Somalia: Measles Outbreak - Dec 2016Ongoing
Since September, 419 measles cases have been officially recorded, 302 of which are children under five. (UNICEF, 13 Dec 2016)
This week IOM...launched a mass public health campaign to contain an ongoing measles outbreak in Kismayo...Through TV and radio, IOM, the Somali government and health partners are disseminating a series of public messages about measles...The six-day campaign is estimated to reach over 2,000 people in the most affected communities, as well as surrounding areas. (IOM, 16 Dec 2016.)
UNICEF and partners are aiming to vaccinate 54,000 children under 10 in Kismayo...There have been over 704 cases of fever and rashes in Kismayo, the majority of them children...Most were not vaccinated against measles although there are 16 free vaccination posts in Kismayo. (UNICEF, 16 Dec 2016.)
Drought conditions have increased the spread of epidemic-prone diseases such as acute watery diarrhoea, cholera and measles. In the first 7 weeks of 2017, over 6000 cases and 65 deaths by acute watery diarrhoea/ cholera have been reported, and a total of 2578 cases of suspected measles were reported as of September 2016. (WHO, 27 Feb 2017)
Cases of suspected measles continue to rise across Somalia. A total of 7,694 cases have been reported nationwide, far exceeding the 5, 657 total cases recorded for all last year. The need for non-essential life-saving health services have increased and more affected areas are in dire need of urgent assistance. (OCHA, 16 May 2017)
Rainfall Outlook: April - June 2017
Baidoa, 24 April 2017 - Somalia today launched a measles immunization campaign that seeks to vaccinate 110,000 children under the age of five against the deadly disease in the southern and central regions of the country.
The campaign is being conducted by the federal ministry of health with support from the World Health Organization (WHO), the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) and other humanitarian partners. It will also provide vitamin A supplements and de-worming tablets to children who have been severely affected by Somalia’s devastating drought.
UNICEF and partners conduct lifesaving vaccination campaign
BAIDOA, Somalia, 25 April 2017 – Almost 30,000 young children, many of them displaced by a searing drought, are being vaccinated against measles this week in an emergency campaign in Baidoa, a town at the heart of one of Somalia’s hardest-hit areas.
Many of the children have never been immunized before – they come from remote areas health workers often cannot reach because of a decades-old conflict that has ravaged the impoverished country in the Horn of Africa.
The humanitarian situation continues to deteriorate and the possibility of famine in 2017 persists. There is also a possibility of El Nino occurring towards the end of the year.
Rains have started in Somaliland, western parts of Puntland, Bari and Nugaal regions, while Lower Juba, Lower Shabelle and the coastal areas of Galgaduud and Mudug have remained dry.
The ECDC Communicable Disease Threats Report (CDTR) is a weekly bulletin for epidemiologists and health professionals on active public health threats. This issue covers the period 16-22 April 2017 and includes updates on influenza, cholera, poliomyelitis, measles, legionnaires' disease and yellow fever.
Operation Golden arrow in Yemen, led by President Hadi’s forces supported by the Saudi-led coalition, is continuing along the western coast. The city al Hudaydah is the next strategic target.
Increased conflict in the area is likely to disrupt the flow of food and aid from the critical port, increasing the risk of the country falling into famine.
Additionally, an estimated 200,000 - 500,000 people could be displaced or secondarily displaced from the area which hosts a significant number of IDPs.
18 April 2017 – Millions of people are facing the peril of famine in Somalia and South Sudan, and the situation is expected to worsen as the drought and violence fuelling the crises widen, cautioned senior United Nations officials who have just returned from the area.
Speaking to journalists in New York, John Ging, from the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA), said that situation in Somalia was “very fast moving” with more than 6.2 million people in need of food and water, and at risk for cholera and measles.
Humanitarian partners involved in efforts to address the current drought crisis in Somalia, held a meeting Tuesday to discuss ways of strengthening partnerships to better deliver assistance to affected communities.
The roundtable meeting organised by the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation (OIC). the Humanitarian Forum and the Muslim Charities Forum, focused on the prevention of famine in Somalia which threatens to affect millions of vulnerable people.
• The humanitarian situation continues to deteriorate and the possibility of famine in 2017 persists. While the Gu rains have started in parts of Somalia, much of the damage to crops and livestock has already been done and the humanitarian situation is expected to continue to deteriorate through June.
The ongoing drought and its consequences such as water shortages, food insecurity and malnutrition are fueling the rapid spread of the AWD/ Cholera outbreak. 22,296 suspected AWD/Cholera cases and 492 deaths were recorded from 48 districts across 13 regions since January 2017. Cases recorded in the last 13 weeks are significantly higher when compared to 15,619 cases reported in the whole of last year.
WHO, UNICEF and Ministry of Health (MoH) deployed 15 emergency technical teams to support the AWD/Cholera response in Bay and Bakool regions.
Rainfall performance: March 2017
Around 536,000 people have been displaced in Somalia due to drought since November 2016. Around 70,000 have arrived in Baidoa and around 72,000 in Mogadishu in March alone, in search of food and water.
More than 20,000 cases of acute watery diarrhoea (AWD)/cholera have been reported as of end March. This is 8 times higher than the number of cases reported at the same time last year (2,500 cases). In total, UNICEF is directly supporting 47 cholera treatment facilities across Somalia and has treated more than 15,000 AWD/cholera cases.
During the reporting period, UNICEF has scaled-up its WASH response and together with partners is now providing 940,000 people affected by drought with temporary access to safe water.
Rainfall forecast (mm)
Rainfall performance: Between March 1 and 10, Djibouti, Somalia, central and eastern Ethiopia, and northeastern and eastern Kenya recorded less than 6 millimetres of rainfall. Less than 75 per cent of the long term average rainfall was observed over much of Ethiopia and Kenya, in parts of Uganda, and in southwestern Somalia. However moderately wet conditions prevailed in northeastern Ethiopia and northern Somalia during March due to rainfall at 125 per cent levels compared to the long term average.