Since September, 419 measles cases have been officially recorded, 302 of which are children under five. (UNICEF, 13 Dec 2016)
This week IOM...launched a mass public health campaign to contain an ongoing measles outbreak in Kismayo...Through TV and radio, IOM, the Somali government and health partners are disseminating a series of public messages about measles...The six-day campaign is estimated to reach over 2,000 people in the most affected communities, as well as surrounding areas. (IOM, 16 Dec 2016.)
UNICEF and partners are aiming to vaccinate 54,000 children under 10 in Kismayo...There have been over 704 cases of fever and rashes in Kismayo, the majority of them children...Most were not vaccinated against measles although there are 16 free vaccination posts in Kismayo. (UNICEF, 16 Dec 2016.)
Drought conditions have increased the spread of epidemic-prone diseases such as acute watery diarrhoea, cholera and measles. In the first 7 weeks of 2017, over 6000 cases and 65 deaths by acute watery diarrhoea/ cholera have been reported, and a total of 2578 cases of suspected measles were reported as of September 2016. (WHO, 27 Feb 2017)
Cases of suspected measles continue to rise across Somalia. A total of 7,694 cases have been reported nationwide, far exceeding the 5, 657 total cases recorded for all last year. The need for non-essential life-saving health services have increased and more affected areas are in dire need of urgent assistance. (OCHA, 16 May 2017)
FAO Somalia Water and Land Information Management (SWALIM) reports that heavy rainfall and flooding along the middle and lower reaches of Shabelle River have destroyed crop land and houses, resulting in the displacement of some households in Mahaday Jowhar and Cali Fool Dheere districts.
Somali region is disproportionately affected by the current acute watery diarrhea (AWD) outbreak, accounting for about 91 per cent of the cases reported in Ethiopia since the beginning of the year.
UNICEF support has enabled 794,150 people to access safe water. This includes 149,150 people in Oromia, Southern Nations, Nationalities and Peoples (SNNP) and Tigray regions, reached during the reporting period, through construction of new water supply schemes, rehabilitation of non-functional water systems and expansion works.
Six per cent of the 42,017 children screened during the reporting period were identified as severely malnourished and over 29.4 per cent as moderately malnourished, in Turkana, Marsabit, Wajir, Isiolo, Kilifi and Laikipia counties.
From January to April, a total of 23,700 children with SAM and 51,537 children with MAM have been admitted for life-saving nutrition treatment.
An estimated four million children are in urgent need of humanitarian assistance in Somalia. Despite the large scale humanitarian assistance delivered, the FSNAU-FEWSNET post Jilal assessment indicates an elevated risk of famine (IPC 5) due to a combination of severe food insecurity, high acute malnutrition, and high disease burden. The number of people in need has increased to 6.7 million, including 3.2 million people in crisis.
21 May 2017 – The World Health Organization with the Federal Government of Somalia and UNICEF launched a preventative measles vaccination campaign yesterday targeting 125 000 children aged 6 to 59 months from communities of internally displaced persons (IDPs) in Banadir and Afgoye.
The campaign was launched by the Deputy Mayor of Mogadishu, Director-General for Federal Ministry of Health and other government officials, in attendance with officials from WHO and UNICEF at the Banadir region meeting hall.
SITUATION IN NUMBERS
7,400 Children with measles in drought affected areas of Ethiopia, Kenya and Somalia (Source: WHO and UNICEF Ethiopia, Kenya and Somalia)
3.4 million Children (under five years) at high risk of measles in drought affected areas of Ethiopia, Kenya and Somalia (Source: UNICEF Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia)
2,691 AWD/Cholera cases and 22 deaths were reported from 44 districts in 15 regions during the week ending 7th May.
WHO Representative for Somalia Dr Ghulam Popal and Somalia’s Minister of Health and Social Services H.E. Dr Fawziya Abikar conducted a visit to Baidoa to assess the AWD/Cholera situation and outbreak response in South West State.
Health, WASH and Nutrition clusters, in collaboration with Federal and State Ministries of Health (FMoH), developed operational guidelines for 34 Integrated Emergency Response Teams.
The humanitarian situation continues to deteriorate and the estimated number of people in need of humanitarian assistance has now increased to 6.7 million people — more than half the population of the country, according to the latest projections by the FAO-managed Food Security and Nutrition Analysis Unit.
Some 683,000 people have been displaced due to drought in Somalia since November 2016.
The late onset of seasonal rains (March-May) has affected central, northwestern and southeastern Kenya, Uganda’s Karamoja region, and southern and central Somalia.
Flash floods are ongoing in Somalia’s Bari, Madung and Bay regions. FAO SWALIM expects increased water levels in the Juba and Shabelle river basins.
In Kenya , torrential rains have caused floods and landslides in Kwale, Mombasa, Taita Taveta and Garissa counties, including in Dadaab camp.
The ECDC Communicable Disease Threats Report (CDTR) is a weekly bulletin for epidemiologists and health professionals on active public health threats. This issue covers the period 7 May - 13 May 2017 and includes updates on influenza, measles, hepatitis A, cholera, type E botulism, yellow fever and Legionnaires' disease.
• March to May seasonal rains remain depressed and access to water for human and livestock consumption is extremely limited in pastoral areas in North West and North Eastern parts of Kenya.
• To date, 71,458 people including 5,580 school children have benefitted from the repair of 39 water points in Turkana and Garissa Counties.
• Five confirmed measles cases and 55 cholera cases have been reported from Dadaab Refugee Complex during the reporting period.
11 MAY 2017 | GENEVA - WHO is concerned by the chronic shortage of funding for life-saving work in Somalia in response to the ongoing drought that has plunged the country further towards famine, disease, and health insecurity. Drought in Somalia led to the destruction of crops and livestock, leaving more than 3.3 million people hungry every day. If the current situation continues, famine could soon be a reality, creating a devastating cycle of hunger and disease as the health of people deteriorates and they become more susceptible to infection.
5.5 million people lacking access to basic healthcare services
2.9 million people living in ‘Emergency’ or ‘Crisis’ phase
3.3 million people affected by severe drought and food insecurity
363,000 children acutely malnourished
36,066 cholera cases in 2017
6,500 measles cases in 2017
Mogadishu, 10 May 2017: On the eve of the London Somalia Conference, United Nations Secretary-General António Guterres called today for further scale-up of the humanitarian response in Somalia and strengthening of the partnership between the international community, the Federal Government of Somalia and humanitarian partners to avert famine.