Somalia: Measles Outbreak - Dec 2016Ongoing
Since September, 419 measles cases have been officially recorded, 302 of which are children under five. (UNICEF, 13 Dec 2016)
This week IOM...launched a mass public health campaign to contain an ongoing measles outbreak in Kismayo...Through TV and radio, IOM, the Somali government and health partners are disseminating a series of public messages about measles...The six-day campaign is estimated to reach over 2,000 people in the most affected communities, as well as surrounding areas. (IOM, 16 Dec 2016.)
UNICEF and partners are aiming to vaccinate 54,000 children under 10 in Kismayo...There have been over 704 cases of fever and rashes in Kismayo, the majority of them children...Most were not vaccinated against measles although there are 16 free vaccination posts in Kismayo. (UNICEF, 16 Dec 2016.)
Drought conditions have increased the spread of epidemic-prone diseases such as acute watery diarrhoea, cholera and measles. In the first 7 weeks of 2017, over 6000 cases and 65 deaths by acute watery diarrhoea/ cholera have been reported, and a total of 2578 cases of suspected measles were reported as of September 2016. (WHO, 27 Feb 2017)
Cases of suspected measles continue to rise across Somalia. A total of 7,694 cases have been reported nationwide, far exceeding the 5, 657 total cases recorded for all last year. The need for non-essential life-saving health services have increased and more affected areas are in dire need of urgent assistance. (OCHA, 16 May 2017)
• Drought hasled to increased displacement of people in Somalia. In February 2017 alone, UNHCR estimates that up to 121,000 people were displaced.
• There is a sharp increase in the number of Acute Water Diarrhoea (AWD/cholera) cases. From January to March, 875 AWD cases and 78 deaths were recorded in Puntland, Somaliland and Jubaland.
Total people in need: 6.2 million
Total children (<18) in need: 3.7 million
Total people to be reached in 2017: 5.5 million
Total children to be reached in 2017: 1.7 million
2017 revised programme targets
- 277,000 children aged 6 to 59 months affected by SAM admitted for treatment - 75 per cent of children with SAM who received treatment and recovered
340,000 children under 5 vaccinated against measles
UNICEF has revised its humanitarian strategy for 2017 to focus on immediate life-saving measures needed to advert famine. UNICEF has revised its Humanitarian Action for Children (HAC) requirements for Somalia from US$66.1 million to US$147.9 million to meet the increased humanitarian needs of children due to the rapidly deteriorating drought situation which is now affecting most of the country.
The Government of Somalia, in collaboration with WHO and UNICEF, launched the first Oral Cholera Vaccination (OCV) campaign on 15th March, targeting over 450 000 people in seven high-risk areas around the country.
During the week-ending 12 March, there was a sharp rise in the number of Acute Watery Diarrhoea (AWD)/Cholera cases to 3,126 cases and 71 deaths from 1,839 cases and 48 deaths during the week-ending 5th March.
Should the 2017 Gu season perform very poorly, and humanitarian assistance not reach populations affected by drought, there is a risk of famine (IPC Phase 5) unfolding in the second half of 2017. As the situation continues to deteriorate, malnutrition is expected to increase with more than 200,000 children expected to become severely malnourished.
(Nairobi, 3 March 2017) – On a visit to one of the driest areas in northern Kenya today, Under-Secretary-General for Humanitarian Affairs and Emergency Relief Coordinator, Stephen O’Brien, saw the devastating impact of drought on rural communities and called for international support for communities affected by conflict and drought in Kenya and the Horn of Africa.
The third consecutive year of drought in the Horn of Africa is causing thirst and hunger, decimating livestock, destroying livelihoods, spreading disease and triggering large scale population movements.
Somalia - In order to meet the emergency needs of over a million Somalis affected by drought, IOM in Somalia is scaling up lifesaving interventions throughout the country and appealing to international donors for funding.
Humanitarian agencies report worrying similarities to the 2011 famine in Somalia, in which over a quarter of a million people lost their lives.
Cairo, 27 February 2017 – The World Health Organization (WHO) is scaling up its response in Somalia to provide critical health services for 1.5 million people currently affected by severe drought conditions and a worsening food crisis. However, the Organization urgently requires US$ 10 million as part of the United Nations appeal for the first 6 months of 2017.
Due to worsening drought conditions, Acute Watery Diarrhoea/Cholera cases continue to spread to various parts of Somalia, particularly Lower Shabelle, Bay and Puntland. Most of the districts reporting cholera cases are along the Shebelle River where there is severe water shortage caused by drying up of the river.
During the reporting period, 913 suspected AWD/ Cholera cases and 10 deaths (Case Fatality Rate of 1.1 percent) were recorded from 38 districts across eight regions.
Between malnutrition and death, there is disease
23 February 2017 -- Somalia is on the brink of famine. An immediate scale-up of the drought response is required to prevent the worst-case scenario.
This report has been developed collectively with humanitarian partners in the region to inform preparedness and advocacy efforts to mitigate and manage humanitarian risk in the Horn of Africa and Great Lakes region*. It presents a three-month trend analysis from October to December 2016 and a humanitarian outlook from January to March 2017. It is the sixth report in the series and updates the previous scenario report which was published in October 2016.
Regional Trends: October-December 2016
Worldwide, humanitarian needs are rising, driven by conflicts that know no end, and chronic natural disasters whose effects last for years. Today more than 128 million people in 33 countries need humanitarian aid to survive — a figure not seen since the Second World War. “With this staggering level of need, now more than ever, world leaders need to step up their support to the world’s most vulnerable people,” says the UN’s Humanitarian Chief, Stephen O’Brien.
• The humanitarian situation in Somalia continues to deteriorate with 6.2 million people in need of assistance, representing more than half of the population, and a sharp increase of the population in need (5 million six months ago). This includes 2.9 million people in crisis and emergency (IPC Phase 3 and 4). Similarly, 363,000 children under-5 are acutely malnourished (up from 320,000 in August 2016), including 71,000 severely so (up from 50,000) and in need of urgent life-saving assistance.