The earthquake that hit Haiti on 12 Jan 2010 affected almost 3.5 million people, including the entire population of 2.8 million people living in the capital, Port-au- Prince. The Government of Haiti estimates that the earthquake killed 222,570 and injured another 300,572 people. Displacement peaked at close to 2.3 million people, including 302,000 children. At least 188,383 houses were badly damaged and 105,000 were destroyed by the earthquake. Sixty per cent of Government and administrative buildings, 80 per cent of schools in Port-au-Prince and 60 per cent of schools in the South and West Departments were destroyed or damaged. Total earthquake-related loss is estimated at $7.8 billion, equivalent to more than 120 per cent of Haiti’s 2009 gross domestic product. (UN General Assembly, 2 Sep 2011)
According to the Humanitarian Action Plan for Haiti 2014 an estimated 172,000 people remained internally displaced in Haiti in 306 camps at the end of 2013, almost four years after the earthquake. Basic services in camps, including WASH and health, had declined faster than the pace of return or relocation of the displaced. 16,377 displaced families living in 52 camps were considered at high risk of forced evictions. Almost 80,000 people lived in 67 camps considered to be at particularly high risk of flooding, with an additional 30 camps at additional environmental risks.
By mid-2014, an estimated 104,000 people remained internally displaced in 172 camps. Almost 70,000 IDPs were not currently targeted by any return or relocation programs. (OCHA, 31 Jul 2014) By Sep, 85,432 people remained internally displaced in 123 camps. (IOM, 8 Oct 2014)
Haiti - IOM has completed the construction of 72 housing units in a vulnerable neighborhood in Haiti’s capital Port-au-Prince heavily affected by the 2010 earthquake.
Funds were provided by the Government of Haiti’s Bureau of Monetization of Development Aid Programs (BMPAD) as part of a USD 16 million project coordinated by the country’s Unit for Housing and Public Buildings Construction (UCLBP) which focuses on rebuilding earthquake-affected communities.
18 March 2015 – The Government of Haiti has made progress towards the holding of elections critical for the country’s stability and development, the top United Nations official in the Caribbean nation told the Security Council today.
Presenting the Secretary-General’s report on the UN Stabilization Mission in Haiti (MINUSTAH), Sandra Honoré reported that the country had made “measurable gains towards the holding of long-overdue elections” by the end of 2015, despite the lingering “uncertainty” caused by the absence of a functioning Parliament.
The Independent Expert on the situation of human rights in Haiti considers the situation to be complex but not insuperable. Following his second mission to the country, in July 2014, he reviews here the efforts made thus far to address the five human rights areas identified in his previous report as warranting urgent action, namely: (a) illiteracy, (b) prolonged pretrial detention, (c) elections, (d) redress for large-scale human rights violations perpetrated in the past and (e) resettlement of the people displaced by the 2010 earthquake.
Migration has been and always will be a fact of life; we have to ensure that it is also a safe process that does not negatively impact the health of migrants and host communities. Population mobility influences, guides and supports economic and social development, social stability, and the greater integration of global processes in countries of origin, transit, destination and return. The healthier migrants are, the more efficient and balanced the future of our integrated and globalized world will be.
Five years after the devastating earthquake, Haiti is slowly getting back on its feet. Albeit greatly reduced compared to 2010, humanitarian needs persist. The UN has just launched a Transitional Appeal which serves as an integrated strategic and operational plan for humanitarian and resilience-building actions.
While emergency disaster responses prioritise and tackle the immediate needs of people, effective risk reduction plans sustainably address a community’s medium and long-term resilience and recovery. Such plans involve analysing and mitigating the many damaging effects of disasters that extend far beyond the initial event. For people and regions that rely on animals, this means a ‘big picture’ approach encompassing both human and animal welfare.
APERÇU DE LA SITUATION
La matrice de suivi du déplacement (DTM) publiée en décembre 2014, montre que 79 397 personnes vivent encore dans 105 sites de déplacés. 5 939 familles déplacées vivant dans 21 sites sont considerées à risque d’expulsions forcées (risques faibles et élevés). 41 045 personnes vivant dans 26 sites de déplacées sont considérées comme personne à risque d'inondation. Jusqu’au mois de décembre 2014, environ 15 515 ménages ou 62 637 individus en déplacement n’ont pas été ciblés par un programme de retour ou de relocalisation.
The December 2014 Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) shows that 79,397 individuals are still living in 105 IDP sites. 5,939 displaced families living in 21 camps are considered at risk of forced evictions (low and high risks). 41,045 people living in 26 camps are considered to be particularly at high risk of flooding. As on December 2014, an estimated 15,515 households or 62,637 IDP individuals were not targeted by any return or relocation programs.
The first accessible, para-seismic, hurricane-proof school building in Haiti – the Pazapa Centre – was inaugurated on February 27, 2015 in Jacmel.
School premises in Pazapa
Spanning a total of 5 long, yet paradoxically brief, though painful and arduous years of traversing this fragile and often times broken road towards recovery, this tattered road, despite its cracks and holes, is still in tact with many a travelers still walking upon it. After being struck by the massive earthquake 5 years ago, Haiti and its supporters have continuously shown that despite setbacks and challenges, the will to stand is yet still strong. From individuals to communities, from non-profit humanitarian groups to foreign governments, support for Haiti continues.
This report carries out a rigorous literature review around four key areas:
Is education seen as a ‘high priority’ amongst emergency affected populations?
To what extent is schooling disrupted by different types of emergencies? And how are different groups affected?
What are the economic and human costs of emergencies on education? And what are returns to investment in education in emergencies?
What is the nature of funding for education in emergencies?
The report finds that:
Earlier this month, when Haiti’s automated blood testing equipment stopped working, the Haitian Red Cross called on its northern neighbors to fill the gap in its nation’s blood supply. Thanks to the generosity of blood donors in the United States, Haiti received four shipments of much-needed blood to address the shortage.
February 20, 2015 / 64(06);137-140
J. Wysler Domercant, MD1, Florence D. Guillaume, MD2, Barbara J. Marston, MD1,3, David W. Lowrance, MD1, Haiti Health Systems Recovery Team, Ministry of Health, Republic of Haiti (Author affiliations at end of text)
The FENAD brick-making factory became self-sustaining two years after its initial financing in 2012
FENAD generates up to US$3,200 per month in profit; it has purchased its own land and provides jobs for roughly 100 persons
It sells quality materials and provides construction-related advisory services to its community
LES POINTS MARQUANTS
L’usine de fabrication de briques FENAD est devenue autonome en 2 ans après un financement initial en 2012
FENAD réalise jusqu’à 3200 dollars de bénéfices par mois, a acheté son propre terrain et fournit du travail à une centaine de personnes
Elle vend des matériaux de qualité et fournit des services de conseil en construction à sa communauté
Key achievements toward Strategic Objectives
• From January to December 2014, 45,088 IDPs (14,193 families) were relocated from IDP camps to neighborhoods thanks to rental subsidy programs. 163 IDP sites were closed as a result.
• As of December 2014, there was a 53% reduction in the number of cholera cases compared to the same period last year.
• 53% of nutritional coverage provided in areas most affected by severe acute malnutrition.
On January 12, 2010, a 7.0 magnitude earthquake devastated the Haitian capital city of Port-au-Prince, leveling buildings and overwhelming the health systems in place. Five years later, on January 29, health leaders from civil society and local organizations met with Haitian government officials and congressional staff for a day of information-sharing and reflection on the gains in health infrastructure made since the earthquake.