Health authorities in Yemen confirmed a cholera outbreak on 6 October 2016, posing an increased health risk to the population especially children. The Ministry of Public Health and Population (MoPHP) announced that a total of 11 out of 25 suspected diarrhea cases have been confirmed as Cholera cases in the capital, Sana’a. As per the Inter-Agency joint response plan, UNICEF additional fund requirements for the cholera outbreak response stands at US$3.2 million. (UNICEF, 11 Oct 2016)
As of 23 October, 31 cases of cholera have been confirmed, in Amant Al Asimah, Aden, Lahj, Al Bayda, Sana’a and Hajjah governorates. At least 7.6 million people are estimated to be living in affected and at-risk areas. Given the poor sanitation conditions of many communities in Yemen, particularly the ones hosting large number of internally displaced people (IDPs), the situation is likely to worsen rapidly in the coming days. (UNICEF, 24 Oct 2016)
On 27 October, The World Health Organization (WHO) released approximately US$ 1 million from its internal emergency funds to support the ongoing response to the cholera outbreak in Yemen. (WHO, 27 Oct 2016)
As of 30 October, a total of 1410 suspected cases of cholera, including 45 associated deaths have been reported. Laboratory-confirmed cases of cholera have been reported from Taiz, Aden, Lahj, Al-Hudaydah, Hajjah, Sana'a, Al-Baida and and Ibb governorates.(WHO, 30 OCt 2016)
As of 24 November, 103 cases of cholera have been confirmed in 31 districts with 8 cases of deaths from cholera. A total of 6121 of suspected cases are reported in 86 districts. (WHO, 24 Nov 2016)
As of 29 November, the outbreak of cholera declared in early October recorded 122 confirmed cases in 12 governorates, 10 confirmed deaths, and 72 suspected deaths. Additionally, more than 7,700 suspected cases were reported across 15 at-risk governorates. Women and children made up the majority of both suspected cases and deaths. The World Health Organisation (WHO) and the Ministry of Public Health and Population (MoPHP) estimate that 7.6 million people are at risk. (OCHA, 14 Dec 2016)
As of 27 December, there were some 12,733 suspected cases and 163 confirmed cholera cases in 15 governorates. Cumulatively, 96 cholera-associated deaths have been reported. Children account for 34 per cent of the victims. (OCHA, 31 Dec 2016)
As of 11 January, 15,658 suspected cholera cases have been reported in 156 districts. A total of 180 out of 841 cases tested positive for Vibrio Cholera, serotype Ogawa. Overall, the epidemic curve shows a declining trend from week 51 onwards, while the attack rate remains high in some high-risk districts. Health response is underway through 26 Diarrhea Treatment Centres (DTC) in 24 districts, while WASH partners are undertaking response in 29 districts. An additional $3 million is being allocated through the 2017 HPF reserve allocation to address outstanding gaps.
As more than 20 months of conflict has caused the collapse of basic services and institutions, there are only 45 per cent of health facilities functioning, and even these face severe shortages in medicines, equipment, and staff. The lack of capacity, coupled with predisposing conditions such as population displacement, overcrowding and inadequate sanitation have contributed to the occurrence and spread of the Cholera/AWD outbreak.(OCHA, 15 Jan 2017)
The Yemen Pooled Fund has begun 2017 by launching a First Reserve Allocation for the Cholera response worth $2.7 million. (OCHA, 31 Jan 2017)
On 21 March, WHO stated that the Ministry of Public Health and Population in Yemen has released updated figures for the ongoing outbreak of cholera. During the week of 6–12 March 2017, 88 new suspected cases of cholera and 2 deaths have been reported, mainly from Hajjah, Al Bayda and Sana’a governorates. Since the start of the outbreak in October 2016, a cumulative total of 23 506 suspected cases of cholera, including 108 associated deaths, have been reported across the country. (WHO, 21 Mar 2017)
Unsafe water as deadly to severely malnourished children as lack of food
Download photos and videos from: http://weshare.unicef.org/Package/2AMZIFDD22Q
NEW YORK/DAKAR/NAIROBI/AMMAN, 29 March 2017 – Water shortages, inadequate sanitation, poor hygiene practices and disease outbreaks are posing an additional threat to severely malnourished children in northeast Nigeria, Somalia, South Sudan and Yemen, UNICEF said today.
Zafaran, a displaced woman from Taiz City, has been forced to sell the only mat in her cramped room to pay to refill a small cooking gas cylinder. For her, sitting on the concrete floor is less painful than keeping her two children hungry.
“When the bombings intensified in our neighborhood, we fled barefoot and we couldn’t even bring any clothes with us. We took shelter in a school but a few days later we were asked to leave and we ended up in this crowded place in Ibb,” Zafaran recalled.
The current level of hunger in Yemen is unprecedented with the number of food insecure people rising by three million in seven months. Nationwide, 65% of Yemeni households now estimated to be food insecure (of which nearly 30% severely), compared to 41% during pre‐ crisis period (2014). About 7.3 million people are anticipated to require emergency food assistance. Total food insecure population estimated to be over 17 million.
