just over a year ago a devastating earthquake struck the country of Nepal, with major aftershocks in the ensuing weeks. The international community responded across a wide range of capabilities and in many cases remains engaged today in recovery and reconstruction. This edition of the Liaison Journal is specifically set aside to capture a range of lessons learned, with each providing the unique perspective of the supporting organization and author.
28 MILLION PEOPLE FORCIBLY DISPLACED BY CONFLICT AND DISASTERS IN 2015 AND MILLIONS MORE STILL INVISIBLE: IDMC NEW REPORT HIGHLIGHTS GLOBAL CRISIS OF INTERNAL DISPLACEMENT
Conflict, violence and disasters internally displaced 27.8 million people in 2015, subjecting a record number of men, women and children to the trauma and upheaval of being forcibly displaced within their own country.
Une consultation multi-pays en vue du Sommet humanitaire mondial à Istanbul
54,5% de la population mondiale vit dans des zones urbaines caractérisées par une densité de population élevée et un environnement socio-économique, politique et institutionnel complexe. Apporter des réponses coordonnées et plus efficaces lors de crises en milieu urbain est une priorité pour réduire la vulnérabilité des populations.