During the period 2014-2016, the country’s health system underwent Ebola Virus Disease outbreak with disruptive effect on health services along with degrading confidence in health services.
Being nearly overwhelmed by the EVD outbreak the responses, healthcare workers could hardly follow-up and implement surveillance, prevention and management activities for other diseases. The failure to give attention to the diseases resulted into increased upsurge of vaccine-preventable diseases outstandingly the measles. As a comparison, in 2014, the country experienced a measles outbreak which affected 25 health districts.
Surveillance of the disease shows that since early 2016, despite interventions (conduct of in-depth investigations and management of cases, response organization in the health Districts, enhanced surveillance, providing health Districts with vaccines and supplies, community awareness in measles), the confirmed cases were continuously reported in several health districts. In 2017, 408 suspected measles cases reported with 122 confirmed. The following prefectures are affected: Nzérékoré, Gueckedou, Matoto, Ratoma, Fria, Dubreka, Kindia, Coyah, Kaloum, Dixinn, Forécariah and Matam. The Prefectures of Siguiri, Labé and Boké are on alert. (IFRC, 24 Feb 2017)
On 25 February, the measles epidemic was been declared in 14 of the 38 health districts in Guinea. 13 districts have been put on alert. (Gov't of Guinea, 25 Feb 2017) Cumulatively, as of 5 March, 296 suspected cases have been reported, of which, 12 were positive, 217 negative, and 10 equivocal. (Gov't of Guinea/WHO, 5 Mar 2017)