March 28 – Health situation in Yemen
Since March 2015, conflict has spread to 21 of Yemen’s 22 governorates, prompting a large scale protection crisis and aggravating an already severe humanitarian situation brought on by years of poverty, poor governance and instability. Today, 18.8 million people, or 70 per cent of the population, are in need of some form of humanitarian and protection assistance. This includes 10.3 million children.
The UN has warned that Yemen is at risk of falling into famine if the international community does not take immediate steps to address the severe food and nutrition crisis. 6.8 million people (25% of the population) are facing Emergency (IPC Phase 4) levels of food insecurity, only one phase before the declaration of famine. A further 10.2 million (38% of the population) are facing Crisis (IPC Phase 3). The population in Crisis and Emergency has increased by 20% compared to June 2016.
· With 17.1 million food-insecure people in Yemen - 7.3 million of them in need of emergency food assistance to survive – the country is currently on the brink of famine. 462,000 children under 5 are suffering from Severe Acute Malnutrition and require immediate assistance.
Number of children injured, recruited in Yemen conflict nearly doubles in one year
SANA'A, 27 March 2016 – After two years of brutal conflict, families in Yemen are increasingly resorting to extreme measures to support their children, said UNICEF in a report released today as the war in the Middle East’s poorest country enters its third year.
This statement is made on behalf of Save the Children and 16 NGOs, comprised of national, regional and international human rights and humanitarian civil society actors, including organizations that provide humanitarian assistance and support to vulnerable children and families in Yemen.
We are concerned by the rapidly deteriorating situation in Yemen as highlighted in the High Commissioner’s oral update on the implementation of Human Rights Council resolution 33/16 of October 2016.2
21 March 2017 – The Ministry of Public Health and Population in Yemen has released updated figures for the ongoing outbreak of cholera. During the week of 6–12 March 2017, 88 new suspected cases of cholera and 2 deaths have been reported, mainly from Hajjah, Al Bayda and Sana’a governorates.
Two years of conflict puts future of coming generations at great risk
First UN cross-line medical aid delivery to Taizz city in months
117,107 people migrate to Yemen from the Horn of Africa in 2016
Cholera response gives promising results
Yemenis bear the brunt of almost two years of conflict
The ECDC Communicable Disease Threats Report (CDTR) is a weekly bulletin for epidemiologists and health professionals on active public health threats. This issue covers the period 12-18 March 2017 and includes updates on cholera, measles and Legionnaires disease.
UN declares Yemen the largest food security emergency in the world
Persistent fighting along the western coast displaces more than 48,000 people in Ta’izz Governorate
Insecurity at ports and overland transportation routes blocks medical supplies and other humanitarian assistance
7 March 2017 – The Ministry of Public Health and Population in Yemen released additional figures for the ongoing outbreak of cholera. Since the last update on 26 February 2017, 1598 new suspected cases of cholera and zero deaths have been reported.
The trend of suspected cholera cases per week appear to be on the decline in most districts or governorates. Nearly 85% of the new cases recorded since the last update was in 10 districts within Al Hudaydah, Al Bayda, Hajjah, Sana’a and Ta’izz governorates.
2 March 2017, Sana’a, Yemen — A consultative workshop on acute watery diarrhoea (AWD)/cholera response concluded today in Sana’a with the participation of WHO, UNICEF, health authorities and representatives from water, information, education and endowment ministries.
2 March 2017, Sana’a – A plane carrying 8 metric tonnes of cholera kits and tuberculosis medicines provided by WHO and the Global Fund has landed in the Yemeni capital, Sana’a.
The cholera kits include anti-diarrhoeal treatment for 12 000 people, as well as cholera laboratory equipment and rapid diagnostics tests.
Part of the airlift coming from Djibouti are also anti-tuberculosis medicines procured by Global Fund on behalf of national health authorities across the country.
• The crisis in Yemen gives no respite and children are the most affected. In 2017, UNICEF needs US$236.6 million to provide life-saving assistance to 6.9 million children in the most vulnerable communities.
• As famine looms in Yemen, number of children at risk of malnutrition is expected to increase. Currently over 462,000 children are suffering from severe acute malnutrition (SAM), scaling of nutrition support is urgent and must reach every corner of Yemen.
Since mid-March 2015, conflict in Yemen has spread to 21 of Yemen’s 22 governorates prompting a large-scale protection crisis and compounding an already dire humanitarian crisis brought on by years of poverty, poor governance, conflict and ongoing instability.
The total number of people in need of humanitarian assistance is 18.8 million or 70% of the population, including 10.3 million children.
7,469 people including 4,125 civilians have now been killed, and over 40,483 injured of whom 11,332 are civilians.
Oxfam GB organized a Humanitarian Conference “Yemen Civil Society Event“ in London on 26 January, which focused on increasing the engagement of the international community and brought parties together to discuss issues effecting the humanitarian crisis and response in Yemen. Around 32 NGOs were able to take a part in the event by a video link in OCHA offices in Sana’a and Aden.
people in need of aid as a result of emergencies – almost 60% of all people-in-need globally
people displaced (internally and in neighboring countries) as a result of conflict and natural disasters
7 graded emergencies
directly and indirectly affecting a total of 14 countries
in Somalia and Sudan
H5N1, MERS CoV, Polio
health security threats currently in the Region