As of 19 March 2017, a total of 1,407 suspected cases of meningitis and 211 deaths have been reported from 40 local government areas in five states of Nigeria since December 2016. Zamfara, Katsina and Sokoto account for 89% of these cases. (WHO, 24 Mar 2017)
As at April 3, 2017, a total of 2,997 suspected cases of CSM have been reported in 16 States in Nigeria, of which 146 have been laboratory-confirmed. Unfortunately, 336 deaths have also been recorded...A total of 500,000 doses of Meningitis C vaccines have been distributed to some of the affected States for immediate outbreak response vaccination. An additional 823,970 doses of Meningitis C vaccines are expected from the UK to support vaccination activities in other affected States. The Emergency Operations Centre will support State-wide vaccination campaign which starts in Zamfara State on Wednesday the 5th of April, 2017. (Govt, 4 Apr 2017)
The number of new cases of suspected meningitis being reported has begun to decline as outbreak control measures take effect. A total of 628 new cases were reported in week 16 versus 1,935 in week 15 and 2,127 in week 14. The cumulative number of suspected cases recorded in Nigeria throughout the outbreak period is now 9,646 and 839 deaths from 43 Local Government Areas in 23 states. (Govt, 26 Apr 2017)
Health sector is supporting the State Ministry of Health and State Primary Health Care Agency in Adamawa, Borno and Yobe states to lead the preparedness process for cerebro-spinal meningitis epidemic, which is a looming threat in the region. A draft epidemic preparedness and response plan has been prepared for North-East Nigeria. As of April 13, 2017, a total of 5,695 suspected cases have been reported; included 221 (4%) laboratory confirmed cases; and 611 deaths (WHO, Gov't Nigeria, Health Cluster, 30 Apr 2017.)
The meningitis outbreak situation in Nigeria is gradually improving. During week 18 (week ending 7 May 2017), the four most affected states of Zamfara, Sokoto, Katsina and Kebbi observed reduction in the weekly caseload and deaths. (WHO, 12 May 2017)
USG announces additional $45 million for the Nigeria humanitarian response
More than 11,800 people relocate to Nigeria’s Banki town from Cameroon in May
WFP continues providing emergency food assistance to IDPs and refugees across the Lake Chad Basin Region
International donors contribute $24 million to the Nigerian Humanitarian Fund
Violence induced by the Boko Haram insurgency now in its eight year and military counter-insurgency operations has forced more than 1.8 million people to flee their homes in the six northeastern states, and particularly in Borno, Adamawa and Yobe (where 92 per cent of the displaced are from). More than half of these displaced are children.
6.9 million people are living in areas with inadequate health services in the northeast, including more than 68% of the 1.8 million IDPs living in host communities across Adamawa, Borno, and Yobe states. The lack of qualified staff and essential medicines, and the destruction of medical facilities all continue to hamper the implementation of interventions.
With only 21 per cent of the funding needs met, aid partners continue to be severely constrained. The situation is increasingly concerning due to the imminence of the rainy and lean seasons.
Since its creation in February, the Nigeria Humanitarian Fund has raised close to US$24 million and held its first Advisory board meeting. A first round of allocations is expected in June.
Polio staff in Nigeria have contributed emergency response expertise in Sokoto State
In early May 2017, polio programme staff from across Nigeria joined efforts to combat a meningitis outbreak in Sokoto, providing support and expertise in outbreak response to help Sokoto State in controlling the outbreak.
Almost 200 WHO polio officers worked with state and national government agencies and other partners to plan and implement a state-wide vaccination campaign aimed at reaching almost 800 000 young people at risk of contracting the disease.
WHO Country Representative, Nigeria, Dr. Wondi Alemu visited hard-to-reach areas in Yobe and in Borno state including Kukarieta and Ngamdu in order to personally appreciate the critical conditions of the affected population.
WHO provided technical support for the vaccination of 185 201 persons aged 9 – 15years with Men A vaccine and more than 5000 aged 2-8years with Pentavalent in Yobe state.
Trained 80 clinicians, laboratory scientists and nurses in Borno and Yobe states on CSM diagnosis and case management.
An upsurge of violence has been reported in some areas in central Borno State and at the border between Niger and Nigeria. This increase in casualties hampers the provision of humanitarian assistance.
La propagation des épidémies dans la région du lac Tchad associée à une augmentation du nombre de personnes touchées par la famine au Nigeria exige de trouver rapidement une solution politique à un conflit complexe et de mettre à disposition des fonds indispensables. Les bailleurs doivent respecter les engagements pris en février lors de la conférence d’Oslo et débloquer des fonds.
“Donors must stand by their commitments and release funds pledged at donor conference in Oslo in February”
Abuja, 17/05/2017. The outbreak of epidemics in the Lake Chad region coupled with a rising number of people experiencing severe hunger in Nigeria demands urgent attention to provide a political solution to the complex conflict and release much needed funds, urges CARE International.
Currently, there are 4.7 million estimated food insecure people in the country’s most crisis-affected states (Borno, Adamawa and Yobe). This number is expected to rise to 5.2 million between June and August if adequate measures are not put in place.
From 13th December, 2016 to 8th May, 2017, 13,420 suspected cases and 1069 deaths (8%) were reported
Of the 448 laboratory confirmed cases, 293 (65.2%) were Neisseria meningitidis serogroup C
In the last four weeks (Epi-week 15-18), 48 Local Government Areas (LGAs) have reached alert/epidemic threshold in six States — Zamfara, Sokoto, Kano, Katsina, Kebbi and Yobe
Technical teams still supporting coordination and response activities in the most affected States
• WFP provides assistance to 1.1 million people in Nigeria’s Adamawa, Borno, and Yobe states in April amid funding constraints
• UN leadership advocates for increased donor support to the Nigeria humanitarian response
• Nigerian authorities secure the release of 82 girls from Boko Haram in Borno
• Government of Niger declares a hepatitis E outbreak in Diffa
As of 15 April 2017, 10.3% ($109 million) of the 2017 Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP) had been funded for North-East Nigeria. Over $120 million was also received outside the 2017 HRP, according to the Financial Tracking System. Additional funding is urgently required to continue to scale up the humanitarian response;
Due to critical funding shortages, Food Security partners started experiencing a pipeline break, forcing organisations to provide only half rations to beneficiaries;
IOM DTM Round XV (March 2017) estimates, a total of 1.69 million people are still internally displaced across the three northeastern states of Adamawa, Borno and Yobe, of which, 84 per cent are in Borno alone.
In the first 3 weeks of April, the IOM Emergency Tracking Tool (ETT) no. 11 reports the arrival of over 6,800 new IDPs in Bama, Dikwa, Damboa,
Kukawa, Ngala and Gowza.
9 May 2017
International Organization of Migration (IOM) Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) Round XV (March, 2017) estimates a total of 1.69 million internally displaced people (IDP) across Adamawa, Borno and Yobe, of which, 84 per cent are in Borno and children represent 56 per cent of the total IDP population and nine per cent are infants under a year old.
by Eromo Egbejule | Thomson Reuters Foundation
Monday, 8 May 2017 10:39 GMT
Thousands of meningitis cases have been reported in northern states since November 2016, in Nigeria's worst outbreak of the disease since 2009
ZAMFARA, Nigeria, May 8 (Thomson Reuters Foundation) - When six-year old Mohammed Waziga arrived at a health centre in northwest Nigeria complaining of joint pains and drowsiness, he was given an injection and sent home without any concerns.
Felix Abrahams Obi, Research Fellow/Research Uptake Officer of the Health Policy Research Group, University of Nigeria
Ejemai Eboreime, PhD fellow in Implementation Science, University of the Witwatersrand