The earthquake that hit Haiti on 12 Jan 2010 affected almost 3.5 million people, including the entire population of 2.8 million people living in the capital, Port-au- Prince. The Government of Haiti estimates that the earthquake killed 222,570 and injured another 300,572 people. Displacement peaked at close to 2.3 million people, including 302,000 children. At least 188,383 houses were badly damaged and 105,000 were destroyed by the earthquake. Sixty per cent of Government and administrative buildings, 80 per cent of schools in Port-au-Prince and 60 per cent of schools in the South and West Departments were destroyed or damaged. Total earthquake-related loss is estimated at $7.8 billion, equivalent to more than 120 per cent of Haiti’s 2009 gross domestic product. (UN General Assembly, 2 Sep 2011)
According to the Humanitarian Action Plan for Haiti 2014 an estimated 172,000 people remained internally displaced in Haiti in 306 camps at the end of 2013, almost four years after the earthquake. Basic services in camps, including WASH and health, had declined faster than the pace of return or relocation of the displaced. 16,377 displaced families living in 52 camps were considered at high risk of forced evictions. Almost 80,000 people lived in 67 camps considered to be at particularly high risk of flooding, with an additional 30 camps at additional environmental risks.
By mid-2014, an estimated 104,000 people remained internally displaced in 172 camps. Almost 70,000 IDPs were not currently targeted by any return or relocation programs. (OCHA, 31 Jul 2014) By Sep, 85,432 people remained internally displaced in 123 camps. (IOM, 8 Oct 2014)
This report examines the effectiveness of national legal and regulatory frameworks with regard to emergency and transitional shelter following natural disasters in Haiti. It provides an overview of the relevant laws, policies and procedures that have a bearing on different aspects of emergency and transitional shelter response. It identifies potential regulatory barriers to emergency and transitional response efforts, as well as a range of positive developments and initiatives that can enhance the effectiveness of shelter activities.
Port-au-Prince, Haïti | AFP | vendredi 17/04/2015 - 20:18 GMT
L'Etat haïtien a inauguré vendredi, dans un quartier détruit par le séisme de 2010, vingt-cinq logements bâtis sous le principe de la copropriété, une nouveauté dans le pays le plus densément peuplé des Caraïbes.
16,230 ménages déplacés soit 64,680 PDI, demeurent toujours dans des sites
66 sites de déplacés demeurent ouverts
59% de ces sites se composent de tentes
9% de ces sites se composent d’un mélange de tentes et d’abris transitoires
32% de ces sites se composent d’abris transitoires (T-Shelters)
39 sites PDI ont été fermés entre le 1er Janvier et le 31 Mars 2015
16,230 IDP Households or 64,680 IDP Individuals still living in IDP sites
66 Displacement Sites still open - 59% Tent and make-shift shelter sites
9% Mixed (T-shelters, tents and make-shift shelter) sites
32% T-Shelter sites - 39 IDP sites closed between 1st January to 31st March 2015
1 T-shelter site closed spontaneously with the departure of all IDPs
38 sites (3,322 households) closed through rental subsidy programs.
01 Apr 2015 by Jean Thomas Nouboussi, HIV, Health and Development Team, UNDP Global Fund Programme, Haiti
The IFRC and the Dominican Republic Red Cross Society have launched a new report on the laws, rules and procedures in the Dominican Republic for managing international assistance in the event of a future disaster.
By Luis Luna
Snapshot 25–31 March 2015
Ukraine: Fears are growing of a new offensive in Mariupol, as non-government troops appear to be gathering nearby. A recent assessment has found that more than 1.6 million people need humanitarian assistance, nearly 1.1 million of whom are in non-government-controlled areas. 20–30% of IDPs are at risk of losing their status and benefits, due to a new mechanism to verify the addresses of IDPs.
Haiti - L’OIM a terminé la construction de 72 logements dans un quartier vulnérable à Port-au-Prince, la capitale d’Haïti, fortement touchée par le séisme de 2010.
Les fonds ont été fournis par le Bureau de la monétisation et des programmes d’aide au développement (BMPAD) du gouvernement haïtien, dans le cadre d’un projet de 16 millions de dollars coordonnés par l’Unité de construction de logements et de bâtiments publics (UCLPB) qui se concentre sur la reconstruction des communautés touchées par le séisme.
Haiti - IOM has completed the construction of 72 housing units in a vulnerable neighborhood in Haiti’s capital Port-au-Prince heavily affected by the 2010 earthquake.
Funds were provided by the Government of Haiti’s Bureau of Monetization of Development Aid Programs (BMPAD) as part of a USD 16 million project coordinated by the country’s Unit for Housing and Public Buildings Construction (UCLBP) which focuses on rebuilding earthquake-affected communities.
18 March 2015 – The Government of Haiti has made progress towards the holding of elections critical for the country’s stability and development, the top United Nations official in the Caribbean nation told the Security Council today.
Presenting the Secretary-General’s report on the UN Stabilization Mission in Haiti (MINUSTAH), Sandra Honoré reported that the country had made “measurable gains towards the holding of long-overdue elections” by the end of 2015, despite the lingering “uncertainty” caused by the absence of a functioning Parliament.
The Independent Expert on the situation of human rights in Haiti considers the situation to be complex but not insuperable. Following his second mission to the country, in July 2014, he reviews here the efforts made thus far to address the five human rights areas identified in his previous report as warranting urgent action, namely: (a) illiteracy, (b) prolonged pretrial detention, (c) elections, (d) redress for large-scale human rights violations perpetrated in the past and (e) resettlement of the people displaced by the 2010 earthquake.
Migration has been and always will be a fact of life; we have to ensure that it is also a safe process that does not negatively impact the health of migrants and host communities. Population mobility influences, guides and supports economic and social development, social stability, and the greater integration of global processes in countries of origin, transit, destination and return. The healthier migrants are, the more efficient and balanced the future of our integrated and globalized world will be.
Five years after the devastating earthquake, Haiti is slowly getting back on its feet. Albeit greatly reduced compared to 2010, humanitarian needs persist. The UN has just launched a Transitional Appeal which serves as an integrated strategic and operational plan for humanitarian and resilience-building actions.
While emergency disaster responses prioritise and tackle the immediate needs of people, effective risk reduction plans sustainably address a community’s medium and long-term resilience and recovery. Such plans involve analysing and mitigating the many damaging effects of disasters that extend far beyond the initial event. For people and regions that rely on animals, this means a ‘big picture’ approach encompassing both human and animal welfare.
APERÇU DE LA SITUATION
La matrice de suivi du déplacement (DTM) publiée en décembre 2014, montre que 79 397 personnes vivent encore dans 105 sites de déplacés. 5 939 familles déplacées vivant dans 21 sites sont considerées à risque d’expulsions forcées (risques faibles et élevés). 41 045 personnes vivant dans 26 sites de déplacées sont considérées comme personne à risque d'inondation. Jusqu’au mois de décembre 2014, environ 15 515 ménages ou 62 637 individus en déplacement n’ont pas été ciblés par un programme de retour ou de relocalisation.
The December 2014 Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) shows that 79,397 individuals are still living in 105 IDP sites. 5,939 displaced families living in 21 camps are considered at risk of forced evictions (low and high risks). 41,045 people living in 26 camps are considered to be particularly at high risk of flooding. As on December 2014, an estimated 15,515 households or 62,637 IDP individuals were not targeted by any return or relocation programs.