Ethiopia: Measles Outbreak - May 2017Ongoing
In Ethiopia, 348 cases had been confirmed and 40 outbreaks reported in Addis Ababa, Afar, Amhara, Oromia, Southern Nations Nationalities and Peoples, Somali and Tigray regions, as of 31 March 2017. The majority of the cases (39 per cent) have occurred among children under five years. Although not yet officially confirmed by the Federal Ministry of Health (FMOH), over 100 cases of measles were additionally reported during the month of April 2017 in Gashamo Woreda, Jarar zone, in Somali region, which would bring total number of cases in 2017 to approximately 450 cases. (UNICEF, 17 May 2017)
As of week 22, 2017 there have been 1,981 reported cases of measles across the country, including 961 confirmed cases (420 laboratory confirmations, 490 epi-linked and 51 clinically compatible cases). In the same week there were 73 new suspected cases reported across the country...The phase one measles campaign was launched on 3 June 2017 in Degahabur City in Jarar Zone Somali Region as scheduled and the first phase is to be implemented in the four zones of Jarar, Nogob, Dollo and Korahay. The next phase will target the other zones. The target population for the campaign for under 5 years is 854,961 while for under 15 the target population is 1,714,151. (WHO, 9 Jun 2017)
The measles outbreak is still persisting. During week 24, a total of 37 new suspected measles cases were reported in the country. Since the beginning of 2017, a total of 2,119 suspected measles cases were reported from across the country. This includes 979 confirmed cases (434 laboratory-confirmed, 490 epidemiologically-linked and 55 clinically compatible cases). Of the reported cases, 18.5% had not received any measles vaccination and 44.1% had an unknown status. Oromia is still the most affected region, with 32% of reported cases, followed by Amhara (28%), Addis Ababa (17%) and SNNPR (11%). (WHO, 23 Jun 2017)
A product of the Disaster Risk Management Technical Working Group (DRMTWG)
This report has been prepared under the auspices of the Federal Disaster Risk Management Technical Working Group, co-chaired by the National Disaster Risk Management Commission (NDRMC) and OCHA with participation of Sector Co-Chairs (Government Line Ministries and Cluster Coordinators). It covers the period from 01 to 31 July 2017 (the information in this issue was compiled ahead of the announcement of the HRD mid-year review).
The number of severely food insecure people in Kenya, Somalia and Ethiopia has increased to 14.3 million, following the publication of new data on the situation in Kenya.
The severe nutrition crisis in Somali region continues to be of significant concern, with over 7,000 SAM cases reported monthly.
This represents over 25% of SAM admissions for the country.
UNICEF is working with the Somali regional government, UN and NGO partners to implement an integrated and scaled-up nutrition response with expanded screening, referral and treatment, reaching children and communities across the region.
Southern and eastern Ethiopia continue to battle the impact of the Indian Ocean Dipole-induced drought, exacerbated by disease outbreaks, large scale loss of livelihood assets and displacement. The humanitarian situation countrywide has been further compounded by below average spring rains – the third consecutive poor/failed rains in the southern drought belt.
• Between January and May, UNICEF and partners have provided 141,636 children with treatment for severe acute malnutrition (SAM) in more than 17,600 treatment sites.
• Since January, 228,220 people in hard-to-reach areas in Afar and Somali regions benefited from medical services provided by 49 mobile health and nutrition teams (MHNTs) deployed by respective Regional Health Bureaus with UNICEF support. Of those people reached, 39 per cent are children under five years of age.
This weekly bulletin focuses on selected acute public health emergencies occurring in the WHO African Region. The WHO Health Emergencies Programme is currently monitoring 42 events in the region. This week’s edition covers key ongoing events, including the:
• Undiagnosed paediatric eruptive fever in Cameroon
• Dengue fever in Côte d’Ivoire
• Hepatitis E in Niger
• Humanitarian crisis in the Democratic Republic of the Congo
• Humanitarian refugee crisis in Uganda
• Humanitarian crisis in Madagascar
7.8 million people are in need of emergency food assistance in Ethiopia, this figure is expected to increase to up to 15 million during the second half of the year.
In Ethiopia, Somali region (bordering Somalia) is most affected by drought and food insecurity; a dire food security emergency is ongoing. Approximately, 2.5 million people will require emergency food assistance in Somali Region. As of June, the worst-affected households were classified to be in 'Emergency' (IPC Phase 4).
In Somalia there are unfavourable prospects for this year's main Gu crops, after the Gu rains were late and poorly distributed over most areas of the country. In the Lower Shabelle region, the main maize producing area, seasonal rainfall was about 50 per cent belowaverage with drought conditions currently affecting up to 85 per cent of the cropland.
Rising needs: Following poor performing spring rains, the number of people receiving humanitarian assistance has increased from 5.6 million to 7.8 million in the first quarter of the year, and is expected to heighten further in the second half of the year. Increased funding is needed urgently, to address immediate requirements for food and nutrition, as well as clean drinking water.
This weekly bulletin focuses on selected acute public health emergencies occurring in the WHO African Region. WHO AFRO is currently monitoring 39 events: three Grade 3, six Grade 2, six Grade 1, and 24 ungraded events.
This week’s edition covers key ongoing events in the region, including the grade 3 humanitarian crises in South Sudan and Ethiopia and outbreaks of hepatitis E in the Lake Chad Basin (Chad, Niger and Nigeria), malaria in Burundi, dengue fever in Côte d’Ivoire, and visceral leishmaniasis in Kenya.
Acute watery diarrhoea (AWD) continues to be reported in Amhara, Oromia and Somali regions although with a decreasing incidence rate.
The National Disaster Risk Management Commission (NDRMC) issued its first Flood Alert of 2017 on 26 June identifying woredas in 43 zones and three towns that are at risk of flooding. The Alert identified specific flood risks according to region and recommended preparedness actions including prepositioning of food and non-food items, disease surveillance among other measures.
Prolonged drought drives a food security Emergency in Somalia and southeastern Ethiopia
I. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY