A 7.6 magnitude earthquake struck south Asia on Saturday 8 Oct 2005, totally devastating parts of northern Pakistan, India and Afghanistan. The epicentre of the earthquake was located 95 kilometres northeast of the Pakistan capital Islamabad. (OCHA, 26 Oct 2014)
Approximately 75,000 people were killed, 70,000 injured, and an estimated 3.5 million people were left homeless. The earthquake response, which was led from the earliest stages of rescue and relief to the ongoing reconstruction phase by the Pakistan Army, is judged by many to have been the most effective response ever to a natural disaster of this magnitude. (Feinstein International Center, 25 Feb 2008)
Habib Mughal, Sheikh Ahsan Ahmed, Hamid Mumtaz, Babar Tanwir, Sumera Bilal, Maggie Stephenson
In October 2005 the Kashmir earthquake left over 75,000 people dead and 3.5 million homeless, just before winter on the foot of the Himalayas from low to high altitude.
The shelter response ensured no further loss of life, no large scale displacement and maximum assistance at origin. The rural housing reconstruction programme results include 611,000 houses repaired and reconstructed within 4 years and over 90% compliant with safer standards.
ISLAMABAD: Rehabilitation and reconstruction projects started in the wake of the 2005 earthquake have not been completed yet because of shortage of funds.
This was said by an official of the Earthquake Reconstruction and Rehabilitation Authority (Erra) at a meeting of the National Assembly’s Standing Committee on Kashmir Affairs and Gilgit-Baltistan held at the Parliament House on Monday with Malik Ibrar in the chair
National Disaster Management Authority with the assistance of the World Bank has organized a Validation Workshop for an in-depth Case Study on the "Pakistan 2005 Earthquake Recovery and Reconstruction Experience", at Serena Hotel, Islamabad.
During the workshop key findings of analysis based on extensive literature review and interviews with a broad range of stakeholders, were presented by the World Bank.
The Asia and Pacific region is the world’s most disasterprone area. Between 1970 and 2010, the average number of people in the region exposed to yearly flooding increased from 30 million to 64 million, and the population living in cyclone-prone areas grew from 72 million to 121 million.
Women—with their extensive knowledge of communities, social roles of managing natural environmental resources, and caring responsibilities—increasingly play a critical role in disaster risk management. Empowering women is the key to strengthening disaster resilience of communities.
Assisting the victims of natural disasters, India being highly vulnerable to cyclones, floods, earthquakes and droughts remains a priority. .
Alleviating the emergency needs arising from three protracted crises:
Jammu & Kashmir, the North-Eastern States, and Naxal-affected areas in central India, with a special emphasis on protection, health and nutrition remains a must.
Source: Thomson Reuters Foundation - Fri, 12 Jul 2013 12:45 AM
Author: Roshan Din Shad
UPPER AMBORE, Pakistan (Thomson Reuters Foundation) – For more than half a century, raising silkworms was a way to get through the bad times in Pakistani-administered Kashmir. But in 2005 a devastating earthquake destroyed many of the region’s sericulture facilities, dealing a major blow to the cottage industry.
Read the full article on AlertNet
Internal walking routes, as well as access to neighbouring villages in Chamyati is essential in the day-to-day chores involved in farming and harvesting. Good access is also vital to residents' health and hygiene as all drinking water is fetched from distant natural springs, via unsafe walking routes.
Islamic Relief is improving the facilities in seven villages in Pakistan-administered Kashmir (AJK).
This Manual is a guide for those tasked with responding to post-disaster housing reconstruction needs. It details the various processes, tasks, and interventions involved in the design and management of such programs. It uses Pakistan’s post-earthquake Rural Housing Reconstruction Program (RHRP) as a case study, and draws on the experience and lessons from that to derive recommendations for future post-disaster housing reconstruction programs.
The Japan Fund for Poverty Reduction (JFPR) was established in May 2000 and provides direct grant assistance to the poorest and most vulnerable groups in developing member countries (DMCs) of the Asian Development Bank (ADB) while fostering long-term socioeconomic development. The grants target poverty reduction initiatives with the direct participation of nongovernment organizations, community groups, and civil society.
This fall, a team of staff - including International Program Coordinator, Joe Harrison - traveled to Pakistan to visit local health care partners. Much of the trip was an eye-opening experience for Harrison, but one particular girl’s story will always remain in his memory. He shares his uplifting reflection below:
At just one year old, Ain-Ul-Haya was one of the millions severely injured when a 7.5 magnitude earthquake decimated northern Pakistan in 2005, killing an estimated 80,000 people.
MANSEHRA, Dec 23: The residents of two Oghi villages have threatened to agitate over delay in the reconstruction of schools destroyed by the Oct 2005 earthquake.
Afsar Khan, Abdul Rehman, Mohammad Kabir and Sardar Khan from Chajar Bala and Chajar Pain told reporters in Oghi the other day that the buildings of the government primary schools in their villages were pulled down after they developed big cracks in the devastating earthquake seven years ago.
They added that reconstruction of schools began two years ago but was later halted forcing children to study in the open.
From the Newspaper | Tariq Naqash
MUZAFFARABAD, Oct 7: As the entire nation commemorated the 7th anniversary of the October 2005 earthquake on Monday, most of the survivors were still concerned about the pledged reconstruction work, which is still not completed.
Like an annual ritual, government functionaries started bragging about their achievements and future plans regarding the reconstruction program, soon after the onset of October, notwithstanding a widely known bitter reality – acute scarcity of cash flow.
From the Newspaper | Ahmad Hassan
ISLAMABAD, Sept 12: Hundreds of 2005 earthquake affected people including women of northern Hazara areas and flood affected areas of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KPK) on Wednesday converged at Aabpara’s Community Centre in Islamabad to protest government’s failure to rehabilitate them in seven long years.
British support helps rebuild schools and bridges in northen Pakistan
October 2012 marks seven years since the devastating 7.6 magnitude earthquake which shook northern Pakistan at 8.50 am on 8 October 2005.
More than 73,000 people were killed, including 850 teachers and 18,000 students. Another 128,000 people were injured and 3.5 million left homeless. Some villages lost up to a quarter of their residents.
From the Newspaper | Mohammad Ashfaq
PESHAWAR, Aug 13: Over 600 schools ‘unnecessarily’ pulled down by contractors soon after the Oct 2005 devastating earthquake in Hazara division have been awaiting reconstruction for around seven years, according to the relevant officials.
Neither the successive provincial and federal governments allocated any funds for the purpose nor did donors pay any attention towards it.
From the Newspaper | Intikhab Amir | 29th July, 2012
PESHAWAR, July 28: A number of 2,500 ongoing development projects in the 2005 earthquake-affected areas of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa are likely to experience stoppage of work in the financial year 2012-13 due to lack of funding, according to official sources.
The Khyber Pakhtunkhwa government has curtailed its work plan 2012-13 for the earthquake-hit areas’ reconstruction and rehabilitation by around 50 per cent and left 1,300 projects out due to unavailability of funds, the relevant officials told Dawn on Saturday.
By A. Sami Malik
GARI HABIBULLAH, Pakistan, 22 June 2012 – Eleven-year-old Khadija Riaz recalls the earthquake that devastated north-western Pakistan in 2005. She was then a second grade student in the mosque school of Paksayr Village, not far from the town of Gari Habibullah in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Province.
“When the earthquake hit, we were sitting in the open behind the mosque – there was no school in our village. The school in Gari Habibullah was completely destroyed. My cousin Sadia died in it. My house, and many other houses in our village, collapsed,” she said.