Somalia: Measles Outbreak - Dec 2016Ongoing
Since September, 419 measles cases have been officially recorded, 302 of which are children under five. (UNICEF, 13 Dec 2016)
This week IOM...launched a mass public health campaign to contain an ongoing measles outbreak in Kismayo...Through TV and radio, IOM, the Somali government and health partners are disseminating a series of public messages about measles...The six-day campaign is estimated to reach over 2,000 people in the most affected communities, as well as surrounding areas. (IOM, 16 Dec 2016.)
UNICEF and partners are aiming to vaccinate 54,000 children under 10 in Kismayo...There have been over 704 cases of fever and rashes in Kismayo, the majority of them children...Most were not vaccinated against measles although there are 16 free vaccination posts in Kismayo. (UNICEF, 16 Dec 2016.)
Drought conditions have increased the spread of epidemic-prone diseases such as acute watery diarrhoea, cholera and measles. In the first 7 weeks of 2017, over 6000 cases and 65 deaths by acute watery diarrhoea/ cholera have been reported, and a total of 2578 cases of suspected measles were reported as of September 2016. (WHO, 27 Feb 2017)
Cases of suspected measles continue to rise across Somalia. A total of 7,694 cases have been reported nationwide, far exceeding the 5, 657 total cases recorded for all last year. The need for non-essential life-saving health services have increased and more affected areas are in dire need of urgent assistance. (OCHA, 16 May 2017)
1. HUMANITARIAN SITUATION OVERVIEW
WHO urgently requires US$ 6.8 million to scale up its response activities in Somalia and conduct a measles immunization campaign for 4.2 million children in November 2017
16 August 2017 – As millions of people in Somalia remain trapped in a devastating cycle of hunger and disease, WHO and health partners are working with national health authorities to save lives and reach the most vulnerable with essential health services.
Since January 2017, UNICEF and partners have provided lifesaving therapeutic treatment to 129,602 severely malnourished children. This represents 105 percent of the children reached in 2016. The number of admissions in the hotspot areas of Bay, Bakool, Galgadud, Mudug and the Shabelle regions account for 37 percent of all children reached to date.
The number of severely food insecure people in Kenya, Somalia and Ethiopia has increased to 14.3 million, following the publication of new data on the situation in Kenya.
The preliminary results of the Long Rains Assessment (LRA) released by the Government of Kenya on 28 July reported that 3.4 million people are food insecure and in need of assistance. This is the highest number of people reported to be in crisis since the same time in 2011, when the number in need was estimated to be 3.7 million.
4 million children in need of humanitarian assistance: Despite large scale humanitarian assistance, there is still an elevated risk of famine in some parts of the country due to severe food insecurity, high acute malnutrition as a result of failure of successive rain seasons and disease outbreaks. The humanitarian situation continues to deteriorate with 6.7 million people still in need of protection and humanitarian assistance.
Critical humanitarian needs to persist to end of 2017.
Early preparedness for a possible El Nino underway.
Severe acute malnutrition (SAM) prevalence spike in IDP settlements.
AWD/cholera cases and related deaths decline, but pockets of concern remain.
Drought-induced displacements on the increase.
More funding required to sustain humanitarian response until end of 2017.
• Further deterioration of the food security and nutrition situation is anticipated, elevating the risk of famine in parts of Somalia. The scale of drought-induced internal displacement is putting further pressure on available resources and contributing to infectious disease outbreaks. Since the start of the year, 71,663 cases of acute watery diarrhoea (AWD)/cholera and 13,428 measles cases have been reported in the country.
25 July 2017 - Somalia is experiencing its worst outbreak of measles in 4 years. Drought and a real threat of famine, coupled with low vaccination rates, have left millions of children in Somalia weak, hungry, and particularly susceptible to contracting measles and other life-threatening diseases. Almost 14 000 suspected cases of measles have been reported this year alone (as of 23 July) compared to between 5 000 to 10 000 total cases per year since 2014. More than 80% of all those affected by the current outbreak are children below the age of 10 years.
This report is produced by OCHA Somalia in collaboration with humanitarian partners. It covers the period from 5 to 24 July 2017.
During June, 11,228 cases of AWD/cholera were reported from 45 districts in 15 regions, a decrease from 13,656 cases reported in May. Across these same geographical areas, deaths have decreased from 77 in May to 68 deaths in June. Cumulative cases of cholera since January 2017 in these 45 districts are now recorded as 56,628.
WASHINGTON D.C., 18 July 2017 – This is a summary of a prepared statement by Justin Forsyth, UNICEF Deputy Executive Director – to whom quoted text may be attributed – today to the Senate Foreign Relations Subcommittee on Multilateral International Development, Multilateral Institutional Economic, Energy and Environmental Policy.
The statement came as UNICEF released its annual Humanitarian Action Study, highlighting UNICEF’s global response in 2016. Last year, UNICEF responded to 344 humanitarian situations in 108 countries, more than ever before.
In Somalia there are unfavourable prospects for this year's main Gu crops, after the Gu rains were late and poorly distributed over most areas of the country. In the Lower Shabelle region, the main maize producing area, seasonal rainfall was about 50 per cent belowaverage with drought conditions currently affecting up to 85 per cent of the cropland.
The drought impact is particularly severe in Isiolo and parts of Wajir (West and South), Turkana and Tana River counties.
Nutrition surveys undertaken in June 2017 in Turkana indicate a deepening nutritional crisis compared to 5 months ago, with 3 of the 4 sub counties reporting acute malnutrition of greater than 30% and severe acute malnutrition ranging from 6-12%.
World Bank Group Senior Vice President Mahmoud Mohieldin writes about the New Way of Working and collaboration with UN agencies and International Organizations to help bridge the humanitarian-development nexus.*
Due to drought conditions and conflict, more than 20 million people in in Somalia, Northeast Nigeria, South Sudan and Yemen are at risk of starvation and famine, which is the world’s largest humanitarian crisis since 1945.