Since September, 419 measles cases have been officially recorded, 302 of which are children under five. (UNICEF, 13 Dec 2016)
This week IOM...launched a mass public health campaign to contain an ongoing measles outbreak in Kismayo...Through TV and radio, IOM, the Somali government and health partners are disseminating a series of public messages about measles...The six-day campaign is estimated to reach over 2,000 people in the most affected communities, as well as surrounding areas. (IOM, 16 Dec 2016.)
UNICEF and partners are aiming to vaccinate 54,000 children under 10 in Kismayo...There have been over 704 cases of fever and rashes in Kismayo, the majority of them children...Most were not vaccinated against measles although there are 16 free vaccination posts in Kismayo. (UNICEF, 16 Dec 2016.)
Drought conditions have increased the spread of epidemic-prone diseases such as acute watery diarrhoea, cholera and measles. In the first 7 weeks of 2017, over 6000 cases and 65 deaths by acute watery diarrhoea/ cholera have been reported, and a total of 2578 cases of suspected measles were reported as of September 2016. (WHO, 27 Feb 2017)
• The humanitarian situation continues to deteriorate and the possibility of famine in 2017 persists. While the Gu rains have started in parts of Somalia, much of the damage to crops, and livestock has already been done and the humanitarian situation is expected to continue to deteriorate through June. During the April-June Gu planting season, Somalia usually produces most of its food, around 60% of annual cereal output. There is also a possibility of El Nino occurring towards the end of the year.
The ECDC Communicable Disease Threats Report (CDTR) is a weekly bulletin for epidemiologists and health professionals on active public health threats. This issue covers the period 16-22 April 2017 and includes updates on influenza, cholera, poliomyelitis, measles, legionnaires' disease and yellow fever.
Operation Golden arrow in Yemen, led by President Hadi’s forces supported by the Saudi-led coalition, is continuing along the western coast. The city al Hudaydah is the next strategic target.
Increased conflict in the area is likely to disrupt the flow of food and aid from the critical port, increasing the risk of the country falling into famine.
Additionally, an estimated 200,000 - 500,000 people could be displaced or secondarily displaced from the area which hosts a significant number of IDPs.
18 April 2017 – Millions of people are facing the peril of famine in Somalia and South Sudan, and the situation is expected to worsen as the drought and violence fuelling the crises widen, cautioned senior United Nations officials who have just returned from the area.
Speaking to journalists in New York, John Ging, from the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA), said that situation in Somalia was “very fast moving” with more than 6.2 million people in need of food and water, and at risk for cholera and measles.
Humanitarian partners involved in efforts to address the current drought crisis in Somalia, held a meeting Tuesday to discuss ways of strengthening partnerships to better deliver assistance to affected communities.
The roundtable meeting organised by the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation (OIC). the Humanitarian Forum and the Muslim Charities Forum, focused on the prevention of famine in Somalia which threatens to affect millions of vulnerable people.
• The humanitarian situation continues to deteriorate and the possibility of famine in 2017 persists. While the Gu rains have started in parts of Somalia, much of the damage to crops and livestock has already been done and the humanitarian situation is expected to continue to deteriorate through June.
The ongoing drought and its consequences such as water shortages, food insecurity and malnutrition are fueling the rapid spread of the AWD/ Cholera outbreak. 22,296 suspected AWD/Cholera cases and 492 deaths were recorded from 48 districts across 13 regions since January 2017. Cases recorded in the last 13 weeks are significantly higher when compared to 15,619 cases reported in the whole of last year.
WHO, UNICEF and Ministry of Health (MoH) deployed 15 emergency technical teams to support the AWD/Cholera response in Bay and Bakool regions.
Rainfall performance: March 2017
Around 536,000 people have been displaced in Somalia due to drought since November 2016. Around 70,000 have arrived in Baidoa and around 72,000 in Mogadishu in March alone, in search of food and water.
More than 20,000 cases of acute watery diarrhoea (AWD)/cholera have been reported as of end March. This is 8 times higher than the number of cases reported at the same time last year (2,500 cases). In total, UNICEF is directly supporting 47 cholera treatment facilities across Somalia and has treated more than 15,000 AWD/cholera cases.
During the reporting period, UNICEF has scaled-up its WASH response and together with partners is now providing 940,000 people affected by drought with temporary access to safe water.
Rainfall forecast (mm)
Rainfall performance: Between March 1 and 10, Djibouti, Somalia, central and eastern Ethiopia, and northeastern and eastern Kenya recorded less than 6 millimetres of rainfall. Less than 75 per cent of the long term average rainfall was observed over much of Ethiopia and Kenya, in parts of Uganda, and in southwestern Somalia. However moderately wet conditions prevailed in northeastern Ethiopia and northern Somalia during March due to rainfall at 125 per cent levels compared to the long term average.
UNICEF has revised its humanitarian strategy for 2017 to focus on immediate life-saving measures needed to advert famine. UNICEF has revised its Humanitarian Action for Children (HAC) requirements for Somalia from US$66.1 million to US$147.9 million to meet the increased humanitarian needs of children due to the rapidly deteriorating drought situation which is now affecting most of the country.
Should the 2017 Gu season perform very poorly, and humanitarian assistance not reach populations affected by drought, there is a risk of famine (IPC Phase 5) unfolding in the second half of 2017. As the situation continues to deteriorate, malnutrition is expected to increase with more than 200,000 children expected to become severely malnourished.
(Nairobi, 3 March 2017) – On a visit to one of the driest areas in northern Kenya today, Under-Secretary-General for Humanitarian Affairs and Emergency Relief Coordinator, Stephen O’Brien, saw the devastating impact of drought on rural communities and called for international support for communities affected by conflict and drought in Kenya and the Horn of Africa.
The third consecutive year of drought in the Horn of Africa is causing thirst and hunger, decimating livestock, destroying livelihoods, spreading disease and triggering large scale population movements.
Somalia - In order to meet the emergency needs of over a million Somalis affected by drought, IOM in Somalia is scaling up lifesaving interventions throughout the country and appealing to international donors for funding.
Humanitarian agencies report worrying similarities to the 2011 famine in Somalia, in which over a quarter of a million people lost their lives.
Cairo, 27 February 2017 – The World Health Organization (WHO) is scaling up its response in Somalia to provide critical health services for 1.5 million people currently affected by severe drought conditions and a worsening food crisis. However, the Organization urgently requires US$ 10 million as part of the United Nations appeal for the first 6 months of 2017.
Due to worsening drought conditions, Acute Watery Diarrhoea/Cholera cases continue to spread to various parts of Somalia, particularly Lower Shabelle, Bay and Puntland. Most of the districts reporting cholera cases are along the Shebelle River where there is severe water shortage caused by drying up of the river.
During the reporting period, 913 suspected AWD/ Cholera cases and 10 deaths (Case Fatality Rate of 1.1 percent) were recorded from 38 districts across eight regions.