Somalia: Measles Outbreak - Dec 2016Ongoing
Since September, 419 measles cases have been officially recorded, 302 of which are children under five. (UNICEF, 13 Dec 2016)
This week IOM...launched a mass public health campaign to contain an ongoing measles outbreak in Kismayo...Through TV and radio, IOM, the Somali government and health partners are disseminating a series of public messages about measles...The six-day campaign is estimated to reach over 2,000 people in the most affected communities, as well as surrounding areas. (IOM, 16 Dec 2016.)
UNICEF and partners are aiming to vaccinate 54,000 children under 10 in Kismayo...There have been over 704 cases of fever and rashes in Kismayo, the majority of them children...Most were not vaccinated against measles although there are 16 free vaccination posts in Kismayo. (UNICEF, 16 Dec 2016.)
Drought conditions have increased the spread of epidemic-prone diseases such as acute watery diarrhoea, cholera and measles. In the first 7 weeks of 2017, over 6000 cases and 65 deaths by acute watery diarrhoea/ cholera have been reported, and a total of 2578 cases of suspected measles were reported as of September 2016. (WHO, 27 Feb 2017)
Cases of suspected measles continue to rise across Somalia. A total of 7,694 cases have been reported nationwide, far exceeding the 5, 657 total cases recorded for all last year. The need for non-essential life-saving health services have increased and more affected areas are in dire need of urgent assistance. (OCHA, 16 May 2017)
WASHINGTON D.C., 18 July 2017 – This is a summary of a prepared statement by Justin Forsyth, UNICEF Deputy Executive Director – to whom quoted text may be attributed – today to the Senate Foreign Relations Subcommittee on Multilateral International Development, Multilateral Institutional Economic, Energy and Environmental Policy.
The statement came as UNICEF released its annual Humanitarian Action Study, highlighting UNICEF’s global response in 2016. Last year, UNICEF responded to 344 humanitarian situations in 108 countries, more than ever before.
In Somalia there are unfavourable prospects for this year's main Gu crops, after the Gu rains were late and poorly distributed over most areas of the country. In the Lower Shabelle region, the main maize producing area, seasonal rainfall was about 50 per cent belowaverage with drought conditions currently affecting up to 85 per cent of the cropland.
The drought impact is particularly severe in Isiolo and parts of Wajir (West and South), Turkana and Tana River counties.
Nutrition surveys undertaken in June 2017 in Turkana indicate a deepening nutritional crisis compared to 5 months ago, with 3 of the 4 sub counties reporting acute malnutrition of greater than 30% and severe acute malnutrition ranging from 6-12%.
World Bank Group Senior Vice President Mahmoud Mohieldin writes about the New Way of Working and collaboration with UN agencies and International Organizations to help bridge the humanitarian-development nexus.*
Due to drought conditions and conflict, more than 20 million people in in Somalia, Northeast Nigeria, South Sudan and Yemen are at risk of starvation and famine, which is the world’s largest humanitarian crisis since 1945.
To help people living in some of the world’s most dire emergency situations, WHO relies on funding from Member States. In 2017, WHO has asked for US$ 547 million to deliver health services to more than 66 million people in 28 countries. However, to date, WHO has received less than a quarter of the funds required. Without a significant increase in funding, the health of millions of people will be neglected and many will die needlessly.
Worsening situation for children: The humanitarian situation in Somalia continues to deteriorate with an estimated 4 million children in urgent need of assistance (UNICEF, June 2017). A recent assessment from FSNAU-FEWSNET indicates an elevated risk of famine due to a combination of severe food insecurity, high acute malnutrition and high disease burden (FSNAU/ FEWS NET, 29th May 2017).
Number of Affected Expected to Grow: Below-average seasonal rains and a fall armyworm invasion have raised concern about a likely increase in the number of people in need. Currently, 25.5 million people are in need of humanitarian assistance. However, with low rainfalls and the destruction of crops due to fall armyworm, harvest are likely to be low and the number of people who are food insecure is expected to grow.
Gender Based Violence cases continue to increase with close to a 50 per cent rise in the reported cases when compared to the previous reporting period.
Woman and girls remain the most vulnerable to gender-based violence as they represent 88.6 per of new GBV cases registered by the end of June. The trend requires more robust preventive as well as response interventions in IDP sites which is where the majority of cases are reported from.
Prolonged drought drives a food security Emergency in Somalia and southeastern Ethiopia
I. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
An elevated risk of famine persists in Somalia due to severe food consumption gaps, high acute malnutrition and high disease burden. The Gu rains (April-June) provided relief in some areas, but the rainy season was shorter than normal and generally poor, including in areas with high levels of vulnerability such as Bakool and northern Bay regions. Over 760,000 have been displaced due to drought since November 2016. More than 3 million people are being reached each month with humanitarian assistance and protection.
For UNICEF Somalia, 2016 was a year where we succeeded in making important progress for children’s rights despite significant challenges.
During the year, the Federal Government of Somalia adopted the country’s first National Development Plan in 30 years. UNICEF ensured that it included child-focused data and a multi-sectoral nutritional approach coherent with the Scaling Up Nutrition Movement. Additionally, we emphasized social protection and resilience as key elements supporting improved access to basic services.
• Poor Gu rainfall performance likely to impact July harvest
• Nutrition situation remains worrisome
• Humanitarians engage authorities to ease access impediments
# of people in humanitarian emergency and crisis 3.2m
# of people in food security stress 3.5m
# of acutely 363,000 malnourished children under age 5
Source : www.fsnau.org (February 2017)
# of internally displaced people before November 2016 1.1m
This report is produced by OCHA Somalia in collaboration with humanitarian partners. It covers the period from 20 to 27 June 2017.
• Drought conditions are deepening as a result of poor Gu rains and are now expected to continue until the coming Deyr season in October. According to the Gu 2017 Rainfall Performance report issued by the FAO-led Somalia Water and Land Information Management (SWALIM), the much-anticipated Gu rainy season was generally poor and considerably below normal, across the country.
Somalia: An estimated 761,000 Somalis have been internally displaced by drought between November 2016 and 23 June 2017. More than 22,000 displacements were recorded between 1 and 23 June, of whom 13,500 individuals arrived in Baidoa town from remote villages in Berdaale, Dinsoor and Qansahdhere districts in Bay region and Rabdhuure district in Bakool. The cities of Baidoa (174,280) and Mogadishu (161,100) host 44% of these displaced people.