Somalia: Measles Outbreak - Dec 2016Ongoing
Since September, 419 measles cases have been officially recorded, 302 of which are children under five. (UNICEF, 13 Dec 2016)
This week IOM...launched a mass public health campaign to contain an ongoing measles outbreak in Kismayo...Through TV and radio, IOM, the Somali government and health partners are disseminating a series of public messages about measles...The six-day campaign is estimated to reach over 2,000 people in the most affected communities, as well as surrounding areas. (IOM, 16 Dec 2016.)
UNICEF and partners are aiming to vaccinate 54,000 children under 10 in Kismayo...There have been over 704 cases of fever and rashes in Kismayo, the majority of them children...Most were not vaccinated against measles although there are 16 free vaccination posts in Kismayo. (UNICEF, 16 Dec 2016.)
Drought conditions have increased the spread of epidemic-prone diseases such as acute watery diarrhoea, cholera and measles. In the first 7 weeks of 2017, over 6000 cases and 65 deaths by acute watery diarrhoea/ cholera have been reported, and a total of 2578 cases of suspected measles were reported as of September 2016. (WHO, 27 Feb 2017)
Cases of suspected measles continue to rise across Somalia. A total of 7,694 cases have been reported nationwide, far exceeding the 5, 657 total cases recorded for all last year. The need for non-essential life-saving health services have increased and more affected areas are in dire need of urgent assistance. (OCHA, 16 May 2017)
In East Africa, DEC aid agencies are working around the clock to respond to the deepening crisis caused by ongoing conflict and drought. While lives are being saved, the number of those in need of humanitarian assistance is increasing due the severity of the crisis – from 22 million people across South Sudan, Somalia, Kenya and Ethiopia three months ago when the DEC appeal launched to 23 million today.
• Out of 37,096 children under 5 years screened for acute malnutrition in nine counties in the month of May 2017, 7% were identified as severely malnourished and 25.4% as moderately malnourished with all referred and admitted for treatment.
• Between January and May 2017, a total of 42,579 children have been admitted for treatment of severe acute malnutrition in ASAL, urban and refugees, reaching 51% of UNICEF’s 2017 target.
Malnutrition and paediatric treatment underway in Galkayo North
Nearly four years after withdrawing its teams from Somalia, MSF has started treating patients again in the country. Teams are providing support to Mudug Regional Hospital, Galkayo North, in Somalia’s Puntland region, in collaboration with the Ministry of Health.
The ECDC Communicable Disease Threats Report (CDTR) is a weekly bulletin for epidemiologists and health professionals on active public health threats. This issue covers the period 18 June - 24 June 2017 and includes updates on measles, rubella, Ebola virus disease, influenza A(H7N9), Legionnaires' disease, poliomyelitis and West Nile fever.
Continued humanitarian action crucial in saving children’s lives
• More than 10,000 measles cases have been reported in Somalia since the start of the year. In response, UNICEF and partners have vaccinated 596,328 children 6-59 months across the country and a supplementary national measles immunisation campaign is planned for November, targeting 4.2 million children 6 months to 10 years.
• Rainfall totals were more than 30 per cent below average across large areas of Somalia, and more than 50 per cent below average in the worst-affected areas, according to the Global Food Security alert issued by FEWSNET on 21 June.
• A total of 3.51 million people have been reached with temporary or permanent access to safe water since the beginning of the year. This represents 75 per cent of the 4.5 million people targeted for access to safe water.
Somalia: The significant reduction of rainfall across Somalia in the first week of June marks a possible end to the Gu rainy season. The reduction of rainfall within the Juba and Shabelle River basins in Ethiopia and Somalia has led to decreasing river levels which are expected to stabilize in the coming week.
Despite improved delivery of emergency humanitarian assistance in many parts of Somalia, the food security situation and nutrition continue to deteriorate rapidly. A combination of severe food insecurity, high acute malnutrition, and high disease burden continues to plague millions. (FSNAU/ FEWS NET, 29th May 2017).
An elevated risk of famine persists in parts of Somalia due to severe food consumption gaps, high acute malnutrition and disease burden. Over 6.7 million people are in need of humanitarian assistance; more than 700,000 have been displaced since November 2016 and diseases such as AWD/cholera and measles continue to spread.
282 UN agencies and NGOs implementing activities in Somalia
According to the FAO-managed Somalia Water and Land Information Management (SWALIM), the significant reduction of rainfall across Somalia during the week starting 4 June is a possible indicator of the end of the Gu rainy season.
New AWD/Cholera cases continued to be reported in Wadajir district, Banadir region, Luuq in Gedo region, Dhuusamarreeb in Galgadud region, Baidoa in Bay region and Buhodle Ayn in Puntland. Overall, some 51,036 AWD/cholera cases and 782 related deaths have been reported in 2017.
This report is produced by OCHA Somalia in collaboration with humanitarian partners. It covers the period from 31 May to 5 June 2017.
Localized average to above-average rainfall has been received in parts of northern and central regions of Somalia, resulting in improved pasture and water resources in these areas, according to the Famine Early Warning System Network (FEWSNET) Seasonal Monitor for Somalia issued on 3 June.
Kenya - The East and Horn of Africa is experiencing the worst drought the region has seen in decades. Since 2016, repeated failed rains have led to severe food insecurity and to increasing numbers of internal and cross border displacement.
• Prices of basic food commodities have soared with overall inflation for the month of May 2017 reaching a five-year high of 11.7 per cent1 adversely affecting the purchasing power of drought affected population.
• During the first half of May, 7,200 children under 5 years of age were screened for acute malnutrition in six counties (Baringo, Marsabit,
Samburu, Turkana, West Pokot and Kajiado). Of those screened 7.6% were identified as severely malnourished and 20.8% as moderately malnourished with all referred and admitted for treatment.
The Gu rains started later than normal and have so far been below average in all areas, except in the northeast where rains have been near average, according to FAO-SWALIM. An elevated risk of famine persists in some parts of the country. Major disease outbreaks and drought driven displacement continue.
Humanitarians are scaling up famine prevention activities, reaching millions of people with life-saving assistance.